Oswiecim
awsh-vyen-cheem
 a town in southern Poland
            now
Auschwitz –concentration camp
► symbol   of terror, genocide, and the Holocaust
► established by the Nazis in the suburbs ...
three main parts:
► Auschwitz  I,
► Auschwitz II-Birkenau,
► and Auschwitz III-Monowitz.
► It also had over 40 sub-camps
► At first, Poles were imprisoned and died in the
  camp.
► Afterwards, Soviet prisoners of war, Gypsies, and
  prisoners ...
The selection by the SS of newly arrived Jews as "fit"

               and "unfit" for work.
1
Model of gas chamber and
   crematorium II.
Camp gate




 Here, thousands of prisoners went out each day to long hours of arduous
                                  l...
Camp hospital
       ► The  camp authorities
         designated Blocks 19,
         20, 21 and 28 as the
         "camp i...
Women's camp
      ►   A camp for women prisoners
          was located in Blocks 1-10
      ►   It was separated from the...
► themajority of the Jewish men, women and
 children deported to Auschwitz were sent
 to their deaths in the Birkenau gas
...
Gas chambers    gas chamber and
               furnaces for burning
               corpses.
               Thousands of Je...
At the end of the war, in connection with the operation intended to remove the
 evidence of their crimes, the camp authori...
768 corpses could be burned in this crematorium every 24 hours.

According to the testimony of former prisoners, the figur...
Auschwitz II-Birkenau - women and children directed to the gas

                  chamber during selection
the furnaces
2
Auschwitz II-Birkenau.
  Prisoners laboring.
Auschwitz III (Monowitz) Concentration Camp and Sub-Camps

                        Buna
Buna
► The  largest Auschwitz sub-camp,
► 1942 to 1945.
► The Nazis sent thousands of prisoners from
  various countries, ...
buna
Auschwitz I. Prisoners' bunks.
Auschwitz II-Birkenau. The
interior of a wooden barrack
At the end of the war
► in an effort to remove the traces of the
  crimes they had committed, the SS began
  dismantling t...
burning corpses
Ruins of the gas chamber and
       crematorium II
Auschwitz II-Birkenau. Ruins of the gas
    chamber and crematorium V.
before
Dr. Mengele
► Josef Mengele held a Ph.D. and a medical doctorate.
► Mengeles first experimental subjects were Gypsy childr...
His purpose was to discover ways by which he could
      faster expand the pure German race.
private photographs found in the baggage of Jews
    deported to Auschwitz Concentration Camp
Oswiecim[1] Book Night
Oswiecim[1] Book Night
Oswiecim[1] Book Night
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Transcript of "Oswiecim[1] Book Night"

  1. 1. Oswiecim awsh-vyen-cheem a town in southern Poland now
  2. 2. Auschwitz –concentration camp ► symbol of terror, genocide, and the Holocaust ► established by the Nazis in the suburbs of the city of established by the Nazis in the suburbs of the city of Oswiecim, Poland ► was occupied by the Germans during the WW2. ► The name of the city of Oswiecim was changed to Auschwitz, which became the name of the camp as well. ► June 14, 1940 the 1st transport of Polish Political prisoners
  3. 3. three main parts: ► Auschwitz I, ► Auschwitz II-Birkenau, ► and Auschwitz III-Monowitz. ► It also had over 40 sub-camps
  4. 4. ► At first, Poles were imprisoned and died in the camp. ► Afterwards, Soviet prisoners of war, Gypsies, and prisoners of other nationalities were also incarcerated there. ► Beginning in 1942, the camp became the site of the greatest mass murder in the history of humanity, which was committed against the European Jews as part of Hitler's plan for the complete destruction of that people.
  5. 5. The selection by the SS of newly arrived Jews as "fit" and "unfit" for work.
  6. 6. 1
  7. 7. Model of gas chamber and crematorium II.
  8. 8. Camp gate Here, thousands of prisoners went out each day to long hours of arduous labor. In the evening, they returned exhausted, carrying the corpses of those who had died.
  9. 9. Camp hospital ► The camp authorities designated Blocks 19, 20, 21 and 28 as the "camp infirmary" for sick prisoners. ► Prisoners often referred to them as "waiting rooms for the crematoria."
  10. 10. Women's camp ► A camp for women prisoners was located in Blocks 1-10 ► It was separated from the men's camp by a high wall. ► More than 17,000 Jewish and non-Jewish women, deported from Germany and the countries occupied by the Nazis, were housed here. ► In a period of little more than four months, thousands of women died in the gas chambers or as the result of hunger, exhausting work, & sickness. ► The remainder were transferred in August 1942 to Birkenau
  11. 11. ► themajority of the Jewish men, women and children deported to Auschwitz were sent to their deaths in the Birkenau gas chambers immediately after arrival.
  12. 12. Gas chambers gas chamber and furnaces for burning corpses. Thousands of Jewish men, women and children were murdered here with poison gas, and their bodies burned.
  13. 13. At the end of the war, in connection with the operation intended to remove the evidence of their crimes, the camp authorities ordered the demolition of the furnaces and crematorium building in November 1944. On January 20, 1945, the SS blew up whatever had not been removed
  14. 14. 768 corpses could be burned in this crematorium every 24 hours. According to the testimony of former prisoners, the figure was higher.
  15. 15. Auschwitz II-Birkenau - women and children directed to the gas chamber during selection
  16. 16. the furnaces
  17. 17. 2
  18. 18. Auschwitz II-Birkenau. Prisoners laboring.
  19. 19. Auschwitz III (Monowitz) Concentration Camp and Sub-Camps Buna
  20. 20. Buna ► The largest Auschwitz sub-camp, ► 1942 to 1945. ► The Nazis sent thousands of prisoners from various countries, the majority of them Jewish, to Buna (there were approximately 10,000 prisoners in this camp in 1944). ► Those who were unable to go on working fell victim to selection and were taken to their deaths in the Birkenau concentration camp gas chambers.
  21. 21. buna
  22. 22. Auschwitz I. Prisoners' bunks.
  23. 23. Auschwitz II-Birkenau. The interior of a wooden barrack
  24. 24. At the end of the war ► in an effort to remove the traces of the crimes they had committed, the SS began dismantling the gas chambers, crematoria, and other buildings, as well as burning documents.
  25. 25. burning corpses
  26. 26. Ruins of the gas chamber and crematorium II
  27. 27. Auschwitz II-Birkenau. Ruins of the gas chamber and crematorium V.
  28. 28. before
  29. 29. Dr. Mengele ► Josef Mengele held a Ph.D. and a medical doctorate. ► Mengeles first experimental subjects were Gypsy children. ► He had a laboratory in the so-called "Gypsy Family Camp." ► On Mengele's orders, children suffering from noma were put to death in order for investigations to be carried out. ► Organs and even complete heads of children were preserved and sent in jars to institutions including the Medical Academy in Graz, Austria. ► Usually painful and exhausting, these examinations lasted for hours and were a difficult experience for starved, terrified children ► The subjects were photographed, plaster casts were made of their teeth and jaws, and their fingerprints and toeprints were taken. As soon as the examinations were finished, Mengele ordered them killed by phenol injection so that he could go on to the next phase of his experiments, the comparative analysis of internal organs at autopsy.
  30. 30. His purpose was to discover ways by which he could faster expand the pure German race.
  31. 31. private photographs found in the baggage of Jews deported to Auschwitz Concentration Camp
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