Consequences Of Conflict In Sri Lanka


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Consequences Of Conflict In Sri Lanka

  1. 1. Consequences of Conflict in Sri Lanka
  2. 2. <ul><li>From the Tamil Perspective: </li></ul><ul><li>Unfairness/Injustice </li></ul><ul><li>Sinhalese majority has been insensitive </li></ul>Issues of Contention POLITICAL SOCIAL ECONOMIC
  3. 3. Political Consequences <ul><li>ARMED CONFLICT: Resort to violence </li></ul><ul><li>Tamils felt discriminated . </li></ul><ul><li>When the unhappiness started in 1950s, Tamils demonstrated peacefully, asking for equal treatment. </li></ul><ul><li>A political party, The Federal Party wanted Sri Lanka to be a federation , Tamil areas to be self-governing . </li></ul>
  4. 5. Political Consequences <ul><li>ARMED CONFLICT: Resort to violence </li></ul><ul><li>However, nothing was done and in 1976, Tamil United Liberation Front emerged asking for separate state to ensure their rights. </li></ul><ul><li>Ideas was rejected by Sri Lankan govt. </li></ul><ul><li>Tamils became angry , groups like the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) emerged. </li></ul><ul><li>This group promotes use of violence because they believed that that’s the only they themselves can take care of the problem. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Political Consequence <ul><li>FOREIGN INTERVENTION: India </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict attracted India’s attention . </li></ul><ul><li>Offered be a mediator for them. </li></ul><ul><li>Intervened by: (a) Sending Indian troops into Sri Lanka (b) Hosting dialogues between the 2 parties </li></ul><ul><li>This results in a loss of sovereignty . This means that Sri Lankan government no longer has total control over their own country. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Political Consequence <ul><li>FOREIGN INTERVENTION: India </li></ul><ul><li>Example for (a) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When India forced the Tamil Tigers to have peace in 1987 by giving up their weapons , the TT refused and the Indian ’peacekeeping’ troops took them by force, clashing with the locals, bringing more violence . They eventually withdrew in 1990. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example for (b) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indian government pressured Sri Lanka to sign a peace accord in 1987. As this was not an initiative of the Sri Lankans, it did not work out. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. Economic Consequences <ul><li>UNEMPLOYMENT: Disruption of local economy </li></ul><ul><li>When the riots and fighting broke out, there was massive unemployment </li></ul><ul><li>Factory workers, self-employed people , plantation workers all lost their jobs. </li></ul><ul><li>Those who became jobless became bored and unhappy , they began rioting , burning down and looting their places of work, making it even more difficult for them to eventually regain their jobs. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Economic Consequences <ul><li>LOSS OF INVESTMENT FROM OTHER COUNTRIES: No confidence in Sri Lanka </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign investments are essential for a country’s growth. </li></ul><ul><li>Due to the violence and conflict in Sri Lanka, investors are often afraid to go in for fear that they make a loss or endanger their lives. </li></ul><ul><li>Without foreign investment , Sri Lanka’s economy will not grow , without growth , there can be no economic prosperity , people will still be poor and jobless . Their standard of living will remain bad and they will have no incentive to stop fighting. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Economic Consequences <ul><li>FALL IN NO. OF TOURIST: No tourist revenue </li></ul><ul><li>Sri Lanka has great potential to earn through tourism because of it’s cultural heritage and beautiful landscape . </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism can bring large amt of wealth , revenue made from local merchandise , services provided from hotel industries . </li></ul><ul><li>With conflict however, no revenue can be made. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Social Consequences <ul><li>TAMILS DRIVEN OUT OF THEIR HOMELAND: Becoming refugees </li></ul><ul><li>With the 1983 riots, 1000 s of Tamils fled to Tamil Nadu. About 65,000 of them continue to live in refugee camps in India today. </li></ul><ul><li>Within the country, many Tamils flee from their houses when the Sri Lankan army set up High Security Zones (HSZ) to keep the LTTE away. Eg: In 1995, when a HSZ was set up in Jaffna , a Tamil dominated region, many of them feared for their lives and fled out of the area. They now live in overcrowded conditions in refugee camps or with relatives . </li></ul>
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