FARMERS’ SUICIDE
&
AGRARIAN DISTRESS
PRESENTATION BY
MISHIKA NAMBIAR
FYBA - A
ROLL NO. 83
FOUNDATION COURSE
Introduction
 70% population in villages n 60% Indians depend on






agriculture
Farmer is known as Annapurna In I...
Statistics
Year
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008

Total Suicide Rate
105.49
105.61
104.34
105.36
103.96
106.20
108....
Statistics
 The issue of farmers’ suicides came into the limelight

in the 1990s
 This issue worsened in d 2000s
 Natio...
History
• In the 1990s the Govt. officials denied the a
large number of suicides, but as more and
more information came to...
Suicide Statistics
Causes
 Heavy Indebtedness – Roots in Credit Policy of the

Government
 Mismatch in the Cost of Production and Support P...
BT Cotton
Response to farmer suicides
 The Indian government had promised to increase the

minimum rate for cotton by approximately...
Media’s Move
 "Summer 2007" by producer Atul Pandey & 2009









Bollywood film Kissan stressed on farmer suicides...
Misguided policies
 But the farmers' lack of viability was the result of totally misguided

neoliberal policies, which re...
Newspaper articles
1. The Independent: A UK Daily Newsletter
 1,500 farmers commit mass suicide in India
 WEDNESDAY 15 A...
Newspaper articles
2. Hindustan Times
9 Farmers End Lives in Vidarbha
 Tragedy Toll rises to 65 in this month
alone the S...
Case Study
 This is the family of a 55 year old female killed herself on 10th June 2004


outstanding debt of Rs. 44,600...
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Farmers’ suicide

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Farmers’ suicide

  1. 1. FARMERS’ SUICIDE & AGRARIAN DISTRESS PRESENTATION BY MISHIKA NAMBIAR FYBA - A ROLL NO. 83 FOUNDATION COURSE
  2. 2. Introduction  70% population in villages n 60% Indians depend on      agriculture Farmer is known as Annapurna In India Irregular rain sometimes excess rain harming crops. Use of olden techniques of farming Government taking measures to boost farmers Still farmers opt for suicides
  3. 3. Statistics Year 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Total Suicide Rate 105.49 105.61 104.34 105.36 103.96 106.20 108.67 109.21 Farmer Suicide Rate 70.12 76.39 73.44 78.62 74.45 74.83 73.69 72.56
  4. 4. Statistics  The issue of farmers’ suicides came into the limelight in the 1990s  This issue worsened in d 2000s  National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) reported that Between 2002-2006 more than 17500 farmers killed themselves  Of which Maharashtra accounted of more den a quarter of the sum i.e. 4,453
  5. 5. History • In the 1990s the Govt. officials denied the a large number of suicides, but as more and more information came to light the government began to accept that farmers in India were under considerable stress 15% farmers killed themselves and more than 25000 farmers consumed pesticides and killed themselves because of a combination of high farming costs (exorbitantly priced hybrid (socalled high yielding) seeds and pesticides sold by multinationals and a lack of a good price for their produce, partly due to imports. • Before globalization the need of theses techniques did not emerge. • Crop yields failed, they were under debt, couldn’t repay, killed themselves.
  6. 6. Suicide Statistics
  7. 7. Causes  Heavy Indebtedness – Roots in Credit Policy of the Government  Mismatch in the Cost of Production and Support Price & Market Price  Crop Failure due to:   Overuse of Fertilizers Reliance on HYV (High Yield Variety)Seeds and now recently on Genetically modified seeds such as BT Cotton Resulted in reduction of land Productivity  Availability of Credit – dependence on Private Money Lending  Reliance on Rainfall. Therefore, lack of subsidy given towards fertilizers/ pesticides/ irrigation/ electricity.  Strackly apathetic Government Attitude.
  8. 8. BT Cotton
  9. 9. Response to farmer suicides  The Indian government had promised to increase the minimum rate for cotton by approximately Rs.100 ($2) but reneged on its promise by reducing the Minimum Support Price further: Resulted in more farmers attempting suicide  Apart from the farmer helpline and the direct financial assistance, there was scarcely anything new being offered. (fails in the end)
  10. 10. Media’s Move  "Summer 2007" by producer Atul Pandey & 2009     Bollywood film Kissan stressed on farmer suicides Sumit Khanna titled "Mere Desh Ki Dharti" In 2006 focused on how our food grew and helped understanding agrarian crisis… won a national award Economica: Women and the Global Economy : farmers' suicides on the lives of the farmers' wives and children "Growing Debt" and accompanying essay by curator Masum Momaya entitled "Money of Her Own" showed how many widows were left with the burden of their husbands' debts The 2010, award winning film Jhing Chik Jhing is based around the emotive issue of farmer suicides in Maharashtra
  11. 11. Misguided policies  But the farmers' lack of viability was the result of totally misguided neoliberal policies, which reduced public investment drastically, withdrew extension services, made credit expensive or not available at all, and exposed small producers to the violent ups and downs of global prices  the income the land will yield can vary enormously This is an important reason for the discontent that land acquisition has unleashed among farmers  Under a project named after the late K.R. Narayanan, land has been identified in Kasaragod to set up a cooperative residential-cum-activity complex in which houses for the families concerned will be constructed at state expense and alternative employment activities developed. The cooperative element is crucial as it ensures that individual households cannot be pressured to part with their new assets and will maintain productive activities, leading to a flow of income. It is to be hoped that the new United Democratic Front (UDF) government will carry the scheme forward : this is not implicated elsewhere
  12. 12. Newspaper articles 1. The Independent: A UK Daily Newsletter  1,500 farmers commit mass suicide in India  WEDNESDAY 15 APRIL 2009  15000 killed in a state in india  Mr. Shahu livin in a district wer 206 killd themselves gave reasons y they committed suicide  Mr. Beturam’s (dead) family was debted with£ 400 for poor crop yield  Mr. prakash adds that the govt should take charge of such situations
  13. 13. Newspaper articles 2. Hindustan Times 9 Farmers End Lives in Vidarbha  Tragedy Toll rises to 65 in this month alone the Samiti has now decided to raise the issue of farmer suicides before the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC).  Nagpur - 27th March 2010  Nine more Vidarbha farmers have committed suicide in the last 48 hours.  With the death of these nine farmers, the toll has risen to 65 in this month alone.  In February 58 farmers had committed suicide  He said that as many as 195 farmers have committed suicide so far in 2010 owing to debts, drought and failed crops.  more than 7,300 farmers killed themselves in Maharashtra since 2004.
  14. 14. Case Study  This is the family of a 55 year old female killed herself on 10th June 2004  outstanding debt of Rs. 44,600, by 2005 the debt increased to 90,000  Family of a 65 year old male. Date of death is 31st May 2004.   debt of over 5,000 from the Regional Bank taken a loan of Rs. 10000 and he spent 60,000 and 4200 to get his sons married and treat his wife’s hand respectively  The family of a 38 year old male. Date of death is 24th September 2004   outstanding debt of Rs.15,000 from a bank supporting his mentally instable brothers family and has to get his daughter married.
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