IntermediateJapanese LanguageLunch-time sessions at PCC By Peter Missen Session 3 Shopping
Objectives for this sessionShoppingShop namesGrammar with particle polite requestCulture – Japanese holidays May Golden weekCountersMore katakanaCommunities of Practice for Public Service
ShoppingThe Japanese love to shop!Their professional salaries are generally higher than the UK and prices reflect this!Electrical consumer goods tend to be good value but the user guides are in Japanese!
ShoppingJapan is a shoppers paradise, offering everything from high-tech gadgetry and electronics to traditional arts and crafts.Large department stores, specialty shops, fashion boutiques, hotel arcades, and shopping centres abound.Popular buys include cameras, watches, hi-fi equipment, silk goods, lacquer ware, Japanese dolls, and woodblock prints.
ShoppingDuty-free shopping is only available in Japans international airports but tax-free shopping is possible in urban centres at authorised tax-free stores.In these stores, purchases of over ¥10,000 on selected items are exempt from Japans 5% Consumption Tax but it is worth comparing prices at discount stores and bargain markets before you buy.
Shop namesForeign types of shop:depa-to デパート Department storesu-pa- スーパー Supermarketbukkushoppu ブックショップ bookshop
Shop names - Traditional shopsPut “ya” 屋 after the name of the item being sold to make the shop type. 屋 = shopnikuya 肉屋 Butchersakanaya 魚屋 Fishmongerkusuriya 薬屋 Pharmacy. kusuri = medicinehanaya 花屋 Florist. hana = flowerpanya パン屋 bakers. pan = bread
Grammar – with particleto と = withAdd the particle to the entity you are withSome examples:tomodachi to友達 と with friend.kazoku to家族と with family.
With particle - sentencewatashi wa 私はkinou 昨日kazoku to 家族とnihon e 日本へkimashita. 来ました。
With particle - sentenceYesterday I came to Japan with my family.kimashita = past tense of to come (came)
With particle - sentencewatashi wa 私はashita 明日tomodachi to 友達 とtakushi- de タクシーでrondon e ロンドンへeiga (w)o mimasu. 映画を見ます。
With particle - sentenceTomorrow I’m going to London with a friend by taxi to watch a film.eiga = film (movie)(2 kanji: reflect + picture)mimasu = polite form of verb to watch
Grammar – ~te kudasaiThe “~te” form of a Japanese verb is present continuous.In English the “~ing” formKudasai = please.Adding kudasai to the “~te” form of a verb makes a “polite request”
Shopping sentencessono kamera (w)o misette kudasai.その カメラを見せてください。Please show me that camera.kore (w)o kudasaiこれをください。I’ll take it. (literally this please)
Culture section – holidays & festivalsMay and June National holidays:No holidays in June but the month of May more than makes up for this with the Golden week.Trains, airports, and sightseeing spots get very crowded during Golden WeekTourist accommodation can get booked up well in advance.
Culture section – holidays & festivalsMay and June National holidays:May 3rd Constitution Day (kenpo kinenbi): A national holiday remembering the new constitution, which was passed on November 3rd 1946 and went into effect on May 3rd 1947. The new constitution replaced the old Meiji constitution of 1889.Japanese laws are discussed and passed by their Parliament (Diet).
Culture section – holidays & festivalsMay and June National holidays:May 4th Greenery Day (midori no hi): Until 2006, Greenery Day was celebrated on April 29th, the former Emperor Showas birthday, due to the emperors love for plants and nature.Before being declared Greenery Day, May 4th used to be a national holiday due to a law, which declares a day that falls between two national holidays, is itself a national holiday.
Culture section – holidays & festivalsMay and June National holidays:May 5th Childrens Day (kodomo no hi): Also called boys festival.Families pray for the health and future success of their sons by hanging up carp streamers and displaying samurai dolls, both symbolizing strength, power, and success in life.
Culture section – holidays & festivals May and June Non-national holidays: No non-national holidays in this time period. They need to recover from Golden week first!
Counting - another set of numbers The first 10 numbers in Japanese counting are irregular. From 11 onwards the numbers you already know kick in. 1 = hitotsu ひとつ2 = futatsu ふたつ3 = mittsu みっつ4 = yottsu よっつ5 = itsutsu いつつ6 = muttsu むっつ7 = nanatsu ななつ8 = yattsu やっつ9 = kokonotsu ここのつ10 = tou とう11 = juuichi じゅういち12 = juuni… じゅうに
More katakana Ro-maji: Katakana:ga gi gu ge go ガ ギ グ ゲ ゴza ji zu ze zo ザ ジ ズ ゼ ゾda ji zu de do ダ ヂ ヅ デ ドba bi bu be bo バ ビ ブ ベ ボpa pi pu pe po パ ピ プ ペ ポ
Communities of Practice for Public Service Language Learning & Development - Portsmouth City Council. Our community is up and running. It’s for all of us to use… At the weekend there were 36 members
HomeworkNothing compulsorySuggestions – Work on making a few sentences – Great if you can practice with a colleague