Adolescence, schooling &identity: New & old contexts Old (back to 1950 & 1980) Local area only (incl family, community, school for some in 1950 for most 1980) New (2010+) Local area (as above) BUT Glocalisation via media (e.g. TV, new social media) Growth of: Music Sport (for both male & female) Technology (when innovations become appliances) Homes, bedrooms as multi-media hubs & multi- tasking P Conway, PDE @ UCC 1
Statistics on family (CSO,2008 Family size children in 1981-2006: 1 or 2 child families increase: 77% (1) & 31% (2) 4, 5 or 6 child families decrease: 59%, 79% & 89% Family configuration: Single/dual parent 17.6% in single parent families (187,000 or 1 of 6 in 2006), 86% headed by women P Conway, PDE @ UCC 3
Changing adolescents in achanging family systems More diverse family structures in Ireland (& other Western countries, Coleman, 2010) now than in past Parental work patterns (changing - boom to bust), blended families, smaller, more single parent households, separation & divorce Issues: Earlier “bio-psycho-social” maturity among adolescents, e.g. pressure to be more independent earlier (Feldman, 2008) Family boundaries & roles more changing blurred,e.g. adolescents as workers, online lives, access to money P Conway, PDE @ UCC 4
Wired youth: social world ofadolescents in information age "Its the cool thing to do. Its amazing how quickly it has taken off - a few months ago, no one had heard of it but now, its a bit weird if you havent got a page on Bebo." (Dublin teenager, 2006) In 2006, Ireland had highest uptake of Bebo globally among adolescents P Conway, PDE @ UCC 7
Digital life & families More than one thing at a time Multi-tasking Knowers - digital natives status of computer & knowledge about digital tools & family hierarchy “When I took office, only high energy physicists had ever heard of the WWW…Now even my cat has its own page” (Bill Clinton, 1996) Family boundaries Home as ‘safe’, ‘danger’ on the street? Expectation gaps Using for HW or….?? P Conway, PDE @ UCC 9
Growing up digital I “Children are the epicentre of the information revolution, ground zero of the digital world” (Katz, 1997) Issues Self, other & identity: Who? Identity-work: ‘birds of a feather’ Face-to-face & virtual lives e.g. second self, Turkle, 1994 Digital natives & immigrants (Tapscott, 1998) Time: How long? Technology 20+ hrs/p/wk + multi-tasking P Conway, PDE @ UCC 11
Growing up Digital II Issues Place & Space: Where? In homes (3 modes): ‘children’s machine’, ‘interloper’ & ‘heart of the family’ On-line/off-line links, e.g. “facebook effect” What? “New patterns of communication, expression & motivation” (Mesch & Talmud, 2010) “The internet is becoming the town square for the global village of tomorrow” (Bill Gates) Web 2.0 from consumers to producers, e.g use of YouTube, new social media P Conway, PDE @ UCC 12
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