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Brazil ppt

  1. 1. Brazil By: Audria Muscara HIST 141 Dr. Arguello
  2. 2. Geography <ul><li>Brazil is the largest country in South America and is over 3 million square miles in size. </li></ul><ul><li>The capital of Brazil is Brasilia and contains other large well known states including Rio de Janero, San Paulo, and Salvador. </li></ul><ul><li>Climates in Brazil vary. There are the dense and tropical Amazon basins in the northern region, the semi arid coastline, large grassland areas, and dense wetlands with extensive river systems. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Geography <ul><li>The Amazon River is the largest river system in Brazil. </li></ul><ul><li>The river extends 2,243 miles and descends only 100 meters before letting out. </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture productivity is usually pretty poor because of high acidity and aluminum levels in the soil. </li></ul><ul><li>90% of the country is in tropical zone </li></ul><ul><li>The country is divided into 5 sections with different eco-systems. This includes the North, Northeast, South, Southeast, and central west. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The People of Brazil <ul><li>Approximately 190 million people inhabit Brazil. </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the people live in the Southeastern and Northeastern regions. </li></ul><ul><li>Most inhabitants are descendants of the indigenous people, Portuguese settlers, or African slaves. </li></ul><ul><li>Primary language of Brazilian is Portuguese. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The People of Brazil <ul><li>Brazil is a highly diverse country made up of multiple ethnic backgrounds. </li></ul><ul><li>70% of all immigrants who came to Brazil were either Portuguese or Italian. </li></ul><ul><li>White Brazilian (brancos) make up 48% of the population, blacks (negros) is 7%, brown or mixed (pardos) makes up 44%, asian (amarelos) is 1%, and the Amerindian (indios) makes up <1% of the population. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Culture <ul><li>The Portuguese introduced the language, catholic religion, and architectural styles. </li></ul><ul><li>Carnival- A large festival held 46 days before Easter which celebrates the farewell to bad things prior to Christ’s death and resurrection. </li></ul><ul><li>Carnival is the largest celebrated holiday in the country and the festivities vary from region to region. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Culture <ul><li>Football (soccer) is the most popular sport in Brazil. They have a record of 5 word cup titles. </li></ul><ul><li>Brazilian folklore which includes dances, stories, legends and religious rituals demonstrates the countries rich and diverse culture. The folklore can be depicted in the countries Carnival celebration. </li></ul><ul><li>The music of Brazil is internationally respected and it conveys a nation rich in art and culture. Some music styles that Brazil has mad famous include Samba (Afro-bahian rhythms- largely seen during Carnival), Bossa Nova (jazzy rock similar to Samba), and Choro (classical/ballroom). </li></ul>The Samba
  8. 8. Brazil’s History <ul><li>In 1500, Portuguese explorer Pedro Alvaras Cabral was the first person to discover Brazil. </li></ul><ul><li>It remained a colony of Portugal until September 7, 1822. Brazil declared it’s independence from Portugal. </li></ul><ul><li>Brazil was of little interest to Portugal because of the profitable trade with India, China, and Indonesia. </li></ul><ul><li>The land was given to Portuguese noblemen who were followers of the crown. </li></ul><ul><li>The Dutch attempted invading Brazil and for a long period inhabited a large portion of the coast. After constantly being under siege, the Dutch finally withdrew. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Brazil’s History <ul><li>Slavery fueled the Brazilian economy and was essential in their sugar cane production and mining. </li></ul><ul><li>35% of all slaves exported in the Atlantic slave trade were brought to Brazil. </li></ul><ul><li>After becoming an independent nation, Brazil elected it’s first president Deodoro da Fonseca. </li></ul><ul><li>Brazil became a military dictatorship in 1964. </li></ul><ul><li>It wasn’t until 1985 that Brazil returned to civilian rule and elected Tancredo Neves as president who died and was replaced by vice president Jose Sarney. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Sources <ul><li> Brazil </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>