E-Learning Bandwagon


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E-Learning Bandwagon

  1. 1. The E-Learning Bandwagon Politics, Policies and Pedagogy Sanjaya Mishra, PhD Staff Training and Research Institute of Distance Education Indira Gandhi National Open University, New Delhi
  2. 2. Why e-learning is so popular? <ul><li>Access to educational resources from outside the institution; </li></ul><ul><li>Quick and easy way to create, update and revise course materials; </li></ul><ul><li>Increased interaction with student through e-mail and discussion forums; </li></ul><ul><li>Location and time independent delivery of course materials; </li></ul><ul><li>Multimedia capabilities enabling instructional designers to prepare quality learning materials; </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive and dynamic learning experience through online assessment tools; </li></ul><ul><li>Platform independent delivery, accessible through any computer with a </li></ul><ul><li>simple browser interface; </li></ul><ul><li>Increased learner control through hypertext based presentation of </li></ul><ul><li>information; </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities for international, cross-cultural and collaborative </li></ul><ul><li>learning; and </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to serve a large number of students at a potentially reduced cost. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is e-learning? (Source: © Sharma & Mishra, 2007)
  4. 4. Does it make any difference? e-Learning eLearning e-learning E-Learning E-learning Standardization?
  5. 5. The Bandwagon <ul><li>Netvarsity http://www.netvarsity.com </li></ul><ul><li>Indira Gandhi National Open University </li></ul><ul><li>h ttp://www.ignou.ac.in </li></ul><ul><li>Yashwantrao Chavan Maharastra Open University </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ycmou.com </li></ul><ul><li>Tamil Virtual University http://www.tamilvu.org </li></ul><ul><li>Punjab Technical University http://www.ptuonline.com </li></ul><ul><li>Birla Institute of Technology and Sciences </li></ul><ul><li>http://vu.bits-pilani.ac.in </li></ul><ul><li>Institute of Management Technology http://www.imtonline.org </li></ul><ul><li>Symbiosis Centre for Distance Learning http://www.scdl.net </li></ul><ul><li>MedVarsity http://www.medvarsity.com </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai http://www.dep.iitb.ac.in </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi http://www.iitd.ac.in/courses </li></ul>
  6. 6. Premise 1 Figure 2: Telecommunication Infrastructure in India (Sources: http://www.internetworldstats.com, TRAI, 2005, and http://www.coai.com ))
  7. 7. Premise 1 <ul><li>Access to technology is poor </li></ul><ul><li>Technology redundancy is high </li></ul><ul><li>RLO can’t replace teachers </li></ul><ul><li>There are politics in promotion of e-learning? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Premise 2 There are no policies to support e-learning? <ul><li>Lone ranger approach </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of policies to promote e-learning </li></ul><ul><li>Access policies (Home computing policy of UKOU, home loans, CMC) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Premise 3 Type 1 Type 2 Type 3 Web integrated in the classroom to supplement teaching Web used in a mixed mode (as blended learning) Web used independently as a stand alone system
  10. 10. Premise 3 Learning by Designing Problem- Based Learning Case-Based Learning Learning by Doing Synchronous TEXT TEXT Asynchronous
  11. 11. Premise 3 Figure 3: Design framework for online learning environment (Source: © Mishra, 2002)
  12. 12. Premise 3 The pedagogies of e-learning are yet to unfold clearly? (Source: © Sharma & Mishra, 2007) CONSTRUCT REFLECT INTERACT EXPERIENCE
  13. 13. Lessons Learned E-Learning: Effective Learning Technology Teachers Content Learner Centred Pedagogy
  14. 14. Myths <ul><li>E-Learning is cheap and cost-effective </li></ul><ul><li>If we build it, they will come </li></ul><ul><li>E-learning programmes can be developed quickly </li></ul>
  15. 15. Conclusions <ul><li>Indian Council for Online Learning </li></ul><ul><li>E-Learning consortium </li></ul><ul><li>Online training of teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Development of small re-usable learning objects by teachers </li></ul>