Basics of the japanese language session 2 v5

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A lunch time session for officers at Portsmouth City Council

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Basics of the japanese language session 2 v5

  1. 1. Basics of theJapanese Language Lunch-time sessions at PCC By Peter Missen Session 2 Greetings
  2. 2. Previous sessionAny questions about the previous session?Any items to share?
  3. 3. Recap of previous sessionwatashi wa “name” desu.kore/sore/are wa “thing” desu.kore/sore/are wa nan desu ka.
  4. 4. Objectives for this sessionCommon greetings – Openings – Closings – PolitenessA few common wordsGrammar to show possessionFormal introduction of yourself
  5. 5. Common Greetingsohayou gozaimasu – Good morningお早うございます。(kanji: early)ohayou – Morningお早う。
  6. 6. Common Greetingskonnichiwa – Good afternoon/general hello今日は。 (2 kanji: now + day.)Often written in hiragana only こんにち は
  7. 7. Common Greetingskonbanwa - Good evening今晩は。(2 kanji: now + evening.)Often written in hiragana onlyこんばんは
  8. 8. Common Greetingsmoshi moshi - Hello(used on the phone to answer a call)申 申(kanji: say/talk about/tell)
  9. 9. Common openerogenki desu ka. - How are you?お元気ですか。o- shows honourgenki(2 kanji: source/cause + feelings/spirit)
  10. 10. Common replyhai, genki desu. - I am fine.はい、元気です。hai = yes.
  11. 11. Common Closingsoyasumi nasai. - Good nightお休みなさい。(kanji: sleep/rest/holiday)sayounara. - Good byeさようなら。
  12. 12. Common Closingsdewa mata/ja mata. - See youではまた/じゃまた。 (dewa is more polite than ja)again the ha hiragana is used for wa.
  13. 13. Common politenessdoumo arigatou gozaimasu.Thank you very much.どうも有り難うございます。(2 kanji: happen + difficult/tough)doumo/arigatou. - Thanks
  14. 14. Common politenessdouitashimashite.Youre welcomeどういたしまして。
  15. 15. Common politenessgomen nasai. – Sorry御免なさい。(2kanji: honorific + exempt)shitsurei shimasu. - Excuse me (Im sorry)失礼します。(2kanji: lose + gratitude)
  16. 16. Common politenesssumimasen.Excuse me済みません。(kanji: finish/end/conclude/settle)
  17. 17. Common wordskampai. = Cheers (when drinking).かんぱいhai = yesはいiie = noいいえ
  18. 18. Grammar - possession particlewatashi no namae wa pi-ta- desu. My name is Peter.私の名前はピーターです。Now, lets break that sentence up...watashi = meno = possession (’s in English)namae = name (2 kanji: name + before)wa = topic markerpi-ta- = Peter (using katakana sounds)desu = is/are/am (used at the end of a sentence)
  19. 19. Grammar - possessionanata no onamae wa nan desu ka.What is your name?あなたのお名前は何ですか。anata = youonamae = honorable name (o before the word shows honour)
  20. 20. Formal greeting “sandwich”hajimemashite - How do you do?(Said the first time you meet someone)はじめまして。blah blah blah – information about yourself.douzo yoroshiku - Nice to meet you.どうぞよろしく。
  21. 21. Example “sandwich” in ro-majihajimemashite.[watashi wa] pi-ta- desu. [ ] words are optionaligirisu jin desu.PCC no shain desu.
  22. 22. Example “sandwich” translations igirisu = English in katakana jin = person no = possession (“of” if read backwards) shain = company worker (2 kanji: company + member)
  23. 23. Example in Japanese scriptはじめまして。 (How do you do? )[ 私は ] ピーターです。 (I am Peter)イギリス人です。 (I am English)ピ ・シ ・シの社員です。 (I am a PCC worker)どうぞよろしく。 (Nice to meet you)
  24. 24. HomeworkNothing compulsorySuggestions – Work on your personal greeting “sandwich” – Or make up a character from another countryCheck out the Communities of Practice site You should have had an invitation… Any questions ????

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