Katleen T. Martin
Ms. Myrna Sorbeto
The intrauterine device (IUD) is a form
of birth control; it is an object, placed in the uterus to
prevent pregnancy. Among modern IUDs, the two
types available are copper-containing devices, and a
hormone-containing device that releases
Ortho Tri-Cyclen are tablets indicated
for the prevention of pregnancy in women
who elect to use oral contraceptives as a
method of contraception.
A condom is a barrier device most
commonly used during sexual intercourse to reduce
the probability of pregnancy and spreading
sexually transmitted diseases (STDs—such
as gonorrhea, syphilis, and HIV). It is put on a
man's erect penis and physically blocks ejaculated
semen from entering the body of a sexual partner.
Birth control pills are a type of female
hormonal birth control method, and are very
effective at preventing pregnancy. These are small
tablets that women swallow each day. Most pills
contain two types of synthetic female hormones;
estrogen and progestin which are normally
produced by the ovaries.
Tubal ligation or tubectomy (also known as
having one's "tubes tied" (ligation)) is a surgical
procedure for sterilization in which a
woman's fallopian tubes are clamped and
blocked, or severed and sealed, either method of
which prevents eggs from reaching the uterus
for fertilization. Tubal ligation is considered a
permanent method ofsterilization, and birth control.
Vasectomy is a surgical procedure for
male sterilization and/or permanent birth control.
During the procedure, the vasa deferentia of a man
are severed, and then tied/sealed in a manner such to
prevent sperm from entering into the seminal stream
Coitus interruptus, also known as
the withdrawal or pull-out method, is a method of
birth-control in which a man, during intercourse
withdraws his penis from a woman's vagina prior
to ejaculation. The man then directs his ejaculate
(semen) away from his partner's vagina in an effort
to avoid insemination.
With the calendar method, you need to
keep a record of the length of each menstrual cycle
in order to determine when you are fertile. You can
use an ordinary calendar. Circle day one of each
cycle, which is the first day of your period. Count
the total number of days in each cycle. Include the
first day when you count. Do this for at least eight
cycles (12 is better).
The contraceptive sponge combines
barrier and spermicidal methods to
prevent conception. The sponges are
inserted vaginally prior to intercourse and must be
placed over the cervix to be effective. To facilitate
removal, it has an elastic band across the sponge.
Vaginal contraceptive foams are spermicidal
foams which prevent pregnancy when inserted
vaginally. It comes in an aerosol that you need to shake
well before use. Fill the applicator. When you insert the
applicator, be sure to do so as close to the cervix as
possible. Once you release the foam into the vagina, the
spermicide works immediately.
Depo-Provera is a branded progestogen-
only contraceptive, depot medroxyprogesterone
acetate long acting reversible hormonal
contraceptive birth control drug that is injected
every 3 months.
A contraceptive patch is a transdermal
patch applied to the skin that releases
synthetic estrogen and progestin hormones to
prevent pregnancy. They have been shown to be as
effective as the combined oral contraceptive
pill with perfect use, and the patch may be more
effective in typical use.
A female condom (also known as a
benidorm) is a device that is used during sexual
intercourse as a barrier contraceptive and to reduce
the risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs—
such as gonorrhea, syphilis, and HIV) and