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Fresh And Processed Foods

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  • 1. FRESH AND PROCESSED FOODS
    CHAPTER1
  • 2. Define fresh and processed foods and give examples from each category
    List the criteria for choosing fresh and processed foods
    Interpret information found on nutrition and food labels
    Plan nutritious dishes and meals by combining fresh and processed foods
    Study Scheme
  • 3. CONTENTS
    Meat
    Poultry
    Eggs
    Seafoods
    Fruits
    Vegetables
    Frozen food
    Canned food
    Ready-to-eat food
    Dehydrated food
    Define fresh and processed foods and give examples from each category
  • 4. 1. Meat – from animals
    Meat from Animals
    Sheep provide mutton
    Pigs provide pork
    Deer provide vension
  • 5. 1. Meat – cuts from animals
    Cuts of Meat from Lamb
    Shank meat and Leg meat from leg
    Cuts of Meat from Sheep
    Blade chop from shoulder (bbg)
    Loin chop (bgp)
    Sirloin chop from leg (gb)
    Rib chop (bgpr)
    Spare ribs from breast and fore shank (bbgr)
  • 6. 1. Meat – cuts from animals
    Cuts of Meat from Cow
    Pot roast from chuck (bsr)
    Back ribs(g)
    Brisket(bs)
    Ground beef from fore shank(bsb)
    T-bone steak from short loin(bg)
    Flank steak(bb)
    Sirloin steak(bgp)
    Rump roast from round(brs)
  • 7. 2. Poultry
    Refers to domesticated birds reared for their meat and eggs.
    Examples are chickens, ducks, turkeys, pigeons and geese.
    Poultry contains mainly proteins and some fats, vitamins, iron and phosphorus.
  • 8. 3. Eggs
    Eggs are a good source of necessary proteins but high in cholesterol and should be consumed every three days.
    Types of eggs include chicken, quails, ostriches and ducks.
    Fresh eggs have firm yolks and thick whites and the shell should be intact and free of dirt.
  • 9. 4. Seafoods – hierarchy
  • 10. 4. Seafoods – fin fish
    White fish
    contains little oily fat
    Cod
    Halibut
    Sea bass
    Pomfret
    Oily fish
    are high in omega-3 fatty acid
    Salmon
    Sardine
    Trout
    Herring
  • 11. 4. Seafoods – shell fish
    Crustaceans
    are covered with an external skeleton
    with two pairs of antennae
    Molluscs
    have soft flesh covered by shells
    Muscular feet
    Outer shells open up when cooked
  • 12. 4. Seafoods – shell fish
    Examples of Crustaceans
    Lobster
    Crab
    Crayfish
    Prawn
    Examples of Molluscs
    Oyster
    Mussel
    Scallop
    Squid
  • 13. 5. Fruits – types
  • 14. 5. Fruits
    Tropical fruits
    Fruits that grow in the tropics, that have tropical climates.
    Examples include Rambutans, Guavas, Bananas and Papayas.
    Citrus fruits
    Fruits that are high in Vitamin C.
    Examples include Oranges, Grapefruits, Lemon and Lime.
  • 15. 5. Fruits
    Melon fruits
    Fruits that have a tough outer rind and sweet tasting flesh.
    Examples include Watermelons, Honeydews and Rockmelons.
    Berries
    Fruits that develop from several overies in a flower.
    Examples include Raspberries and Blackberries.
  • 16. 5. Fruits
    Pomes
    Fruits that contain seeds in the centre.
    Examples include Apples and Pears.
    Stones / Drupes
    Fruits that contain one seed in the centre.
    Examples include Peaches, Plums and Cherries.
  • 17. 6. Vegetables – types
  • 18. 6. Vegetables – examples
    Tuber – Potato, Yam
    Bulb – Garlic, Onion
    Stem – Asparagus, Celery, Sugarcane
    Grain – Barley, Maize, Oats, Rice, Wheat
    Seed – Bean, Pea, Cashews, Peanut
    Flower – Broccoli, Cauliflower
    Leaf – Cabbage, Lettuce, Spinach
  • 19. 7. Frozen Foods
    Kept below freezing point to prevent bacteria from multiplying.
    Foods can be kept longer.
    Examples
    Ice cream
    Frozen peas
    Fish fingers
    Frozen chicken
  • 20. 8. Canned Foods
    Sealed and subjected to high temperatures.
    Can be kept for a long time.
    Examples
    Pickled vegetables
    Honey
    Baked beans
    Sauces
  • 21. 9. Ready-to-eat Foods
    Can be eaten straight from the packaging
    Examples
    Cereal
    Biscuits
    Milk
    Cheese
    Yogurt
  • 22. 10. Dehydrated Foods
    Liquid content is removed to prevent micro-organisms from reproducing.
    May require soaking before cooking
    Examples
    Instant noodles
    Instant coffee or tea
    Jelly crystals
  • 23. END