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  • 1. Chapter 10Reproductive system
    By: Dania Corral
  • 2. Hysterectomy
    A hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus.
    Each year in the US doctors perform approximately 600,000 hysterectomies.
  • 3. Types of hysterectomies
    Partial Hysterectomy
    Total Hysterectomy
    Radical Hysterectomy
  • 4. Reasons and options
    Women might need a hysterectomy for different reasons such as:
    Cancer of the Uterus, Cervix or Ovaries
    Uterine fibroids, Endometrioses, Adenomyosis
    Abnormal vaginal bleeding
    Chronic pelvic pain
  • 5. Gynecologist
    A gynecologist is a doctor who specializes in dealing with the health of the female reproductive system and sexual health care.
    One of their main jobs is to perform yearly exams of the uterus, vagina and pelvis.
    Many gynecologists are also obstricians, helping women who are having reproductive issues.
    They do not aid in labor and delivery, but can perform cesarean section, induce labor and prescribe birth control options as well as birth control procedures.
  • 6. Labor and Deliverystages
    Stage 1- The cervix dialates
    Stage 2- The baby is born
    Stage 3- The placenta is delivered
  • 7. Stage 1
    the bag of water breaks
    The cervix will dialate and thin out
    This stage typically begins when a mom is 4 cm dialated, women will dialate until 10 cm.
    Contractions occur frequently every 2-3minutes lasting 50-70 seconds
    This is when most women will report intense pain as the cervix streches and the baby decends through the birth canal
  • 8. Stage 2
    Pushing the baby through the vagina is the second stage.
    Incase of complications c-sections are performed.
    Some mothers push for a few minutes, some for several hours.
    The labor nurse or physician will tell you when it is time to push. It is important not push until instructed.
    The baby will take its first breath
    The cord is clamped and cut.
  • 9. Stage 3
    The third stage of labor is when the placenta detaches and passes out the body
    The passage of the placenta is a vital part off labor and delivery