• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Using asynchronous conference to support wiki skills training and SLM development
 

Using asynchronous conference to support wiki skills training and SLM development

on

  • 1,634 views

Research paper presentation at E-Learn 2008, Las Vegas USA on 21/11/2008

Research paper presentation at E-Learn 2008, Las Vegas USA on 21/11/2008

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,634
Views on SlideShare
1,634
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

CC Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike LicenseCC Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike LicenseCC Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Using asynchronous conference to support wiki skills training and SLM development Using asynchronous conference to support wiki skills training and SLM development Presentation Transcript

    • Using Asynchronous Conferences to Support Wiki Skills Training and Development of Distance Learning Lessons Sanjaya Mishra, PhD Indira Gandhi National Open University, India
    • Structure of the Presentation
      • Introduction
      • Objectives
      • Review of Related Literature
      • Methodology
      • Results and Discussions
      • Conclusions
    • Introduction
      • Three types of e-learning: supplement to f2f situation, mixed-mode or blended approach, online distance mode
      • Interaction is important: learner-learner, learner-content and learner-instructor
      • Different technologies used including LMS, common applications include use of discussion groups and email (often referred as CMC)‏
    • Computer Conferences
      • Synchronous and asynchronous
      • Asynchronous conferences help to encourage reflection, allow participation in discussion, help tutors to provide support and observe student progress
      • Creation of a community of learning/ community of practice
      • Requires high degree of learner maturity, motivation and proficiency in use of both English language and technology
    • Significance and Objectives
      • Asian learners participate less in discussions in classrooms
      • Online scenario reduces this, but power distance (social inequality and relationship to authority) may influence online communications
      • In this backdrop, the objectives of the study were to:
        • Examine the degree of participation in CMC;
        • Analyse the nature of 'online support' in asynchronous conferences;
        • Assess the wiki skills development amongst participant trainees; and
        • Evaluate the online support through trainee feedback.
    • Review of Related Literature
      • Most studies agree that interaction is key to learning
      • Various ways of looking at interactions in CMC: social constructivist model, transcript analysis, community of inquiry, etc.
      • Less emphasis on “Learner Support”, but there are references to support through scaffolding techniques, mentoring, etc.
      • Development of critical thinking and knowledge construction were major focus in majority of studies.
    • Methodology
      • Context: One Asian Open University
      • Primary Task: SLM writing skills
      • Participants: Open University teachers and NGO workers involved in SLM writing for school level
      • Female (07), Male (23)‏
      • Five stage approach to training
      • Technology used: WikiEducator, Google Group, Email
      • Instruments used: TAPOS developed by the author and questionnaire feedback
    • Results and Discussions
    • Major Threads in Discussion Group 4.4 09 April 29- May 1 Copyright Material Uploaded 12.74 26 March 31- April 15 Status of Chapter Creation 2.9 06 March 24-25 Reminder to Complete Chapter Creation and Uploading to WikiEducator 3.9 08 March 12- April 2 Follow-up on Your Activity 1.9 04 Feb 29- March 1 Post F2F Workshop Activities Improves Learning 4.9 10 Feb 15-March 11 Chapter Creation Work 2.4 05 Feb 5-9 Lesson 7: Working on Your Project Lesson 7.84 16 Feb 1-6 Writing Materials for Distance Learners 1.9 04 Jan 28-29 Lesson 3: Basic text Formatting and Editing 5.3 11 Jan 27- Feb 12 User Account created 8.3 17 Jan 24- 30 Introduction to Wiki and Creating WikiEducator account 24.5 50 Jan 22- Feb 29 Introduction % Number of postings Effective duration Threads
    • Most Postings by Participants
    • Most Postings by Month
    • Nature of Online Support 1.47 04 Not related (NR)‏ 2.57 07 Push to explore (PE)‏ 1.47 04 Encouraging articulation (EA)‏ 0.73 02 Fostering reflection (FR)‏ 2.57 07 Coaching (C)‏ 11.39 31 Feedback (F)‏ 4.41 12 Managerial support (MS)‏ 7.35 20 Questioning, clarifying, explaining (QCE)‏ 4.41 12 Direct instruction (DI)‏ 7.35 20 Social and cognitive acknowledgement (SCA)‏ 20.58 56 Affective support (AS)‏ 14.33 39 Welcome, introductions and communication of expectations (WIC)‏ 5.51 15 General advice and suggestions (GAS)‏ 16.54 45 Task Response (TR)‏ % Frequency Categories
    • User Page Creation and Support 100 (60.24)‏ 558 (51.38)‏ 16 No 66 (39.75)‏ 528 (48.6)‏ 07 Yes Total support edits (%)‏ Total edits by users (%)‏ No. of users WikiEducator user page created
    • Beginning of SLM work and Wiki Skills 12 (7.22)‏ 88 (8.10)‏ 05 After April 26 08 (4.81)‏ 13 (1.19)‏ 02 Between Feb 15-April 25 102 (61.44)‏ 476 (43.86)‏ 12 Between Feb 6-14 44 (26.5)‏ 494 (45.21)‏ 04 Up to Feb 6 Total support edits (%)‏ Total edits by users (%)‏ Number of persons initiated wiki work Period
    • Feedback on Online Support 1.26 3.6 I can develop lessons on WikiEducator with little support/without support 1.11 3.68 The remedial support provided to learn was excellent 0.96 4.0 The Online Facilitator replied promptly to my mails 0.83 3.76 The Online Facilitator clarified my doubts 1.07 3.84 I improved my chapter based on the feedback and guidelines 0.73 4.04 The personal feedback given to me through email was useful 0.90 4.16 The Online Facilitator motivated me to complete my chapter 0.83 4.02 The Online Facilitator encouraged me to work on the chapter 1.08 3.64 The instructions provided through Google Group was clear 0.93 4.02 The guidelines on WikiEducator to develop chapter was useful Standard deviation Mean Statements
    • Silence in Online Discussions Rank Frequency Reasons 1 20 Poor access to Internet and email 5 1 Health related problem 4 2 Task not related to my interest 5 1 Task not related to my work/job 3 12 Difficulty in using WikiEd 4 2 Difficulty in understanding SLM concepts 4 2 Work pressure at home 2 14 Work pressure at office 3 12 Lack of time
    • Conclusions
      • Twenty three participants developed SLM on WikiEducator
      • Google Group used like a task reporting tool
      • Access to Internet promote more use and mastery of Wiki skills
      • Template driven approach more suitable
      • Poor access situation demands f2f training
      • Need for self-regulation in online learning
      • TAPOS useful to support online tutor training