M A T R I Z D E A V A L I A Ç Ã O - O B J E T O S D E
C O N H E C I M E N T O D A T E R C E I R A E T A P A :
H T T P : / / W W W . C E S P E . U N B . B R / I N T E R A C A O / M
A T R I Z _ D E _ O B J E T O S _ D E _ A V A L I A % C 3 % A 7 % C
3 % A 3 O _ D O _ P A S _ T E R C E I R A _ E T A P A _ S U B P R O
G R A M A _ 2 0 1 1 - 2 0 1 3 . P D F
Rise and fall of Capitalism
Historical antecedents of capitalism
Late Midlle Age- 14th and 15th centuries
Age of exploration (Great Navigations) ;
New vision of the world Eurocentrism to Globalized
Hegel and dialectics
Thesis Antithesis Synthesis
Logical Ideia Nature Spirit
External aspect and
non-rational from the
Idea and nature unit
Origen of dialectics: Heraclitus, ancient greek.
Envisioned as a single fundamental creative principle of inherent
However, rather than manifesting only cyclical change (as was the Greek
view), it is progressive in nature, bringing about states of increasing
complexity through a dialectical process of synthesis.
Dialectical and Historical Materialism
"The philosophers have
only interpreted the world, in various
ways; the point is to change it“
The Stages of Capitalism
1st) Pre – capitalism- XI to XV centuries (or Mercantilism)
- Craft production;
- Independent work of the craftsmen;
2nd) Mercantilism- XV to XVIII
- The begin of wage labor;
3rd) Industrial Capitalism- XVII to XX
- Industrial Revolution in Great Britain
Finacial Capitalism- XX
- Banks controll the financial acctivities through financing and stocks;
Post industrial society- XX and XXI
- Rising of service sector;
- Total globalization;
- Information and informatics (data processing).
Age of Explorations
Conquest of colonies
Wealth of a Nation Accumulation of precious metals
Export more than import
State MUST intervene in the economie
Avoid competition by fixing prices
More money = more prosperous country
Monopoly and colonial exploitation
"The work, not trade, is the major source of wealth"
Inequalities as greater incentive to work and enrichment
Personal Growth = Collective Growth
"Acting on their own interest, the men help each other"
-> Law of Supply and Demand
-> State should not interfere in the Economy
Second half of the eighteenth century
Replacement of hand made (manufatura) by the
machine facturing (maquinofatura)
- Work at home and owns the means of production;
-Entrepreneur hires labor and salaried free. Sale of
Primitive Accumulation of Capital
- Land and sheep pastures;
-> According to Marx, capitalism would collapse as happened with feudalism.
Good value (Valor de um bem) = "socially amount of labor required for its production"
What the worker receives? The necessary for his/her survival = workforce
Homework: To research the “SURPLUS VALUE” concept of Karl Marx
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