Leadership(Principles Of Management)


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Leadership(Principles Of Management)

  1. 1. Leadership NAME: MISHMA AKHTAR ROLL. NO. : 10190 CLASS: BE-SE-VI
  2. 2. Definition of Leadership  The ability of a superior to influence the behavior of subordinates and persuade them to follow a particular course of action.  It is a major way in which people change the minds of others and move organizations forward to accomplish identified goals.
  3. 3. What Do Leaders Do?  Create a climate of trust, respect, innovation and       openness Sets goals Allocates resources Planning Leading Organizing Controlling
  4. 4. Where Do Leaders Learn To Lead?  Leaders learns from Experience  Leaders learn from Example  Leaders learn from Education
  5. 5. Leadership Styles  Leadership style is the manner and approach of providing direction, implementing plans, and motivating people.  There are three major leadership styles: o o o Autocratic or authoritarian Participative or democratic Delegative or laissez-fair
  6. 6. Autocratic Style  The authoritarian leader makes decisions alone as     power is centralized in one person. Decisions are enforced using rewards and the fear of punishment. It is an abusive style called “bossing people around”. High degree of dependency on the leader Create de-motivation and alienation of staff
  7. 7. Democratic Style  The participative leader includes one or more      employees in the decision making process. Leader maintains the decision making authority Communication flow freely Suggestions are made in both directions Provides mutual benefit Consults before decisions are finalised
  8. 8. Laissez-faire Style  The leader gives power to subordinates to make the decisions.  However leader is still responsible for the decisions that are made.  Leader sets priorities of the tasks.  Relies on good teamwork
  9. 9. Positive Approach towards Leadership  Positive leaders use rewards such as education, independence, pays etc. to motivate employees  Increases morale  High productivity
  10. 10. Negative Approach towards Leadership  Negative employers(leaders) emphasize on penalties like loss of job, days without pay etc.  They act as a dictator  Consider themselves as a superior person  Morale falls that leads to low productivity
  11. 11. Leadership theories  Trait theory  Behavioral theory  Participative theory
  12. 12. Trait Theory  Earlier it was thought that leaders were born with inherent physiological and personality traits: o Commitment o Height/Weight o Intelligence o Confidence o Emotional stability
  13. 13. Trait Theory Contd…  But Stodgill identified several general factors that      differentiate leaders from non-leaders Capacity Achievements Responsibility Participation and involvement Socio-economic status
  14. 14. Behavioral Theory  Focuses on actions of leaders and not on mental qualities or internal states  People can learn to become leaders through teaching and observation  Anyone who adopts the appropriate behavior can be a good leader.
  15. 15. Participative Theory  Joint decision‐making.  Several people deciding together make better decisions than one person alone.  The social commitment to one another is greater.  People are less competitive and more collaborative when they are working on joint goals.
  16. 16. Significance of Leadership  Setting goals  Motivating employees  Building morale  Creating confidence  Discipline  Developing team work  Facilitates change  Representing the group
  17. 17. Thankyou
  18. 18. Questions?