Maori   Relationship to Land
Connection to land <ul><li>The Maori believe all living things are descended from the gods, embodied within certain mounta...
MANA <ul><li>Most things contain  Mana  – spiritual essence. It is within land, nature, human-made objects and humans them...
Pohutukawa tree <ul><li>The spirit slides down </li></ul><ul><li>a root of the Pohutukawa, to  </li></ul><ul><li>the sea b...
Maori understanding of Land <ul><li>Land and place are central to Maori identity </li></ul><ul><li>Whenua  (meaning placen...
<ul><li>The Whanganui River people express their interdependence between the river and the people in this way – “I am the ...
Oral traditon <ul><li>The chiefs,  Rangatira,  were expected to be good orators.  </li></ul><ul><li>The  Tohunga  were the...
Whale Rider <ul><li>This film retells the story of Paikea, founding ancestor of a Maori tribe. The village here is Whangar...
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Maori Relationship To Land

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Maori Relationship To Land

  1. 1. Maori Relationship to Land
  2. 2. Connection to land <ul><li>The Maori believe all living things are descended from the gods, embodied within certain mountains, rivers and lakes. All things have a type of soul (the wairua). This is why the Maori have strong spiritual ties to the land. </li></ul><ul><li>Certain geographical features of New Zealand are important anchors for Maori Identity. </li></ul><ul><li>EG. The Wanganui River has a particular cultural significance. Mt Ngaruahoe and Mt Ruapehu are sacred. </li></ul>
  3. 3. MANA <ul><li>Most things contain Mana – spiritual essence. It is within land, nature, human-made objects and humans themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>Everything has a whakapapa back to a particular god – this includes trees plants and animals as well as humans </li></ul><ul><li>On death, the Maori believe that the spirit travels to the Pohutukawa tree which sits on the very tip of Cape Reinga at the top of the North Island – as far as people can go in New Zealand. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Pohutukawa tree <ul><li>The spirit slides down </li></ul><ul><li>a root of the Pohutukawa, to </li></ul><ul><li>the sea below. The spirit emerges </li></ul><ul><li>onto Ohaua, which is the highest </li></ul><ul><li>tip of the Three Kings Islands </li></ul><ul><li>for a final farewell before </li></ul><ul><li>rejoining the ancestors. </li></ul><ul><li>This tree on the North Island is reputed to be 800 years old. It is very sacred to Maori people. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Maori understanding of Land <ul><li>Land and place are central to Maori identity </li></ul><ul><li>Whenua (meaning placenta) is the Maori understanding of Land </li></ul><ul><li>The Maori are Tangata whenua literally birthed from the land. This intimate relationship implies that Earth is mother. </li></ul><ul><li>The Maori call the earth Papatuanuku is the female created being called Mother Earth </li></ul><ul><li>The hosts who introduces every important event will acknowledge their ancestral place – his/her turangawaewae – which provides their unique place to stand. Their ancestors are buried in that place and they will be as well. To be Maori is to intimately belong to that land, that place. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>The Whanganui River people express their interdependence between the river and the people in this way – “I am the river and the river is me.” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Oral traditon <ul><li>The chiefs, Rangatira, were expected to be good orators. </li></ul><ul><li>The Tohunga were the experts in various things especially healing and rituals. They used karakia (incantations) to communicate and appease atua – god or power. </li></ul><ul><li>The traditional Maori world is an oral culture </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis is on the spoken word and a person’s mana will raise and fall by the truth of their words. Likewise the mana of whanau, hapu and iwi will also raise and fall by the truth of the words of all the members </li></ul><ul><li>“ The food of the chief is talk” </li></ul><ul><li>When a chief says something that is their bond – as their honour rests on the truth of their words </li></ul><ul><li>It takes years of training and reciting to gain the position of historian. The memory is trained to be able to accurately recall the histories, traditions and genealogies verbatim </li></ul>
  8. 8. Whale Rider <ul><li>This film retells the story of Paikea, founding ancestor of a Maori tribe. The village here is Whangara. When he arrived in Aotearoa (NZ) he became the eponymous male able to generate future generations of Maori. Paikea is also another term for whale. In this movie a young girl is born (instead of a male) and she is trying to gain approval from her grandfather to show she is able to be a Maori leader. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ftEjH-dit4Y </li></ul>

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