All About Music


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This presentation of mine talks about music, its history, elements, and genres.

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All About Music

  2. 2. Music may be defined according to various criteria including organization, pleasantness, intent, social construction, perceptual processes and engagement, universal aspects or family resemblances, and through contrast or negative definition.
  3. 3. "Musical language" may be used to mean style or genre, while music may be treated as language without being called such, as in Fred Lerdahl or others' analysis of musical grammar. Many definitions of music implicitly hold that music is a communicative activity which conveys to the listener moods, emotions, t houghts, impressio ns, or philosophical, sexu al, or political concepts or positions.
  4. 4. The pitch is the relative lowness or highness that we hear in a sound. The pitch of a sound is based on the frequency of vibration and the size of the vibrating object. The slower the vibration and the bigger the vibrating object, the lower the pitch; the faster the vibration and the smaller the vibrating object, the higher the pitch. For example, the pitch of a double bass is lower than that of the violin because the double bass has longer strings. Pitch may be definite (i.e. piano) or indefinite (i.e. Cymbals).
  5. 5. It may be defined as the pattern or placement of sounds in time and beats in music. Roger Kamien in his book Music: An Appreciation defines rhythm as "the particular arrangement of note lengths in a piece of music." Rhythm is shaped by meter; it has certain elements such as beat and tempo.
  6. 6. He is a retired professor emeritus of musicology in the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel. He is the author of the book Music: An Appreciation, which is a book intended to show students the basics and the importance of music.
  7. 7. Dynamics normally refers to the volume of a sound or note, but can also refer to every aspect of the execution of a given piece, either stylistic (staccato, legato etc.) or functional (velocity). The term is also applied to the written or printed musical notation used to indicate dynamics. Dynamics are relative and do not indicate specific volume levels.
  8. 8. Also known as tone color; it refers to the quality of sound that distinguishes one voice or instrument from another. Timbre may range anywhere from dull to lush, from dark to bright.
  9. 9. Musical texture refers to the number of layers as well as the type of layers used in a composition and how these layers are related. Texture may be monophonic (single melodic line), polyphonic (two or more melodic lines) and homophonic (a main melody accompanied by chords).
  10. 10. The tempo is the Italian word at the beginning of a music piece that indicates how slow or fast t he piece should be played. This is called the tempo which is effective throughout the duration of the music unless the composer indicates otherwise
  11. 11. Some alternative rock bands: 1. Linkin park 2. My Chemical Romance 3. Muse 4. Evanescence 5. Red Hot Chili Peppers 6. Paramore 7. Creed 8. Oasis 9.The All American Rejects 10. Incubus
  12. 12. Pop Art i st : 1. Col bi e Cai l l at 2. Chr i st i na Agui l er a 3. Br i t ney Spear s 4. Tayl or Swi f t 5. Lady Gaga 6. Mar i ah Car ey 7. Kat y Per r y 8. Avr i l Lavi gne 9. Kel l y Cl ar kson Char i ce Pempengco
  13. 13. R&B Ar t i st s 1. Kyl a 2. Jay-R 3. Ni na 4. Br uno Mar s 5. Luke Mej ar es 6. Boyz I I Men 7. Br i an McKni ght 8. Ne Yo 9. Ri hanna 10. Beyonce Knowl es
  14. 14. Jazz Ar t i st s: 1. Si t t i Navar r o 2. Ri char d Poon 3. Fr ank Si nat r a 4. Loui s Ar mst r ong 5. Nat Ki ng Col e
  15. 15. Hi phop Ar t i st s: 1. Emi nem 2. Kanye West 3. Li l Wayne 4. Ni cki Mi naj 5. Jay-Z 6. Dr ake 7. Snoop Doog 8. Cent 9. Di ddy/ P. Di ddy/ Sean Jean Combs 10. Bone Thugs-N-Har mony