Mindsets

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Mindsets Mindsets Presentation Transcript

  • Mindsets: Fixed vs. GrowthMindsets: Fixed vs. Growth
  • There are two mindsets:There are two mindsets: FixedFixed and Growthand Growth
  • Are people born smart?Are people born smart? Do these peopleDo these people succeed easily?succeed easily?
  • Prime MinisterPrime Minister Winston ChurchillWinston Churchill REPEATEDREPEATED aa grade duringgrade during elementary schoolelementary school He was placed in theHe was placed in the LOWESTLOWEST division ofdivision of thethe LOWESTLOWEST classclass
  • ComposerComposer Beethoven’s teacherBeethoven’s teacher called him acalled him a HOPELESSHOPELESS composercomposer He wroteHe wrote 55 of hisof his greatestgreatest SYMPHONIESSYMPHONIES whilewhile DEAFDEAF
  • WriterWriter Leo TolstoyLeo Tolstoy droppeddropped out of collegeout of college He was described asHe was described as both “both “UNABLEUNABLE andand unwilling tounwilling to LEARNLEARN""
  • Role modelsRole models ……..Einstein'sEinstein's teacher said that he wasteacher said that he was ‘academically subnormal‘academically subnormal’’ ……..Michael Jordan'sMichael Jordan's coach said that hecoach said that he wasn’t more talented than other peoplewasn’t more talented than other people…… ……....Walt DisneyWalt Disney was told that he lackedwas told that he lacked ‘creative imagination’‘creative imagination’
  • The two mindsets:The two mindsets:
  • Fixed:Fixed:  Those with aThose with a FIXED MINDSETFIXED MINDSET tend to createtend to create PERFORMANCEPERFORMANCE goals.goals.  They believe that a person’sThey believe that a person’s POTENTIALPOTENTIAL cancan bebe MEASUREDMEASURED.. They aim to receiveThey aim to receive validation from others.validation from others.  Receiving low marks mean that they are notReceiving low marks mean that they are not smart.smart.  Both success and failure causeBoth success and failure cause ANXIETY.ANXIETY.
  • When faced with failure or challenge, people with aWhen faced with failure or challenge, people with a FIXED mindset:FIXED mindset:  do not pay attention to learning informationdo not pay attention to learning information  get depressed, becomeget depressed, become de-energisedde-energised and loseand lose self-esteemself-esteem  denigrate their intelligence: ‘I am stupid’, they’lldenigrate their intelligence: ‘I am stupid’, they’ll thinkthink  under-represent past successes and over-under-represent past successes and over- represent failures (pessimism)represent failures (pessimism)  explain the cause of events as something stableexplain the cause of events as something stable about them.about them.
  • Growth:Growth:  Those with a growth mindset tend to createThose with a growth mindset tend to create LEARNINGLEARNING goals.goals.  The goal isThe goal is MASTERYMASTERY andand COMPETENCE.COMPETENCE.  Scores and marks reflect how people are doingScores and marks reflect how people are doing NOWNOW and do not measure a person’s potential.and do not measure a person’s potential.  Creating goals for learning has shown toCreating goals for learning has shown to INCREASE PERFORMANCEINCREASE PERFORMANCE and enjoymentand enjoyment and decrease negative emotion.and decrease negative emotion.
  •  Pay attention to learning IPay attention to learning I  Focus on what they are learning, rather thanFocus on what they are learning, rather than focusing on how they feel.focusing on how they feel.  Try out new ways of doing things and seek outTry out new ways of doing things and seek out challengeschallenges  Use self-motivating statements such as ‘ theUse self-motivating statements such as ‘ the harder it gets the harder I try’.harder it gets the harder I try’.  Don’t always know how to do something at firstDon’t always know how to do something at first
  • EffortEffort  Those with aThose with a fixed mindsetfixed mindset view effort as aview effort as a reflectionreflection ofof low intelligencelow intelligence..  Hard work means ‘I don’tHard work means ‘I don’t get it’, ‘I’m unintelligentget it’, ‘I’m unintelligent  Effort = lack of abilityEffort = lack of ability  Those with aThose with a growthgrowth mindset see effort as amindset see effort as a necessary part ofnecessary part of successsuccess..  TheyThey try hardertry harder when facedwhen faced with a setback.with a setback.  Effort = success.Effort = success.  They use effort toThey use effort to overcomeovercome difficulty.difficulty.
