Fresh And Processed Foods

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Fresh And Processed Foods

  1. 1. FRESH AND PROCESSED FOODS<br />CHAPTER1<br />
  2. 2. Define fresh and processed foods and give examples from each category<br />List the criteria for choosing fresh and processed foods<br />Interpret information found on nutrition and food labels<br />Plan nutritious dishes and meals by combining fresh and processed foods<br />Study Scheme<br />
  3. 3. CONTENTS<br />Meat<br />Poultry<br />Eggs<br />Seafoods<br />Fruits<br />Vegetables<br />Frozen food<br />Canned food<br />Ready-to-eat food<br />Dehydrated food<br />Define fresh and processed foods and give examples from each category<br />
  4. 4. 1. Meat – from animals<br />Meat from Animals<br />Sheep provide mutton<br />Pigs provide pork<br />Deer provide vension<br />
  5. 5. 1. Meat – cuts from animals<br />Cuts of Meat from Lamb<br />Shank meat and Leg meat from leg<br />Cuts of Meat from Sheep<br />Blade chop from shoulder (bbg)<br />Loin chop (bgp)<br />Sirloin chop from leg (gb)<br />Rib chop (bgpr)<br />Spare ribs from breast and fore shank (bbgr)<br />
  6. 6. 1. Meat – cuts from animals<br />Cuts of Meat from Cow<br />Pot roast from chuck (bsr)<br />Back ribs(g)<br />Brisket(bs)<br />Ground beef from fore shank(bsb)<br />T-bone steak from short loin(bg)<br />Flank steak(bb)<br />Sirloin steak(bgp)<br />Rump roast from round(brs)<br />
  7. 7. 2. Poultry<br />Refers to domesticated birds reared for their meat and eggs.<br />Examples are chickens, ducks, turkeys, pigeons and geese.<br />Poultry contains mainly proteins and some fats, vitamins, iron and phosphorus.<br />
  8. 8. 3. Eggs<br />Eggs are a good source of necessary proteins but high in cholesterol and should be consumed every three days.<br />Types of eggs include chicken, quails, ostriches and ducks.<br />Fresh eggs have firm yolks and thick whites and the shell should be intact and free of dirt.<br />
  9. 9. 4. Seafoods – hierarchy<br />
  10. 10. 4. Seafoods – fin fish<br />White fish<br />contains little oily fat<br />Cod<br />Halibut<br />Sea bass<br />Pomfret<br />Oily fish <br />are high in omega-3 fatty acid<br />Salmon<br />Sardine<br />Trout<br />Herring<br />
  11. 11. 4. Seafoods – shell fish<br />Crustaceans <br />are covered with an external skeleton <br />with two pairs of antennae<br />Molluscs<br />have soft flesh covered by shells<br />Muscular feet<br />Outer shells open up when cooked<br />
  12. 12. 4. Seafoods – shell fish<br />Examples of Crustaceans <br />Lobster<br />Crab<br />Crayfish<br />Prawn<br />Examples of Molluscs<br />Oyster<br />Mussel<br />Scallop<br />Squid<br />
  13. 13. 5. Fruits – types <br />
  14. 14. 5. Fruits<br />Tropical fruits<br />Fruits that grow in the tropics, that have tropical climates.<br />Examples include Rambutans, Guavas, Bananas and Papayas.<br />Citrus fruits<br />Fruits that are high in Vitamin C.<br />Examples include Oranges, Grapefruits, Lemon and Lime.<br />
  15. 15. 5. Fruits<br />Melon fruits<br />Fruits that have a tough outer rind and sweet tasting flesh.<br />Examples include Watermelons, Honeydews and Rockmelons.<br />Berries<br />Fruits that develop from several overies in a flower.<br />Examples include Raspberries and Blackberries.<br />
  16. 16. 5. Fruits<br />Pomes<br />Fruits that contain seeds in the centre.<br />Examples include Apples and Pears.<br />Stones / Drupes<br />Fruits that contain one seed in the centre.<br />Examples include Peaches, Plums and Cherries.<br />
  17. 17. 6. Vegetables – types <br />
  18. 18. 6. Vegetables – examples<br />Tuber – Potato, Yam<br />Bulb – Garlic, Onion<br />Stem – Asparagus, Celery, Sugarcane<br />Grain – Barley, Maize, Oats, Rice, Wheat<br />Seed – Bean, Pea, Cashews, Peanut<br />Flower – Broccoli, Cauliflower<br />Leaf – Cabbage, Lettuce, Spinach<br />
  19. 19. 7. Frozen Foods <br />Kept below freezing point to prevent bacteria from multiplying.<br />Foods can be kept longer.<br />Examples<br />Ice cream<br />Frozen peas<br />Fish fingers<br />Frozen chicken<br />
  20. 20. 8. Canned Foods <br />Sealed and subjected to high temperatures.<br />Can be kept for a long time.<br />Examples<br />Pickled vegetables<br />Honey<br />Baked beans<br />Sauces<br />
  21. 21. 9. Ready-to-eat Foods<br />Can be eaten straight from the packaging<br />Examples<br />Cereal<br />Biscuits<br />Milk<br />Cheese<br />Yogurt<br />
  22. 22. 10. Dehydrated Foods<br />Liquid content is removed to prevent micro-organisms from reproducing.<br />May require soaking before cooking<br />Examples<br />Instant noodles<br />Instant coffee or tea<br />Jelly crystals<br />
  23. 23. END<br />

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