Issues On Sex
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Issues On Sex

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Issues On Sex Issues On Sex Presentation Transcript

  • Issues on Sex
    CHAPTER FIVE
  • Items covered
    Contraception
    Birth control by prevention of fertilisation with equipment
    Sexually Transmitted diseases (STDs)
    Diseases transmitted from one person to another through sexual intercourse
  • CONTRACEPTION
    SECTION ONE
  • Common methods
  • Physical – Male Condom
    A rubber sheath worn over the penis during sexual intercourse.
    Prevents sperms from being deposited in the penis.
    88% to 98% effective.
    Used once then discarded.
  • Physical – Female Condom
    Worn over the vagina during sexual intercourse.
    Acts as a barrier to prevent sperms from being deposited into the ovum.
    79% to 95% effective.
    Used once then discarded.
  • Physical – Diaphragm
    Round piece of rubber or plastic inserted through the vagina to cover the cervix.
    Inserted before the intercourse as a barrier.
    83% effective with spermicide.
    Used once then discarded 6 to 24 hours after.
  • Physical – IUD
    Instrument inserted into the uterus.
    Prevents implantation of a fertilized egg.
    98% to 99.4% effective.
    Used for up to 10 years then removed by a doctor under sterile conditions.
  • Chemical – Hormone pill injection
    Made of female sex hormones and are eaten or injected.
    Prevent ovulation or the release of eggs.
    99.5% effective.
    Taken daily.
  • Chemical – Spermicide
    Are chemicals and types include creams, jellies and foams.
    Kill sperms and inserted into vagina 15 to 30 minutes before the intercourse.
    79% effective, but can be used with other contraceptives.
  • Permanent - Vasectomy
    Minor surgical procedure where sperm ducts are tied and cut.
    After sterilisation, sperms cannot travel to the urethra. There are no side effects.
    Procedure is hard to reverse.
  • Permanent – Tubal Ligation
    Surgical procedure where fallopian tubes are tied cut.
    Prevents sperms from meeting eggs.
    Surgery to reverse ligation is not always effective.
  • STDs
    SECTION TWO
  • Gonorrhoea
  • Syphilis
  • AIDs
  • HIV passing
    From mother to child
    Through sharing of unclean needles by drug users
    Through contact with infected blood
    Through sexual contact
  • END