  • Strategies:Strategies: growth mindsetgrowth mindset  People adopting a growth mindset tend toPeople adopting a growth mindset tend to generate other, and new, ways to do things.generate other, and new, ways to do things.  If one route doesn’t work they will try others.If one route doesn’t work they will try others.  They will think ‘outside of the box’ to solveThey will think ‘outside of the box’ to solve problems because they believe that they ‘can’.problems because they believe that they ‘can’.
  • Strategies:Strategies: fixed mindsetfixed mindset  Carol Dweck has found that students with a fixedCarol Dweck has found that students with a fixed mindset keep using the wrong strategy whenmindset keep using the wrong strategy when faced with a problem.faced with a problem.  Then they disengage from the problem.Then they disengage from the problem.  Finally, they give up.Finally, they give up.
  • All of the areas of the brainAll of the areas of the brain ……like sound, communication, problem-solving…like sound, communication, problem-solving… are made of cells calledare made of cells called NEURONSNEURONS They transmit information all around the brain.They transmit information all around the brain.
  • Neurons pass informationNeurons pass information through CONNECTIONSthrough CONNECTIONS with other neurons atwith other neurons at SYNAPSESSYNAPSES
  • Learning helps our neurons GROW.Learning helps our neurons GROW. The more we learn, the more connections theyThe more we learn, the more connections they make.make.
  • As you approach a challenge:As you approach a challenge: THE FIXED-MINDSET says “Are you sure you can do it? Maybe you don’t haveTHE FIXED-MINDSET says “Are you sure you can do it? Maybe you don’t have the talent.”the talent.” THE GROWTH-MINDSET answers, “I’m not sure I can do it now, but I think I canTHE GROWTH-MINDSET answers, “I’m not sure I can do it now, but I think I can learn to with time and effort.”learn to with time and effort.” FIXED MINDSET: “What if you fail—you’ll be a failure”FIXED MINDSET: “What if you fail—you’ll be a failure” GROWTH MINDSET: “Most successful people had failures along the way.”GROWTH MINDSET: “Most successful people had failures along the way.” FIXED MINDSET: “If you don’t try, you can protect yourself and keep your dignity.”FIXED MINDSET: “If you don’t try, you can protect yourself and keep your dignity.” GROWTH MINDSET: “If I don’t try, I automatically fail. Where’s the dignity in that?”GROWTH MINDSET: “If I don’t try, I automatically fail. Where’s the dignity in that?” As you hit a setback:As you hit a setback: FIXED MINDSET: “This would have been a snap if you really had talent.”FIXED MINDSET: “This would have been a snap if you really had talent.” GROWTH MINDSET: “That is so wrong. Basketball wasn’t easy for MichaelGROWTH MINDSET: “That is so wrong. Basketball wasn’t easy for Michael Jordan and science wasn’t easy for Thomas Edison. They had a passion and put inJordan and science wasn’t easy for Thomas Edison. They had a passion and put in tons of effort.tons of effort. As you face criticism:As you face criticism: FIXED MINDSET: “It’s not my fault. It was something or someone else’s fault.”FIXED MINDSET: “It’s not my fault. It was something or someone else’s fault.” GROWTH MINDSET: “If I don’t take responsibility, I can’t fix it. Let me listen—GROWTH MINDSET: “If I don’t take responsibility, I can’t fix it. Let me listen— however painful it is– and learn whatever I can.”however painful it is– and learn whatever I can.”