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  • 1. A Difficult Past- How the Americas Change Audria Muscara HIST 141 Dr. Arguello
  • 2. The Americas in the 19 th Century
    • Chinese migration to the west in search for gold
    • Instead, the Chinese settled and built riches by servicing the rich miners.
    • Chinese migration stimulated American population, social, political, and economic development.
  • 3. The Americas in the 19 th Century
    • American’s westward expansion helped to build the states
    • Settlers and government forces often conflicted with indigenous inhabitants
    • During this time different political views of slavery existed
    • Canadian independence came more gradually.
  • 4. The Little Ice Age
    • Freezing winters with short cold summers causing frozen crops with periods of famine leaving many vulnerable to death and disease
    • The Vikings were able to adapt to the freezing temperatures and get most of their nutrition from the sea.
    • Theories exist that the Little Ice Age may have been due to low solar radiation, increased volcanic activity, or changes in ocean currents.
  • 5. Frontiers of the Americas
    • The Louisiana Purchase was a deal made between France and the States that purchased a sizeable piece of land (14 states) and cancelled French debt.
    • The purchase almost doubled the size of the U.S.
    • The purchase was under the presidency of Thomas Jefferson but did have some political opposition
    • The federalists opposed the purchase because some thought the land actually belonged to Spain and this would cause war.
  • 6. Frontiers of the Americas
    • North American Frontiers
    • Prince Maximilian was a German explorer who traveled the great planes to study the indigenous people and viewed them as the true founders of the land. He was accompanied by Karl Bodmer who’s art portrayed the different tribes.
    • South American Frontier
    • Knife duels in the south sparked crime and violence
  • 7. Crossroads of Freedom
    • The Civil War battle ground at Antietam contributed to the most deaths in American history- The bloodiest battle ever.
    • McClellan ran the Union and Lee ran the confederates
    • Confederates fought to keep their governed land separate from the union.
  • 8. Crossroads of Freedom
    • Influential and dominate generals of the confederacy included Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson who was swift, secretive and very strategic; and General James Longstreet led another division.
    • The confederates rear in battle was blocked by the Potomac river. The bridges, walls, and creeks worked in favor of the Union army yet McClellan failed to provide the armies commanders with a complete battle plan.
  • 9. Crossroads of Freedom
    • The unions success in the war at Antietam paved the way for president Lincoln to announce the Emancipation Proclamation
    • Antietam was war in Northern territory.
  • 10. Crossroads of Freedom
    • Antietam was considered the turning point for the war and ultimately the unions victory.
    • The victory was acknowledged by France and Britain which dissuaded them from standing behind the confederacy.