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Ethics & csr
Ethics & csr
Ethics & csr
Ethics & csr
Ethics & csr
Ethics & csr
Ethics & csr
Ethics & csr
Ethics & csr
Ethics & csr
Ethics & csr
Ethics & csr
Ethics & csr
Ethics & csr
Ethics & csr
Ethics & csr
Ethics & csr
Ethics & csr
Ethics & csr
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Ethics & csr


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  • 1. Ethics and CSR
    "What does ethics mean to you?“
  • 2. "What does ethics mean to you?“
    A few years ago, sociologist Raymond Baumhart asked business people. Major replies were-
    "Ethics has to do with what my feelings tell me is right or wrong.“
    "Ethics has to do with my religious beliefs.“
    "Being ethical is doing what the law requires.“
    "Ethics consists of the standards of behavior our society accepts.“
    "I don't know what the word means."
  • 3. Three Domains of Human Action
    Domain of Certified Law
    (Legal Standard)
    Domain of Free Choice
    (Personal Standard)
    Domain of Ethics
    (Social Standard)
    Amount of
    Explicit Control
  • 4. Ethical Dilemma
    A situation that arises when all alternative choices or behaviors have been deemed undesirable.
    Potentially negative ethical consequences, making it difficult to distinguish right from wrong.
  • 5. Ethics
    The code of moral principles and values that govern the behaviors of a person or group with respect to what is right or wrong.
  • 6. Criteria for Ethical Decision Making
    Most ethical dilemmas involve
    • A conflict between needs of the part & whole.
    • 7. The individual versus the organization.
    • 8. The organization versus society as a whole.
    • 9. What will be your take for above???
  • Four Considerations inEthical Decision Making
    • Utilitarian Approach
    • 10. Individualism Approach
    • 11. Moral-Rights Approach
    • 12. Justice Approach
  • Utilitarian Approach
    • Moral behavior produces the greatest good for the greatest number.
    • 13. Computations can be very complex, simplifying them is considered appropriate.
    • 14. Critics fear a “Big Brother” approach and ask if the common good is squeezing the life out of the individual.
  • Individualism Approach
    • Acts are moral when they promote the individual's best long-term interests.
    • 15. Individual self-direction paramount.
    • 16. Individualism is believed to lead to honesty & integrity since that works best in the long run.
  • Moral-Rights Approach
    Asserts human beings have fundamental rights and liberties.
    Moral decisions are those that best maintain the rights of those people affected by them.
    An ethical decision is one that avoids interfering with the fundamental rights of others.
  • 17. “Moral Rights” Considerations
    The right of free consent
    The right to privacy
    The right of freedom of conscience
    The right of free speech
    The right to due process
    The right to life & safety
  • 18. Justice Approach
    Moral Decisions must be based on standards of equity, fairness, and impartiality.
    Treatment of individuals should not be based on arbitrary characteristics.
    Organizations and individuals could draft code of conduct, make it known to all and implement equally on all
    Closet thinking to codified law.
  • 19. Levels of Moral Development
    SOURCES: Based on L. Kahlberg, “Moral Stages and Moralization: The Cognitive-Developmental Approach, in Moral Development and Behavior: Theory, Research, and Social Issues, ed. T. Lickona (New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1976), 31-53; and Jill W. Graham, “Leadership, Moral Development and Citizenship Behavior,” Business Ethics Quarterly 5, no. 1 (January 1995), 43-54.
  • 20. Social Responsibility
    Organization’s obligation to make choices and take actions that will contribute to the welfare and interests of society and organization.
    Distinguishing right from wrong.
    Being a good corporate citizen.
    • Many social responsibilities issues are ambiguous with respect to right and wrong.
  • Shades of Corporate Green
    Activist Approach
    Actively conserve the environment
    Stakeholder Approach
    Address multiple stakeholder concerns
    Market Approach
    Respond to customers
    Legal Approach
    Satisfy legal requirements regarding environmental conservation
  • 21. Total Corporate Social Responsibility
  • 22. Corporate Responses toSocial Demands
    Degree of Social Responsibility
    Take social initiatives.
    Accept ethical responsibility.
    Do only what is legally required.
    Fight all the way.
  • 23. Three Pillars of an Ethical Organization
    SOURCE: Adapted from Linda Klebe Trevino, Laura Pincus Hartman, and Michael Brown, “Moral Person and Moral Manager,” California Management Review 42, No. 4 (Summer 2000), 128-142.
  • 24. Enlightened Companies
    Realize the importance of: