St augustine


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St augustine

  1. 1. St. Augustine
  2. 2. • • • • • • St. Augustine Augustine of Hippo Aurelius Augustinus Hipponensis November 13, 354 – August 28, 430 Bishop of Hippo Regius present-day Annaba, Algeria Latin philosopher and theologian from the Africa Province of the Roman Empire • One of the greatest Christian thinkers of all times • His writings were very influential in the development of Western Christianity.
  3. 3. • When the Western Roman Empire was starting to disintegrate, Augustine developed the concept of the Catholic Church as a spiritual City of God (in a book of the same name), distinct from the material Earthly City. His thoughts profoundly influenced the medieval worldview. Augustine's City of God was closely identified with the Church, the community that worshiped the Trinity.
  4. 4. • Illuminationism is a doctrine in theology according to which the process of human thought needs to be aided by God. It is the oldest and most influential alternative to naturalism in the theory of mind and epistemology. It was an important feature of ancient Greek philosophy, Neoplatonism, medieval philosophy, and in particular, the Illuminationist school of Persian Islamic philosophy.
  5. 5. • "The mind needs to be enlightened by light from outside itself, so that it can participate in truth, because it is not itself the nature of truth. You will light my lamp, Lord and "You hear nothing true from me which you have not first told me”.
  6. 6. • Augustine's version of illuminationism is not that God gives us certain information, but rather gives us insight into the truth of the information we received for ourselves
  7. 7. Sexuality and Saint Augustine • Augustine's view of sexual feelings as sinful impacted his view of women. His beliefs on this issue were so extreme that he considered a man’s erection to be sinful because it did not take place under his conscious control. Rather than resolve his internal struggle with his own sexuality, he blamed women for being "stimulating." His solution was to place controls on women to limit their ability to influence men: “Thus the woman, but not the man, should veil herself to prevent her from causing this sinful response in the male.”
  8. 8. Saint Augustine Quotes • Pray as though everything depended on God. Work as though everything depended on you. • The World is a book, and those who do not travel read only a page. • Do you wish to rise? Begin by descending. You plan a tower that will pierce the clouds? Lay first the foundation of humility.
  9. 9. The concept of time and Saint Augustine’s Philosophy • Homework! • Listen to the song “Tempo perdido”, from Legião Urbana, and compare the lyrics with the notion of PRESENT developed by Augustine.