History Structured essay questions

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History Structured essay questions

  1. 1. STRUCTURED ESSAY QUESTIONS Steps, Format and Types
  2. 2. REQUIRED SKILLS 1. Steps to take 2. Format for Writing Paragraphs 3. Types of Questions
  3. 3. STEPS TO TAKE 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Read the essay question carefully. What are the key words in the question? What are the key issues in the essay title? What are your opinions on the matter? Plan you answer with opening points in each paragraph.
  4. 4. FORMAT OF WRITING PARAGRAPHS 1. Opening Point   2. Explanation and Example   3. Always answer the question at the beginning by stating your point of view Keep one point per paragraph Always write in small paragraphs Each point must be elaborated with an explanation and support it further with examples Link back to Question   Make a link to the question and the start and end of the composition Always write a well-thought conclusion at the end of the essay
  5. 5. TYPES OF QUESTIONS  Explanation Question Explain a given statement  No counter-examples are needed here  Worth 4 to 7 marks in the exam   Argument Question      Decide if a statement is true and to what extent is it true This means that counter-examples have to presented also Your stand has to be stated clearly to the examiner at the start of your essay However, do not contradict yourself Worth 7 to 8 marks in the exam
  6. 6. EXPLANATION QUESTION 1. Format for the Entire Essay 2. Example
  7. 7. FORMAT FOR THE ENTIRE ESSAY 1.  2.  Point paragraph 1 Link to question Point paragraph 2 Link to question
  8. 8. EXAMPLE – WHY DID JAPAN ATTACK SOUTHEAST ASIA? 1. To seek alternate sources of raw materials      Japan attacked Southeast Asia as she wanted to have an alternate supply of raw materials. Japan was not on good terms with the US because of Japan’s encroachment in China. Thus the US placed an embargo on Japan and so Japan was denied access to the US market to buy or sell any commodity. As a result Japan was in desperate need for raw materials and oil and thus Japan attacked Singapore. Southeast Asia was a good alternate supply of raw materials and oil and thus Japan attacked Southeast Asia.
  9. 9. EXAMPLE – WHY DID JAPAN ATTACK SOUTHEAST ASIA? 2. To establish an East-Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere     Secondly, Japan attacked Southeast Asia because she wanted to establish an East-Asia Co-prosperity Sphere. Japan wanted to establish an economic system whereby the Asians would have an economic sphere where all Asian states can trade and exchange goods and services. This was only for the Asians and Europeans will be excluded. Japan wanted Europeans to be driven out and also introduce the East-Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere.
  10. 10. ARGUMENT QUESTION 1. Format for the Entire Essay 2. Examples
  11. 11. FORMAT FOR THE ENTIRE ESSAY 1. 2. 3. 4. State your stand and your “counter-point”. Stand-agreeing point paragraphs “Counter-point” paragraph Balanced conclusion
  12. 12. EXAMPLE 1 – THE FALL OF SINGAPORE WAS A COMPLETE SUCCESS FOR THE JAPANESE. 1. Yes, the fall of Singapore a success for the Japanese to the extent that they defeated the British and terrified the Europeans. However, they were only successful from a military perspective.
  13. 13. EXAMPLE 1 – THE FALL OF SINGAPORE WAS A COMPLETE SUCCESS FOR THE JAPANESE. 2.  The Japanese managed to defeat the British.    Not only had they managed to defeat the British, but they had also destroyed the two famous battleships of the British, thereby asserting their superiority. They easily caused the British, Indian and Australian soldiers to retreat to Singapore. Also, most of the Europeans were so terrified that they ran away for their lives.  The British who had all along had been invincible in battle had been dealt a devastating blow by the Japanese in such quick time with minimal casualty.
  14. 14. EXAMPLE 1 – THE FALL OF SINGAPORE WAS A COMPLETE SUCCESS FOR THE JAPANESE. 3. However, they were only successful from a military perspective.   While the victory over Singapore was won, yet it was another matter in capturing the hearts and minds of people. The Japanese were feared and hated by the local people so much that they were secretly despised.
  15. 15. EXAMPLE 1 – THE FALL OF SINGAPORE WAS A COMPLETE SUCCESS FOR THE JAPANESE. 4. Conclusion   In conclusion, the fall of Singapore a complete success for the Japanese to the extent that they defeated the British and terrified the Europeans. Yet, they were only successful from a military perspective, as they did not win the hearts of the people.
  16. 16. EXAMPLE 2 – THE MOST IMPORTANT SOCIAL IMPACT THAT THE IMMIGRANTS HAD ON SINGAPORE WAS THE RISE IN CRIMES AND SOCIAL VICES. 1. Yes, the coming of the immigrants had led to an increase in crimes and social vices. However, another significant social impact the immigrants had on Singapore was acts of philanthropy.
  17. 17. EXAMPLE 2 – THE MOST IMPORTANT SOCIAL IMPACT THAT THE IMMIGRANTS HAD ON SINGAPORE WAS THE RISE IN CRIMES AND SOCIAL VICES. 2.  Abuse of coolies and slave trade    Coolies were cramped into ships and brought into Singapore. They were given rotting food and hardly any water. They were forced into hard labour with low-paying wages. Secret societies and opium smoking   Innocent young girls often became victims of secret societies and brothels. Fights and riots between secret societies were also rampant those days.
  18. 18. EXAMPLE 2 – THE MOST IMPORTANT SOCIAL IMPACT THAT THE IMMIGRANTS HAD ON SINGAPORE WAS THE RISE IN CRIMES AND SOCIAL VICES. 3. However, besides the impact of growth of Singapore as a trading centre, there were other social impacts such as acts of philanthropy by rich businessmen.   These businessmen from different ethnic groups saw the need to contribute to the well-being of the society and started kind acts such as building schools, hospitals and places of worship for their fellow countrymen. An example would be Tan Tock Seng. Such acts were important as they made lives of the immigrants more bearable and ensured that these immigrants were well taken care off so that they could continue to contribute to Singapore growth.
  19. 19. EXAMPLE 2 – THE MOST IMPORTANT SOCIAL IMPACT THAT THE IMMIGRANTS HAD ON SINGAPORE WAS THE RISE IN CRIMES AND SOCIAL VICES. 4. Conclusion   In conclusion, the most important impact of the coming of the immigrants was the growth of Singapore as a trading centre as it is due to their hard work that Singapore could continue to grow and this would benefit everyone. As for the acts of the philanthropists, some of these acts were given to specific ethnic groups only, hence the impact is not as great as the first.

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