2. PIERRE DE COUBERTINThe Baron Pierre De Coubertin was born on the 1st January, 1863. He was bornin Paris, France. He died on the 2nd of September 1937 at the age of 74.Pierre was known as the “Instigator of the Modern Olympic Movement”.In 1894, Pierre had an insightful idea. He decided that people should learn notjust with their minds, but with their whole bodies. He believed people shouldthink, feel, and do, to learn. He invited his friends to a congress in Paris, and toldthem of his idea to start the Modern Olympics. The group became known as theIOC (International Olympic Committee). 13 nations (including New Zealand) wererepresented at the signing of the IOC. The IOC then made some aims for thegames. Pierre created symbols and encouraged music, culture, and pageantry inthe Modern Olympics.
3. OLYMPIC OATHThe Modern Olympic Oath is: In the name of all competitors, I promise that weshall take part in these Olympic Games, respecting and abiding by the rules thatgovern them, committing ourselves to a sport without doping and without drugs,in the true spirit of sportsmanship, for the glory of sport and the honour of ourteams.The Modern Olympic Oath was made by Pierre De Coubertin and the IOC.The ﬁrst Olympic Oath was spoken in the 1920 Summer Olympics by Victor Boin,Fencer/Water Polo player.
4. MASCOTSThe London 2012 mascots are Wenlock and Mandeville. They were designed byIris, a London based creative agency.They are named after the Shropshire town of Much Wenlock, which has aForerunner of the current Olympic Games, and Stoke Mandeville Hospital, afacility in Buckinghamshire that initially organised the Stoke Mandeville Games,the precursor of the Paralympic Games.Wenlock and Mandeville are mascots for both the 2012 Olympics and Paralympics.
5. OLYMPIC FLAGThe Olympic Flag represents the Modern Olympics.The Flag was created by Pierre De Coubertin in 1914.The Olympic ﬂag has a white background, with ﬁve interlaced rings in thecentre: blue, yellow, black, green and red. This design is symbolic; it representsthe ﬁve inhabited continents of the world, united by Olympism, while the sixcolors are those that appear on all the national ﬂags of the world at thepresent time. - Pierre De Coubertin
6. CREED AND MOTTOThe Olympic Motto is: “Faster, Higher, Stronger”.The Olympic Creed is: “The most important thing in the Olympic Games is not towin but to take part, just as the most important thing in life is not the triumphbut the struggle. The essential thing is not to have conquered but to have foughtwell”.Pierre De Coubertin and the IOC made both of these.
7. TORCH RELAYOver the years, it has become a tradition to let famous athletes, former athletesand/or athletes with signiﬁcant achievements and milestones be the last runnerin the Olympic torch relay and have the honor of lighting the Olympic Cauldron.The Olympic torch travels routes that symbolise human achievement.For each Olympics, there is a different torch that is uniquely similar to the hostcountry. Torches often represent cool aspects of the country.
8. HOST CITIESEvery Olympic Games has a different host.Since the modern Olympic Games began in 1896, there have been 29 SummerOlympic Games held in 22 different cities and 21 Winter Olympic Games held in 18different cities.The cities are: Athens, St Louis, London, Stockholm, Berlin, Antwerp, Chamonix, StMoritz, Amsterdam, Lake Placid, Los Angeles Garmisch Partenkirschen, Sapporo, Tokyo,Cortina d’Ampezzo, Oslo, Helsinki, Melbourne, Squaw Valley, Rome, Innsbruck,Montreal, Moscow, Sarajevo, Calgary, Seoul, Albertville, Barcelona, Lileharrmer,Atlanta, Nagano, Salt Lake City, Turin, Beijing, Vancouver, Sochi, Pyeonchang, Rio DeJaneiro, and Torino.Seven cities have hosted the Olympic Games more than once: Athens, Paris, London,St Moritz, Lake Placid, Los Angeles, and Innsbruck.
9. VALERIE ADAMSValerie Adams is a New Zealand Shot Putter born 6 October 1984. Her Mother’s name isLilika and her father’s name is Sydney. Valerie was born in Rotorua.Valerie is the reigning womens Olympic champion and three-time World champion, two-time Commonwealth and World Indoor champion. She currently holds the New Zealand,Oceanian, Commonwealth, and equal World Championship Records. Her personal best throwis 21.24 metres.Valerie’s trainer was Kirsten Hellier, a former Javelin thrower. They worked together for 11years. Now her trainer is Jean-Pierre Egger.