Androidis a Linux-based operating system for mobile devices such as smart phones and tablet computers, developed by Google in conjunction with the Open Handset Alliance.
• was initially developed by Android Inc, whom Google financially backed and later purchased in 2005.• Google releases the Android code as open- source, under the Apache License.• The Android Open Source Project (AOSP) is tasked with the maintenance and further development of Android.
Android, Inc. was founded in Palo Alto, California, United States in October 2003 by• Andy Rubin - co-founder of Danger• Rich Miner - co-founder of Wildfire Communications, Inc.• Nick Sears- once VP at T-Mobile• Chris White- headed design and interface development at WebTV.
• Steve Perlman, a close friend of Rubin,brought him $10,000 in cash in an envelopeand refused a stake in the company.
DesignAndroid consists of:• a kernel based on the Linux kernel 2.6 andLinux Kernel 3.x (Android 4.0 onwards)with middleware, libraries and APIs writtenin C.• application software running on an applicationframework which includes Java-compatiblelibraries based on Apache Harmony.
The main hardware platform for Android is the ARM architecture.There is support for x86 from the Androidx86 project, and Google TV uses a specialx86 version of Android.
• Designed primarily forsmartphones and tablets,the open andcustomizable nature ofthe operating systemallows it to be used onother electronics,including laptopsand netbooks, smartbooks,ebook readers, and smartTVs (Google TV).
The first commercially available phone torun Android was the HTC Dream, releasedon October 22, 2008.
Android PhonesAndroid phones come in a variety of forms and flavors. Here are the best smartphones running Googles innovative mobile platform.
HTC One SThe HTC One S is the ultimate multimediaphone, from gaming to music to snappinghigh quality photos.
Samsung Galaxy NexusThe best Android phone to date, the GalaxyNexus dazzles with its curved display, sleekdesign, fast performance, and, of course,the Ice Cream Sandwich update.
HTC RezoundIf you can deal with subpar battery life, theHTC Rezound is an excellent phone thatwont feel outdated anytime soon.
T-Mobile MyTouch 4G SlideThe MyTouch 4G Slide has one of the bestcameras weve ever tested--and the rest ofthe phone is pretty amazing as well.
Motorola DROID RAZR MAXXThe Droid Razr Maxx packs in a dual-core processor, large battery and LTE ina very thin frame.