Possible Exam Question• Explain you philosophy of education in the light of one? author you have studied – You might like to introduce by stating what you presumed education to be about before you thought about it or studied it – You might incorporate what you have learned since about teaching and learning – You might contrast the ideal with the real in your experience – You might explain what you found attractive about the author you are presenting and what ideas in particular you would like to agree with and follow – You might summarise by charting the some elements of your own philosophy in the light of your reflections on your experience and your reading – You should ideally use the established thinker as a mirror and a model against whom you measure your own thinking.
A philosophy of education? See p. 17Constituted by a planfor deciding upon •Subject-matter (p. – Traditional 28) •Methods of instruction and discipline •Social organisation – Progressive of the school
Subject-matter• ‘The subject-matter of education consists of bodies of information and of skills that have been worked out in the past; therefore the chief business of the school is to transmit them to a new generation’ (p.17)• The place of subject-matter in experience...’Is there anything in inherent in experience which tends towards progressive organisation of its contents’ (p. 20)
Methods of discipline and instruction• ‘Since the subject-matter as well as standards of proper conduct are handed down from the past, the attitude of pupils must, upon the whole, be one of docility, receptivity, and obedience’ (p.18)• ‘To imposition from above is opposed expression and cultivation of individuality; to external discipline is opposed free activity; to learning from texts and teachers, learning through experience’ (p. 19)
School Organisation• ‘Let us say that the kind of external imposition which was so common in the traditional school limited rather than promoted the intellectual and moral development of the young’ (p.22)• ‘It is not too much to say that an educational philosophy which professes to be based on the idea of freedom may become as dogmatic as ever was ...traditional education’ (p.22)
what is my philosophy of education?• Key ideas: • Society: what is my vision for society? • How do I understand ‘for the good of the child’? • How do I understand knowledge: where it comes from? What is its texture? How is it kept alive? What is it for? Why do we need it?