Wiki in Course Development


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Presentation in the National Workshop on Alternative Models of Course Development in Open and Distance Learning organized by STRIDE from 22/03/2010 to 27/03/2010.

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Wiki in Course Development

  1. 1. Wiki in Course Development Sanjaya Mishra
  2. 2. Sharing of Experience <ul><li>The objective of this session is to share my experience and propose a course development and delivery model based on Wiki </li></ul>
  3. 3. Assumptions and Thinking about Distance Education <ul><li>Teach large number of students, and therefore, it is cost-effective </li></ul><ul><li>Distance learning is primarily asynchronous </li></ul><ul><li>Learners are adult and have self directed learning abilities </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction, between student and teacher and student and student, is poor and therefore, quality is questionable </li></ul><ul><li>Largely follows parasitic model of course development and delivery </li></ul>
  4. 4. Course Development Models <ul><li>Course Team models </li></ul><ul><li>Existing Material models </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adaptation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transformation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrap-around </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fast Track models </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Workshop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seminar </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Course Team Model <ul><li>Ensures quality of the materials developed in terms of both Instructional features and content quality of the self-learning materials </li></ul><ul><li>Time consuming, and costly </li></ul><ul><li>Revision and updating difficult </li></ul><ul><li>Practically, the Course Coordinator is responsible </li></ul><ul><li>Violation of Copyrights, and restricted access </li></ul><ul><li>Only available in print, and interactivity is optional </li></ul>
  6. 6. New Technology, New Model <ul><li>Networked digital technology can promote openness and virtual collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Revision and updating become easier </li></ul><ul><li>Quality is the responsibility of the teacher, institute and the community </li></ul><ul><li>Open courseware leading to emphasis on teaching and learning, interaction rather than print material production </li></ul><ul><li>Digital materials can be re-used, re-mixed, adopted/adapted easily </li></ul>
  7. 7. Wikis <ul><li>Meaning quick , quick is a Hawaiian word, coined by Ward Cunningham in 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Popular example is Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>User can edit the pages </li></ul><ul><li>History of the page created can be checked and reverted back </li></ul><ul><li>Courses are open to all </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a collaborative learning platform to the learners </li></ul>
  8. 8. Case Study 1 <ul><li>Open Education, 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>David Wiley taught a 3 credit course using Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Used weekly reading and blogging </li></ul><ul><li>Assignments and grading </li></ul><ul><li>Over 50 learners took this course </li></ul>
  9. 9. Case Study 2 <ul><li>SLM Develoipment , 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Sanjaya Mishra trained 20 individuals to write self-learning materials </li></ul><ul><li>Used weekly reading and GoogleGroup </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki-based Tasks to develop SLM using wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Learning contract, certification, online activities, visible outputs </li></ul>
  10. 10. Case Study 3 <ul><li>Bangladesh Open School , SLM Training </li></ul><ul><li>F2F and Online training </li></ul><ul><li>Development of Units </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative course Development </li></ul>
  11. 11. How to use Wiki for Course Development <ul><li>MediaWiki Server can be configured to have two iteration of the same course content </li></ul><ul><li>One for the Course Team, and the other for learners' access </li></ul><ul><li>Course Team member work to prepare the materials that may require content expertise, media expertise (graphics, audio, video, animation), interaction expertise, and instructional design expertise </li></ul><ul><li>Quality benchmarks can be developed to see that the material has reached certain level of maturity, and can be transported to the open access platform for the learners' use </li></ul>
  12. 12. Advantages <ul><li>Updating and revision of courses become easy </li></ul><ul><li>Learner participation in course, and their engagement will improve </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the user generated content may be useful in revision </li></ul><ul><li>Courses will become live and dynamic rather than static and outdated </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of the course would improve as it will adhere to copyright regulations (as it will be open) </li></ul><ul><li>Open content licensing policy can be adopted </li></ul><ul><li>Courses can be developed fast using OER </li></ul>
  13. 13. Advantages <ul><li>Print copies can be developed automatically using PediaPress PDF server </li></ul><ul><li>Print-on-demand facility can be used </li></ul><ul><li>Less paper use, and digital preservation of content with each editing recored </li></ul><ul><li>Resources other than main text can also be integrated including Slideshare, YouTube, MindMap, Google Calender, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Online quiz, and self-assessment activities can be in-built within the learning material </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion Forum can be built around lessons </li></ul>
  14. 14. Myths about Wikis <ul><li>Wikis are not reliable </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone can edit wiki pages </li></ul><ul><li>Using Wiki will make courses constructivist </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki Courses does not need management </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis promote plagiarism </li></ul>
  15. 15. Wiki Initiatives at IGNOU <ul><li>IGNOU Open Course Guide </li></ul><ul><li>eGyanKosh Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>DEP-SSA Wiki </li></ul>
  16. 16. Other Wiki Initiatives <ul><li>WikiEducator </li></ul><ul><li>WikiVersity </li></ul><ul><li>IIEP-OER Wiki </li></ul>