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Sec 2 HISTORY chapter 7 part 1 (2010)

Sec 2 HISTORY chapter 7 part 1 (2010)



Chapter 7 - How Did the Local People Respond to British Rule After World War II

Chapter 7 - How Did the Local People Respond to British Rule After World War II



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    Sec 2 HISTORY chapter 7 part 1 (2010) Sec 2 HISTORY chapter 7 part 1 (2010) Presentation Transcript

    • How did The Local People Respond to British rule After World War II ?
    • Learning Outcomes
      • At the end of this chapter you will learn about:
        • response of the local people to British rule
        • Steps taken by the British government to prepare Singapore for limited self-government
    • Post-War Conditions in Singapore
      • World War II ended with the defeat of Japan .
      • The Japanese surrendered on 15 th August 1945.
    • Post-War Conditions in Singapore
      • On 5 th September 1945 , the British troops returned to Singapore.
      • On 12 th September 1945 , a grand victory parade was held at the Padang to celebrate the Japanese surrender in Singapore.
    • The raising of the Union Jack at the Padang The British Flag was raised again in 1945 in Singapore after 3 ½ years.
    • Let Us Ponder?
      • Why did the local people celebrate and welcome the return of the British troops to Singapore?
      • Do you think the feeling of jubilation among the local people lasted for long? Why?
    • The return of the British to Singapore = Peace
    • BUT the people were still not free from hardship
    • Post-War Conditions in Singapore
    • Post-War Problems in Singapore
      • Jobless
      • Poverty
      • Shortage of food , water, electricity and housing
      • People lived in slum conditions
      • Diseases were common
      • Poor sanitation
      • Lack of health services
    • Post-War Singapore
      • The difficult living conditions made the local people very unhappy .
      • After 1945, there were waves of strikes and work stoppages by thousands of workers.
    • Post-War Singapore
      • Strikes took place so often in 1947 that the year was known as ‘The Year of Strikes’.
        • More than 300 strikes by almost 70, 000 workers were held in the year alone .
      • How do you think this would affect Singapore?
    • Post-War Singapore
      • The strikes became worse with the involvement of the Malayan Communist Party (MCP) .
        • The Communists stirred up people’s feelings against the British through trade unions.
        • They blamed the British for all the post-war problems.
        • They encouraged workers to join Communist-controlled trade unions to fight for better working conditions and higher pay.
    • How did the British Respond?
      • The British government passed laws to control trade unions
        • From 1947 onwards, all unions had to register with the government.
        • This meant that the British can now monitor membership to the trade unions and ensure that money was not used for Communist-led activities.
    • Change in Political Attitude of the Local People
      • A group of local people emerged who began to think about the future of Singapore
        • Their attitude towards the British government had changed since the Japanese Occupation.
        • Their attitude was also influenced by external events
          • Many countries around the world that were under colonial rule had gained independence
    • All these made the local people want to govern themselves. They want to have a hand in shaping their own fate.
    • British Response?
      • The British had no intention to give up complete control over Singapore.
      • To win the support of the people, the British decided to introduce gradual change .
    • British Response?
      • In 1948 – elections were introduced for the first time
        • British allowed some locals to be elected into the Legislative Council
      • The conduct of elections is an important feature of democracy .
    • 1948 Elections
      • Low-key event
        • Only 13, 800 people turned up to vote in the election out of the population of 940, 000
      • WHY?
        • Many people were not eligible to vote
        • The British only allowed those who were born in Singapore to vote.
        • Voting was also not made compulsory .
    • 1948 Elections
      • Only the Singapore Progressive Party (SPP) contested in the 1948 election.
      • SPP won 3 out of the 6 elected seats in the Legislative Council.
        • The other 3 seats were won by Independents.
    • Singapore Progressive Party
      • In the Legislative Council, the SPP worked closely with the British government
        • The party fought for equal treatment for both local and European civil servants
        • SPP introduced proposals to provide financial security for workers in their retirement or for those are no longer able to work.
    • Singapore Progressive Party
      • The SPP was not popular with the Chinese-educated locals
      • WHY?
        • The party was made up of English-educated members
        • It was pro-British and believed in gradual self-government
        • It did not press the British government for more changes