Issue clearly stated. Terms accurately defined. Case studies located Wide range of reading and research. Well selected examples/ case studies. Well annotated maps, diagrams, tables to support arguments. Evidence of research in bibliography and often in text. Recognition of bias. Research fully applied to the question. Organised. Recognises range of perspectives. Logical, well argued and analytical. Clear, meaningful conclusion, Usually with ongoing evaluation. Links back to introduction, Well reasoned Well written, coherent, closely addresses the issue. Sound syntax/ paragraphing. Terminology used effectively. The GOOD
The BAD Attempt to define key terms and use framework. Limited reference to issue . Evidence of research, some relevant.Limited range of standard sources (e.g. A Level texts) Usually has brief bibliography. In text acknowledgment unlikely. Partially logical enquiry. Some ability to organise research to answer question. Some information generalised. Usually descriptive / simply explained. Conclusion attempted in general terms, not fully related to the question. Lacks evaluation . Findings often quite simply presented. Uses some geographical terminology. Syntax is basic standard with some punctuation errors.
The UGLY Simple definition of some terms which may not be key.May lack any introduction Limited use of case studies that vary in appropriateness. Descriptive or lacking detail. Likely to have problems of relevance or be one sided. May lack a conclusion or attempt one which has little link to title or rest of report Very basic quality of language. Little use of terminology. Spelling and punctuation errors frequent.
Observations from Examiners Candidates who use the mark scheme produce better reports
A SUGGESTED CHECK LIST TO USE WITH THE MARK SCHEME Check list from Examiner’s Report We like to help Discuss the chosen title to ensure that there are no misunderstandings over what it’s about <ul><li>Have a heading for the introduction and make sure that this section contains: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a paragraph which demonstrates an understanding of what the problem or issue involves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a framework or plan of action which outlines the way in which the question will be addressed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a suggestion of the range of scales or locations that will be used for evidence- identify and locate any case studies that will be used preferably on a map </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>clearly define all the terms that appear in the title and others that may be associated with the planned answer. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>refer to the range and types of data needed to answer the question by referring to the bibliography and avoiding lengthy ‘methodology’ tables </li></ul></ul> Have a heading that identifies the analysis part of the report and defines the end of the introduction Research any necessary concepts often specialist books or sometimes general geography books are good for this Use up to date examples and case studies by researching journals and the Internet Provide evidence that the research has been done by having a proper bibliography Use in text referencing to acknowledge the sources of quoted material Include maps, diagrams and tables to ensure a report rather than an essay is produced Organise the evidence logically in paragraphs, so that an argument is built up. Use case studies analytically rather than descriptively Show that a range of values and points of view are being considered and not dismissed Have a heading for the conclusion and make sure that this section contains reference to some of the case studies examples and arguments in the main body of the report link s back to the introduction Edit the report for syntax and spelling mistakes – use the spell check as part of this Read the finished report, making sure that its easy to read , that the argument is not broken up by too many in text boxes and that it is within the 1500 word limit. Write an abstract at this stage.
Use of an abstract encourages candidates to provide a clear statement of the issues at the start. D1 Inequality in global trade is the root cause of the development gap.Discuss.
F10 To what extent could an increase in organic farming help to feed the world’s people?
Explore the reasons why some countries have been more successful than others in attracting major sporting events S 16
Notice the in text referencing. Well chosen quotes enhance the clarity of the message in some introductions.
A clear statement of the issues in the introduction, using annotated illustrations. The source is acknowledged.
NGO websites can get the issues across well. Bias needs to be recognised.
F6 A location map, showing a potential range of scales / locations is useful, but often not included . F6
Diagrams have been used to provide a framework in several reports. H13
Clear definitions at the beginning help to maintain focus throughout the report S 16
Key words only vaguely defined – could turn ugly later….. S18
S20 Using a range of examples, examine how tourism has had both positive and negative impacts on local culture Case studies need to be useful and relevant
A clear statement that refers directly to selected evidence earlier in the report
A BIBLIOGRAPHY PROVIDES EVIDENCE OF RESEARCH This one shows texts , articles and the Internet
ABSTRACT - clear statement of the question INTRODUCTION defines terms refers to the issues - gives framework with located case studies Well selected illustrated UNDERSTANDING Logically organised. Research directly applied to the question, Develops argument, appreciates values and attitudes CONCLUSION clear- refers to material in report RESEARCH . Bibliography- evidence of sources EASY TO READ