The Baron Pierre de Coubertin• Pierre was born in Paris (France) on the 1st of January 1863 into an established aristocratic family. He died from a stroke at the age of 74 on the 2nd of September 1937 in Geneva, Switzerland. He was buried in Olympia.• Coubertin had the idea of beginning the modern Olympics. In his late 20’s he wanted ﬁtness and athleticism to be part of everyday life. He believed physical education should be an important part of life. Soon he combined his feelings and effort together to bring the the long-dead Olympics into the modern generation.
The Olympic Flag• The Olympic Flag represents the ﬁve continents that participate at the Olympics. The continents include America, Asia, Africa, Europe and Oceania.• The Olympic Flag was originally designed by Pierre de Coubertin in 1914. Pierre de Coubertin is said to have discovered the ﬁve rings symbols engraved on an Altar- stone unearthed at Delphi.• The Olympic Flag measures 2.06m long, 60cm high and is completely white with ﬁve rings connected together in the centre. The Olympic ﬂag is a symbol of tranquility, goodwill, global solidarity and tolerance.
Host Cities• Since 1896 there has been 29 Summer Olympic Games held in 22 different cities. The Summer Olympics are held every four years. London have hosted three Summer Olympic Games. The United States have hosted four more Summer Olympic Games, more than any other Nation. When the 2012 Summer Olympics have ﬁnished the UK would have hosted three Summer Olympic Games.
Torch Relay and Flame• The Olympic Flame is a symbol of the Olympic Games. Commemorating the theft of ﬁre from the king of the Greek god Zeus by Prometheus, its origins lie in ancient Greece, where a ﬁre was kept burning throughout the celebration of the ancient Olympics. The ﬁrst modern Olympic torch to be lit was at the 1928 Summer Olympics in Amsterdam, and has been part of the modern Olympics ever since. The starting location of the Olympic torch relay depends on where the Olympics is being held.• 41% of torchbearers are female and 59% are male. 8,000 circles perforate the design of the Torch to represent each one of the Torchbearers participating.
The Olympic Oath• The Olympic Oath is one of the rituals of the Olympic Games. It is taken by an athlete from the host country, on behalf of all the athletes, judges and referees. The Olympic Oath was changed because it needed to include good sportsmanship.• The original oath was: We swear that we will take part in the Olympic Games in a spirit of chivalry, for the honour of our country and for the glory of sport. The modern oath was: In the name of all the competitors, I promise that we shall take part in the Olympic Games, respecting by the rules that govern them,committing ourselves to a sport without doping and without drugs, in the true spirit of sportsmanship, for the glory of sport and the honour of our teams.
Creed & Motto• The Olympic motto is Hendiatris Citius, Altius, Fortius, which is Latin for "Faster, Higher, Stronger". The motto was made by Pierre de Coubertin in 1894. De Coubertin borrowed it from his friend Henri Didon, a Dominican priest who, amongst other things, was an athletics enthusiast. The motto was read in 1924 at the Olympic Games in Paris.• The Olympic Creed has appeared on the scoreboard during Opening Ceremony at every modern Olympic Games. Baron de Coubertin was i adopted this creed after he heard a sermon by the Bishop of Pennsylvania, at a service for Olympic Athletes in 1908. It means that in our life, just like in the Olympics, winning is not the most important thing. It is the ultimate challenge for which we all struggle as we strive to be "Swifter, Higher, Stronger."
Olympic Mascot• The Olympic mascot is a character, usually an animal or character native to the location of where the Olympics is currently being held. The Olympic mascot was designed by the London creative agency Iris.• Right: The London Olympic Mascots• The Olympic mascots usually have the ﬂag or an emblem of their country on them.