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Writing Literature Reviews

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Presentation for a workshop on Research methods in distance education

Presentation for a workshop on Research methods in distance education

Published in: Education, Technology

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  • 1. Writing Literature Review Sanjaya Mishra
  • 2. What is Literature Review?
  • 3. What is Literature Review?
    • It is a means of demonstrating an author's knowledge and understanding about a particular filed of study, including the vocabulary, theories, key variables and phenomenon, and its methods and history.
  • 4. Types of Literature Reviews
    • Systematic Review
    • Narrative Reviews
    • Conceptual Reviews
    • Rapid Reviews
    • Scoping Reviews
    • Critical Reviews
    • Expert Reviews
    • State-of-the-art Reviews
  • 5. Cooper's Taxonomy of Literature Review Charactrerestics Category Focus Research findings Research methods Theories Practices or applications Goal Integration Criticism Identification of central issues Perspectives Neutral Espousal of a position Coverage Exhaustive Exhaustive with selective citation Representative Central or pivotal Organization Historical Conceptual Methodological Audience Specialized scholars General scholars Practitioners or policy makers General public
  • 6. How to Organize Your Literature Review?
    • Historical
    • Conceptual
    • Methodological
    • Historical
    • Conceptual
    • Methodological
    • You can also take either author-centric or concept centric approach
    • Identify key concepts
    • Develop colour codes and tables
  • 7. Developing the Reading List/Bibliography
    • Find relevant references from subject encycolpaedias, year books, advances, and reviews
    • Search indexes and abstracts
    • Search library databases and online databases
    • Use references cards or computer to store records; use codes for sorting
    • Read and take notes; do reverse tracking of references
    • Read original/primary sources
  • 8. Writing the Literature Review
    • Tone: constructively inform the readers; do not be over critical
    • Tense: past or present?
    • Thought: develop a theoretical underpinning; build constructs and give meaning to the writing by weaving a logical story
  • 9. Criteria for a Good Literature Reviews
    • Justify criteria for inclusion and exclusion
    • Distinguish what has been done in the field from what needs to be done
    • Placed the topic/problem in the broader scholarly context and in the historical context of its own
    • Acquired and enhanced the subject vocabulary by articulating related variables and phenomenon
    • Synthesized and developed a new perspective on the literature
    • Identified the methodological issues, ideas and techniques related to the topic
    • Rationalized the practical and scholarly significance of the study
    • Written in a coherent and clear structure
  • 10. Some Frequently Encountered Situations
    • Nothing has been written in my research topic
    • There is too much
    • It's all been done
    • How many references do I need?
    • How much time will it take?
    • What reference pattern should I follow?
  • 11. Use and Abuse of References
    • Use references to:
    • Justify and support your argument
    • Compare other researches
    • Express matters better than you could have done
    • Show your familiarity with the field of study
    • Do not use references to:
    • Impress your readers just for the sake
    • Litter your writing with name and quotations
    • Replace the need to provide your own thoughts
    • Mis-represent the authors
  • 12. ACTIVITY
    • Use IGNOU's Library eResources such as the EBSCO, ProQuest, JSTOR, J-Gate, ACM Digital Library, Emerald Insight, SpringerLINK, Taylor and Francis, etc. to find at least 25 relevant literature related to your identified topic of research.
    • Store the same using a Word processor, and add your codes and notes to future use.

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