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Issues on Sex<br />CHAPTER FIVE<br />
Items covered<br />Contraception<br />Birth control by prevention of fertilisation with equipment<br />Sexually Transmitte...
CONTRACEPTION<br />SECTION ONE<br />
Common methods<br />
Physical – Male Condom<br />A rubber sheath worn over the penis during sexual intercourse.<br />Prevents sperms from being...
Physical – Female Condom<br />Worn over the vagina during sexual intercourse.<br />Acts as a barrier to prevent sperms fro...
Physical – Diaphragm<br />Round piece of rubber or plastic inserted through the vagina to cover the cervix.<br />Inserted ...
Physical – IUD<br />Instrument inserted into the uterus.<br />Prevents implantation of a fertilized egg.<br />98% to 99.4%...
Chemical – Hormone pill injection <br />Made of female sex hormones and are eaten or injected.<br />Prevent ovulation or t...
Chemical – Spermicide<br />Are chemicals and types include creams, jellies and foams.<br />Kill sperms and inserted into v...
Permanent - Vasectomy<br />Minor surgical procedure where sperm ducts are tied and cut.<br />After sterilisation, sperms c...
Permanent – Tubal Ligation<br />Surgical procedure where fallopian tubes are tied cut.<br />Prevents sperms from meeting e...
STDs<br />SECTION TWO<br />
Gonorrhoea<br />
Syphilis<br />
AIDs<br />
HIV passing<br />From mother to child<br />Through sharing of unclean needles by drug users<br />Through contact with infe...
END<br />
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Issues On Sex

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Transcript of "Issues On Sex"

  1. 1. Issues on Sex<br />CHAPTER FIVE<br />
  2. 2. Items covered<br />Contraception<br />Birth control by prevention of fertilisation with equipment<br />Sexually Transmitted diseases (STDs)<br />Diseases transmitted from one person to another through sexual intercourse<br />
  3. 3. CONTRACEPTION<br />SECTION ONE<br />
  4. 4. Common methods<br />
  5. 5. Physical – Male Condom<br />A rubber sheath worn over the penis during sexual intercourse.<br />Prevents sperms from being deposited in the penis.<br />88% to 98% effective.<br />Used once then discarded.<br />
  6. 6. Physical – Female Condom<br />Worn over the vagina during sexual intercourse.<br />Acts as a barrier to prevent sperms from being deposited into the ovum.<br />79% to 95% effective.<br />Used once then discarded.<br />
  7. 7. Physical – Diaphragm<br />Round piece of rubber or plastic inserted through the vagina to cover the cervix.<br />Inserted before the intercourse as a barrier.<br />83% effective with spermicide.<br />Used once then discarded 6 to 24 hours after.<br />
  8. 8. Physical – IUD<br />Instrument inserted into the uterus.<br />Prevents implantation of a fertilized egg.<br />98% to 99.4% effective.<br />Used for up to 10 years then removed by a doctor under sterile conditions.<br />
  9. 9. Chemical – Hormone pill injection <br />Made of female sex hormones and are eaten or injected.<br />Prevent ovulation or the release of eggs.<br />99.5% effective.<br />Taken daily.<br />
  10. 10. Chemical – Spermicide<br />Are chemicals and types include creams, jellies and foams.<br />Kill sperms and inserted into vagina 15 to 30 minutes before the intercourse.<br />79% effective, but can be used with other contraceptives.<br />
  11. 11. Permanent - Vasectomy<br />Minor surgical procedure where sperm ducts are tied and cut.<br />After sterilisation, sperms cannot travel to the urethra. There are no side effects.<br />Procedure is hard to reverse.<br />
  12. 12. Permanent – Tubal Ligation<br />Surgical procedure where fallopian tubes are tied cut.<br />Prevents sperms from meeting eggs.<br />Surgery to reverse ligation is not always effective.<br />
  13. 13. STDs<br />SECTION TWO<br />
  14. 14. Gonorrhoea<br />
  15. 15. Syphilis<br />
  16. 16. AIDs<br />
  17. 17. HIV passing<br />From mother to child<br />Through sharing of unclean needles by drug users<br />Through contact with infected blood<br />Through sexual contact<br />
  18. 18. END<br />
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