Contraceptive Methods
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Contraceptive Methods

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Contraceptive Methods Contraceptive Methods Document Transcript

  • Submitted by: Katleen T. Martin IV- Gold Submitted to: Ms. Myrna Sorbeto
  • The intrauterine device (IUD) is a form of birth control; it is an object, placed in the uterus to prevent pregnancy. Among modern IUDs, the two types available are copper-containing devices, and a hormone-containing device that releases a progestogen.
  • Ortho Tri-Cyclen are tablets indicated for the prevention of pregnancy in women who elect to use oral contraceptives as a method of contraception.
  • A condom is a barrier device most commonly used during sexual intercourse to reduce the probability of pregnancy and spreading sexually transmitted diseases (STDs—such as gonorrhea, syphilis, and HIV). It is put on a man's erect penis and physically blocks ejaculated semen from entering the body of a sexual partner. .
  • Birth control pills are a type of female hormonal birth control method, and are very effective at preventing pregnancy. These are small tablets that women swallow each day. Most pills contain two types of synthetic female hormones; estrogen and progestin which are normally produced by the ovaries.
  • Tubal ligation or tubectomy (also known as having one's "tubes tied" (ligation)) is a surgical procedure for sterilization in which a woman's fallopian tubes are clamped and blocked, or severed and sealed, either method of which prevents eggs from reaching the uterus for fertilization. Tubal ligation is considered a permanent method ofsterilization, and birth control.
  • Vasectomy is a surgical procedure for male sterilization and/or permanent birth control. During the procedure, the vasa deferentia of a man are severed, and then tied/sealed in a manner such to prevent sperm from entering into the seminal stream (ejaculate).
  • Coitus interruptus, also known as the withdrawal or pull-out method, is a method of birth-control in which a man, during intercourse withdraws his penis from a woman's vagina prior to ejaculation. The man then directs his ejaculate (semen) away from his partner's vagina in an effort to avoid insemination.
  • With the calendar method, you need to keep a record of the length of each menstrual cycle in order to determine when you are fertile. You can use an ordinary calendar. Circle day one of each cycle, which is the first day of your period. Count the total number of days in each cycle. Include the first day when you count. Do this for at least eight cycles (12 is better).
  • The contraceptive sponge combines barrier and spermicidal methods to prevent conception. The sponges are inserted vaginally prior to intercourse and must be placed over the cervix to be effective. To facilitate removal, it has an elastic band across the sponge.
  • Vaginal contraceptive foams are spermicidal foams which prevent pregnancy when inserted vaginally. It comes in an aerosol that you need to shake well before use. Fill the applicator. When you insert the applicator, be sure to do so as close to the cervix as possible. Once you release the foam into the vagina, the spermicide works immediately.
  • Depo-Provera is a branded progestogen- only contraceptive, depot medroxyprogesterone acetate long acting reversible hormonal contraceptive birth control drug that is injected every 3 months.
  • A contraceptive patch is a transdermal patch applied to the skin that releases synthetic estrogen and progestin hormones to prevent pregnancy. They have been shown to be as effective as the combined oral contraceptive pill with perfect use, and the patch may be more effective in typical use.
  • A female condom (also known as a benidorm) is a device that is used during sexual intercourse as a barrier contraceptive and to reduce the risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs— such as gonorrhea, syphilis, and HIV) and unintended pregnancy.