Cultural Dynamics


Published on

Published in: Technology, Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Cultural Dynamics

  1. 1. pdeed6306Cultural dynamics External dynamics Internal dynamics
  2. 2. Organic dynamics Dr F.Long, Education UCC Absorbtion or Rejection?
  3. 3. Accomodation or assimilation? Dr F.Long, Education UCC = =
  4. 4. Midnapore Dr F.Long, Education Mutus - mute Tetrapedes – four legged Hirsutus - hairy Linnaeus, 1748 Java Man (reconstruction)
  5. 5. Buchenwald: ‘Human’ parts for sale? Dr F.Long, Education
  6. 6. Simple Tools Dr F.Long, Education In conversation with Professor Volker Sommer, Anthropology University of London Chimp tools Source accessed 30/06/2010
  7. 7. <ul><li>Humans like wolves </li></ul><ul><li>Chimps like humans </li></ul>Dr F.Long, Education Amala and Kamala Chimp funeral Uganda 2009
  8. 8. Quotes <ul><li>“ The mere inability to understand the expression, movements and rituals of a strange culture creates distrust, suspicion, and fear in a way which can easily lead to overt aggression” (Lorenz, 1975, 149) </li></ul>Dr F.Long, Education
  9. 9. Assimilation to ‘human’ race <ul><li>Gk. phylon &quot;race, stock,&quot; related to phyle &quot;tribe, clan,&quot; and phylein &quot;bring forth“ giving phyletic and phylogenetic </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Oxana Malaya 1996
  10. 10. Tibet 1949-1979 <ul><li>1.2 million killed </li></ul><ul><li>6,254 monasteries and nunneries destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>60% libraries burned </li></ul><ul><li>2/3 land absorbed into China </li></ul><ul><li>Amdo province turned into an open prison </li></ul><ul><li>100,000 in labour camps </li></ul><ul><li>Entire wildlife wiped out </li></ul>Dr F.Long, Education UCC Mary Craig, Tears of Blood , p.222                                  
  11. 11. Aztek (16 century) <ul><li>1519 – estimated 25,200,000 </li></ul><ul><li>1532 – estimated 16,800,000 </li></ul><ul><li>1548 – estimated 6,650,000 </li></ul><ul><li>1563 – estimated 2,650,000 </li></ul><ul><li>1605 –estimated 1,075,000 </li></ul>Dr F.Long, Education UCC Source : Jucquois who gives Chaunu, Conqu ê te et exploitation des Nouveaux Mondes , Paris: 383
  12. 12. Armenians- southern Turkey <ul><li>Sultan Abdul Hamid (Abdulhamit) II (1876-1909), massacred up to 300,000 Armenians </li></ul><ul><li>By 1915 – population stood at about 2 million </li></ul><ul><li>1918 – 1 million </li></ul><ul><li>1923 - almost eliminated from territory </li></ul><ul><li>1990s destruction of artefacts and churches </li></ul>Dr F.Long, Education UCC
  13. 13. Dying to be different? <ul><li>Enawane-nawe, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Brazilian government about to dam up the river </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptation, association, ideology? </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>“ Culture groups behave toward one another in many respects as do different but very closely related animal species” (Lorenz, 1988. The Waning of Humaneness (London: Unwin) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Internal Dynamics Adjustment and Growth Mature Encounter Initiation Culture
  16. 16. Effects of Encounter <ul><li>Within a culture: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enculturation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When cultures meet: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deculturation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When cultures meet: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Acculturation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When educated to live in a plurality of cultures: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inculturation </li></ul></ul>Dr F.Long, Education UCC
  17. 17. Patterns of encounter <ul><li>How can cultural relations be improved? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assimilation (melting-pot) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Populism (Leave alone) (laissez-faire) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Salad bowl or mosaic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intervene </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mediate? </li></ul></ul></ul>Dr F.Long, Education UCC
  18. 18. Multiculturalism – a layered reality? <ul><li>Learned behaviours? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evolutionary or phylogenetic ( over millenia) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Historical (group history going back over centuries) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biographical ( ontogenetic ) – the individual learns by combining natural development with information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Microgenetic, from moment to moment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adapted from Tharp (1994) Research Issues and Policy Knowledge in Cultural Diversity and Education as accessed 13/09/2010 </li></ul></ul>Dr F.Long, School of Education UCC