Substance abuse edited!

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  • 1. Substance Abuse Introduction Types of drugs and their effects Causes Treatment Impact Strategies for prevention
  • 2. Introduction  Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, refers to a maladaptive pattern of use of a substance that is not considered dependent. Some of the drugs most often associated with this term include alcohol, amphetamines, cocaine, opioids, etc.  Addiction to these substances leads to their abuse.  Abuse of both legal and illegal drugs.
  • 3. Types of Drugs Marijuana:  Cannabis, also known as marijuana refers to any number of preparations of the  Cannabis plant intended for use as a psychoactive drug or for medicinal purposes.  The typical herbal form of cannabis consists of the flowers and subtending leaves and stalks of mature pistil late female plants. The resinous form of the drug is known as hashish (or merely as 'hash').  Effects - Cannabis has psychoactive and physiological effects.  Increased heart rate  Lowered blood pressure  Impairment of short-term and working memory  Psychomotor coordination  Lack of Concentration
  • 4. LSD: Lysergic acid diethylamide is a semisynthetic psychedelic drug of the ergoline family. It is used mainly as an entheogen, recreational drug, and as an agent in psychedelic therapy. Effects- the physical effects are: Pupil dilation Reduced appetite Wakefulness Numbness Weakness Nausea Elevated blood sugar Increase in heart rate Jaw clenching Perspiration Sleeplessness Tremors
  • 5. Ecstasy – MDMA :              Commonly known as ecstasy, often abbreviated as "E" or "X“ is an entactogenic drug. MDMA can induce euphoria, a sense of intimacy with others, and diminished anxiety. Effects – The effects of Ecstasy are: Nausea Sweating Increased blood pressure Increased body temperature Decreased aggression Lower vocabulary scores Depression Tremors Blurred vision Tissue and organ failure Acute renal (kidney) failure
  • 6. Cocaine :              Cocaine is made from the leaves of the coca shrub, which grows in the mountain regions of South American countries such as Bolivia, Colombia, and Peru .It is a white crystalline powder. Effects – The harmful effects that can be seen are: Irregular heart beat Heart attack Chest pain Respiratory failure Stroke Seizures and headaches Abdominal pain and nausea Enlarged pupils Increased breathing rate Insomnia Eating disorders and weight loss
  • 7. Causes  Peer pressure - Friends may force you to take drugs.  Stress - Only way to release your stress.  Problems with dealing with reality - Trying to escape from reality.  Depression - When depressed you tend to turn to alcohol and/or drugs.  Imitation of elders or celebrities – Most people tend to imitate what they see their elders or celebrities doing.
  • 8. Impact of DRUGS      Physical Risks - Drug abuse can negatively affect every system of the human body. Organ function, circulatory and hormone systems, fertility, and brain chemistry, function and structure are all at risk. Psychological Risk - With prolonged use, drugs can cause significant and permanent psychological damage; young drug abusers are at a higher risk for developing mental disorders, like depression and anxiety. Behavioral Changes - Serious changes in behavior is a common sign of drug use in young people, including withdrawal from family, a resentful attitude, violence or aggression, risky sexual behavior, and abandoning old friendships. Poor School Performance - Drug use has a serious impact on a child's education; typical signs include falling grades, withdrawal from regular school activities, increased absence and dropping out. Addiction - The biggest consequence of drug abuse is addiction, which amplifies every other drug-associated consequence; young people typically don't even realize that they have crossed the line to addiction .
  • 9. Strategies for the future ► Teaching Prevention in Schools - Schools can play a powerful role in prevention as teachers and administrators often are the first to detect warning signs of possible drug problems. ► Reaching youths Outside School - Communities should implement after-school programs that include substance abuse prevention. ► Drug education – Drug education programs should be conducted to educate the public about the harmful effects of drug addiction. ► Society programs need to strengthen norms – The society should be more firm with their norms and take strict action if violated especially if it comes to drugs.
  • 10. Thank You FYBA ‘A’  Dexter Cardoz - 8  Mishika Nambiar - 83  Trisha Reilly - 100