IntermediateJapanese LanguageLunch-time sessions at PCC By Peter Missen Session 5 Sports
Objectives for this sessionSumoOther sportsUseful sentences to do with EnglishGrammar koto gaCulture – Japanese holidays Sept & OctCounters Flat thingsMore Katakana
Japanese Sport – Sumosumou 相撲 Sumo(2 Kanji: a look + hit/strike)The sport people think of when asked about Japanese sports.According to Japanese legend the very origin of the Japanese race depended on the outcome of a sumo match. The supremacy of the Japanese people on the islands of Japan was supposedly established when the god, Take-Mikazuchi, won a sumo bout with the leader of a rival tribe.Apart from legend, however, sumo is an ancient sport dating back some 1500 years.
Japanese Sport – SumoA military dictatorship was established in Kamakura in 1192 and a long period of intense warfare ensued. Sumo, quite naturally, was regarded chiefly for its military usefulness and as a means of increasing the efficiency of the fighting men.Later in the hands of the samurai, jujitsu was developed as an offshoot of sumo. Peace was finally restored when the different warring factions were united under the Tokugawa Shogunate in 1603. A period of prosperity followed, marked by the rise to power of the new mercantile classes.Professional sumo groups were organized to entertain the rapidly expanding plebian class and sumo came into its own as the national sport of Japan. The present Japan Sumo Association has its origins in these groups first formed in the Edo Period.
Japanese Sport – SumoThe first sumo matches were a form of ritual dedicated to the gods with prayers for a bountiful harvest and were performed together with sacred dancing and dramas within the precincts of the shrines.Sumo was introduced into the ceremonies of the Imperial Court during the Nara Period in the 8th Century. A wrestling festival was held annually which included music and dancing in which the victorious wrestlers participated.Early sumo was a rough-and-tumble affair combining elements of boxing and wrestling with few or no holds barred. But under the continued patronage of the Imperial Court rules were formulated and techniques developed so that it came more nearly to resemble the sumo of today.
Japanese Sport – SumoA sumo bout is won by forcing the opponent out of the inner circle or throwing him in the dohyo. To lose the match it is not necessary to fall in the circle or to be pushed completely out.The player who touches the ground with any part of his body, his knee or even the tip of his finger or his top-knot, loses the match. Or he need only put one toe or his heel over the straw bales marking the circle.Striking with fists, hair pulling, eye gouging, choking and kicking in the stomach or chest are prohibited. It is also against the rules to seize the part of the band covering the vital organs.As there are no weight limits as in boxing or western wrestling it is possible for a player to find himself pitted against an opponent twice his own weight.
Other Sportssakka- サッカー FootballFootball is popular in Japan with the J league.Japan won the recent Asian Cup held in Jan 2011.(beating Australia in the final)yakyuu 野球 BaseballBaseball is big in Japan with a pro league.supo-tsu スポーツ generic term for sports.gorufu ゴルフ Golf – popular with businessmen,quite an expensive pastime in Japan!
Useful sentences - questionkore wa これはnihongo de 日本語でnan 何desu ka. ですか。What is this in Japanese?
Useful sentences - question[anata wa] [ あなたは ]eigo 英語w(o) をhanashimasu ka. 話しますか。Do you speak English?hanashimasu = to speak (polite form)
Useful sentences – possible repliesiie, hanashimasen.いいえ , 話しません。no, I do not speak.sukoshi hanashimasu.少 話します。I speak a little.hai, hanashimasu.はい , 話します。yes, I speak.
Useful sentenceskore wa これはeigo de 英語でnan 何desu ka. ですか。What is this in English?
Useful sentences – speak slowly!yukkuri hanashite kudasaiゆっくり話して下さい 。Please speak slowly.yukkuri = slowlyhanashite = te form of the verb to speak
Useful sentences – request repeatmou ichido onegaishimasu.もう一度おねがいしまう 。Once more please.mou ichido itte kudasai.もう一度言って下さい。Please say once more.
Grammar – koto gakoto ga ことが nominalises a verb.This allows you to use a verb in the middle of a sentence.The plain form of the verb has to be used. We’ve only seen polite forms of Japanese verbs so far!
koto ga example - question[anata wa] [ あなたは ]eigo 英語w(o) をhanasu koto ga 話すことがdekimasu ka. できますか。
Useful sentences - questionDo you have the skill of speaking English?hanasu = to speak (plain form)koto ga nominalises the verbdekimasu = to have the skill (polite form)
Culture section – holidays & festivalsSeptember and October National holidays:Third Monday of September.Respect for the Aged Day (keiro no hi):Respect for the elderly and longevity are celebrated on this national holiday.A national holiday since 1966, this used to be held on September 15th but from the beginning of 2003, Respect for the Aged Day has been held on the third Monday of September due to the Happy Monday System.Each year Japanese media take the opportunity to feature the elderly, reporting on the population, and highlighting the oldest people in the country.
Culture section – holidays & festivalsSeptember and October National holidays:Around September 22nd / 23rd. Autumn Equinox Day (shubun no hi):Graves are visited during the week of the Equinox Day.The date of the holiday is not declared official until February of the previous year.Autumnal Equinox Day became a public holiday on 1948.
Culture section – holidays & festivalsSeptember and October National holidays:Second Monday of October.Health and Sports Day (taiiku no hi): This holiday commemorates the opening of the 1964 Summer Olympic games that were held in Tokyo, and exists to promote sports and an active lifestyle.
More Katakanakya kyu kyo キャ キュ キョgya gyu gyo ギャ ギュ ギョsha shu sho シャ シュ ショ ja ju jo ジャ ジュ ジョcha chu cho チャ チュ チョ ja ju jo ヂャ ヂュ ヂョnya nyu nyo ニャ ニュ ニョhya hyu hyo ヒャ ヒュ ヒョbya byu byo ビャ ビュ ビョpya pyu pyo ピャ ピュ ピョmya myu myo ミャ ミュ ミョ rya ryu ryo リャ リュ リョ
Outside the classroomCommunities of Practice for Public ServiceLanguage Learning & Development – Portsmouth City Council.It’s for all of us to use…Any feedback?Japanese word processorDid anyone try this yet?Internet sitesDid anyone find any cool sites?
HomeworkNothing compulsorySuggestions – Work on making a few sentences – Great if you can practice with a colleague