Cultural Dynamics

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Cultural Dynamics

  1. 1. pdeed6306Cultural dynamics External dynamics Internal dynamics
  2. 2. Organic dynamics Dr F.Long, Education UCC Absorbtion or Rejection?
  3. 3. Accomodation or assimilation? Dr F.Long, Education UCC = =
  4. 4. Midnapore Dr F.Long, Education Mutus - mute Tetrapedes – four legged Hirsutus - hairy Linnaeus, 1748 Java Man (reconstruction)
  5. 5. Buchenwald: ‘Human’ parts for sale? Dr F.Long, Education
  6. 6. Simple Tools Dr F.Long, Education In conversation with Professor Volker Sommer, Anthropology University of London Chimp tools Source http://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tool accessed 30/06/2010
  7. 7. <ul><li>Humans like wolves </li></ul><ul><li>Chimps like humans </li></ul>Dr F.Long, Education Amala and Kamala Chimp funeral Uganda 2009
  8. 8. Quotes <ul><li>“ The mere inability to understand the expression, movements and rituals of a strange culture creates distrust, suspicion, and fear in a way which can easily lead to overt aggression” (Lorenz, 1975, 149) </li></ul>Dr F.Long, Education
  9. 9. Assimilation to ‘human’ race <ul><li>Gk. phylon &quot;race, stock,&quot; related to phyle &quot;tribe, clan,&quot; and phylein &quot;bring forth“ giving phyletic and phylogenetic </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ljVd6XS-J0s&feature=player_detailpage </li></ul>Oxana Malaya 1996
  10. 10. Tibet 1949-1979 <ul><li>1.2 million killed </li></ul><ul><li>6,254 monasteries and nunneries destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>60% libraries burned </li></ul><ul><li>2/3 land absorbed into China </li></ul><ul><li>Amdo province turned into an open prison </li></ul><ul><li>100,000 in labour camps </li></ul><ul><li>Entire wildlife wiped out </li></ul>Dr F.Long, Education UCC Mary Craig, Tears of Blood , p.222                                  
  11. 11. Aztek (16 century) <ul><li>1519 – estimated 25,200,000 </li></ul><ul><li>1532 – estimated 16,800,000 </li></ul><ul><li>1548 – estimated 6,650,000 </li></ul><ul><li>1563 – estimated 2,650,000 </li></ul><ul><li>1605 –estimated 1,075,000 </li></ul>Dr F.Long, Education UCC Source : Jucquois who gives Chaunu, Conqu ê te et exploitation des Nouveaux Mondes , Paris: 383
  12. 12. Armenians- southern Turkey <ul><li>Sultan Abdul Hamid (Abdulhamit) II (1876-1909), massacred up to 300,000 Armenians </li></ul><ul><li>By 1915 – population stood at about 2 million </li></ul><ul><li>1918 – 1 million </li></ul><ul><li>1923 - almost eliminated from territory </li></ul><ul><li>1990s destruction of artefacts and churches </li></ul>Dr F.Long, Education UCC
  13. 13. Dying to be different? <ul><li>Enawane-nawe, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Brazilian government about to dam up the river </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptation, association, ideology? </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>“ Culture groups behave toward one another in many respects as do different but very closely related animal species” (Lorenz, 1988. The Waning of Humaneness (London: Unwin) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Internal Dynamics Adjustment and Growth Mature Encounter Initiation Culture
  16. 16. Effects of Encounter <ul><li>Within a culture: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enculturation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When cultures meet: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deculturation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When cultures meet: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Acculturation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When educated to live in a plurality of cultures: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inculturation </li></ul></ul>Dr F.Long, Education UCC
  17. 17. Patterns of encounter <ul><li>How can cultural relations be improved? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assimilation (melting-pot) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Populism (Leave alone) (laissez-faire) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Salad bowl or mosaic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intervene </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mediate? </li></ul></ul></ul>Dr F.Long, Education UCC
  18. 18. Multiculturalism – a layered reality? <ul><li>Learned behaviours? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evolutionary or phylogenetic ( over millenia) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Historical (group history going back over centuries) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biographical ( ontogenetic ) – the individual learns by combining natural development with information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Microgenetic, from moment to moment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adapted from Tharp (1994) Research Issues and Policy Knowledge in Cultural Diversity and Education www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/educatrs/presrvce/pe3lk1.htm as accessed 13/09/2010 </li></ul></ul>Dr F.Long, School of Education UCC

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