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NOVEMBER - DECEMBER 2007 I VOL 17 I NO 6
Page 10 Annapolis Peace Conference
CONFIRMATION OF THE COVENANT IN 2008?
While in Israel, President Bush said he was sure a final treaty between Is-
rael and the Palestinians would be achieved before he left office in
January 2009. If this happens, it appears this would be the prophesied
confirmation of the covenant. The confirmation of the covenant is the
event that will signal the beginning of the final seven years to
Armageddon and the Second Coming.
Number of the Beast—666 or 616?
Page 19 In a few ancient manuscripts of the Bible, the mark of the beast is
616 recorded as 616, not 666. Since we are instructed to “count” or calcu-
late the number of the beast, we asked our resident Greek and Hebrew
advisor Dave Novick to explain which is really correct.
Page 26 The book of Daniel gives more specific time-frames for prophetic fulfill-
ment than any other book in the Bible. In this article, Craig Treadwell
gives us two of the prophetic equations given by Daniel. These two
equations give us formulae that enable us to understand the timing of
DE PA RTM E N TS
05 ARE WE APPROACHING ARMAGEDDON?
06 WORLD REVIEW
08 LETTERS AND FEEDBACK
13 PROPHECY CONFERENCES
18 POLITICS AND RELIGION RADIO
29 SHOP ENDTIME
Cover : (Nov. 27, 2008) Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert, left, President George W. Bush, and Palestinian President
Mahmoud Abbas shake hands following President Bush's address to more than 50 counties and organizations at the
Annapolis Conference in the Naval Academy's Memorial Hall. Photo courtesy of U.S. Navy by Gin Kai.
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Irvin Baxter Jr. - Editior-in-Chief
M A G A Z I N E
EDITOR-IN-CHIEF & CEO
Irvin Baxter, Jr.
DESIGN & LAYOUT
The Bible prophesies a “So ye in like manner, when ye
Simeon Young Jr. shall see these things come to
world government will be in pass, know that it is nigh, even at the doors.
STATEMENT OF FAITH
We believe that the Bible is the inspired Word of
power just before the Verily I say unto you, that this generation shall
God, that Jesus Christ is the Savior of the world, not pass, till all these things be done”
and that He will come again to establish a Second Coming of Jesus to
kingdom that shall never be destroyed (Daniel —Mark 13:29-30
2:44). Those who are born again (John 3:3-5).
will have eternal life and rule as kings and
the earth. The world is
priest with Christ forever. have been studying the prophecies of the Bible for forty
presently undergoing the years now. In that time, I have witnessed some in-
WHAT IS ENDTIME?
credible prophetic fulfillments. However, what is hap-
In 1968, Irvin Baxter jr. discovered the United
States and other modern nations in the Bible.
greatest restructuring pening now is different. The only way I can describe
He also found the Berlin Wall in the Bible and what I am feeling is “convergence.” I’m not talking about
that one day it was to be torn down, re-uniting process of all history. It is one or two, or even three, prophecies developing at the
Germany, and that event would be the cata-
same time. I am saying that all of the prophecies that are
lyst to spark an international movement called
the “New World Order.” These things have now
called “globalization” be- spoken of in scripture for the endtime are converging right
come to pass. Irvin Baxter Jr., a Pentecostal
minister, began Endtime Ministries in 1986
when he wrote A Message For The President, a
cause it is the setting up of For example, the Bible prophesies a war that will begin
from the Euphrates River. We are fighting along the Eu-
book explaining the major prophecies of the
Bible which he had been teaching since 1968. a global government. We phrates River in Iraq today.
After the fall of the Berlin Wall, prophetic fulfill-
ment accelerated rapidly. The decision was
made to launch Endtime magazine. The pur-
now have the World Trade Scripture foretells that the international community will
confirm the right of Israel to live in the Holy Land within in-
pose of the magazine is to explain the prophe-
cies of the Bible and to show that they are now Organization, the World ternationally recognized borders. President Bush claims that
being fulfilled in intricate detail. Articles focus will happen before he leaves office.
on the soon return of Jesus Christ, the truth of
the Bible, and the need for salvation. Endtime
Health Organization, the Revelation 13:16-18 speaks of a time when every per-
son will be forced to have a mark or a number without
does not deal with doctrinal controversies, as
valid as they may be. This will be left to other World Bank, the World which he or she will not be able to buy or sell. Out of 192
publications. nations on earth, 187 either have a national ID system or
ENDTIME is published bi-monthly by Endtime Inc., 2701 E
Court, the International have passed legislation to create one by 2010. The national
George Bush Turnpike, Plano, TX 75074. Subscription price ID is the mechanism that will be used by the Antichrist to
is $29 for 12 issues. Copyright 2007 Endtime, Inc. All rights
reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without written Monetary Fund, the World implement his mark of the beast program.
permission is prohibited. POSTMASTER: Send address
The Bible prophesies a world government will be in
changes to Endtime, P Box 940729, Plano, TX 75094-
0729. For subscriptions call 24 hrs/day, 7days/week 1-800-
Endtime. Other inquiries call 1-972-530-0100 9:00 a.m. to
Community, and on and on. power just before the Second Coming of Jesus to the earth.
5:00 p.m. (Central).
4 November - December 2007 I ENDTIMEMAGAZINE SubscribeNow I www.endtime.com I Call 1.800.Endtime
ARE WE APPROACHING
Nine specific prophecies in the Bible will occur within the final seven years
prior to the Battle of Armageddon. By examining these prophecies, we
can get a sense of how close we are to Armageddon.
The final seven years will begin when the Antichrist The Temple Mount will be placed under the supervi-
and the international community give their support to sion of the world community and the leader of the
Israel’s right to exist in the land promised to Abraham by world community, the Antichrist will stand on the Temple
God. This is called the confirmation of the covenant (Daniel Mount, claiming to be God (2 Thessalonians 2:3-4). Ehud
The world is presently undergoing the greatest restructuring 9:27 & Genesis 15:18). Israeli Prime Minister has openly Barak, Israeli Prime Minister in the year 2000, suggested
process of all history. It is called “globalization” because it stated that the number one goal of his administration is to placing the Temple Mount under UN control in order to
is the setting up of a global government. We now have the obtain the support of the international community for Is- make a sharing of the Temple Mount possible. When the
World Trade Organization, the World Health Organization, rael’s final borders. He hopes to achieve this by the end of UN takes control of the Temple Mount, the leader of the
the World Bank, the World Court, the International Monetary 2008. world government will feel justified in claiming ultimate
Fund, the World Community, and on and on. authority there.
The Bible states that as it was in the days of Lot, so A war will begin from the vicinity of the Euphrates
shall it be in the days of the coming of the Son of man. The River (Revelation 9:13-16). Most of the Euphrates A world government will dominate the world for three
prominent social condition of Lot’s day was homosexuality. River is in Iraq. The United States has 140,000 troops and one-half years prior to Armageddon (Daniel 7:23
Lot lived in Sodom, which bequeathed to the world the hor- stationed along the Euphrates at this time. The conflict & Revelation 13:7). The nations of the world are increas-
rible sin of sodomy (homosexuality). California recently between the U.S. and Islamic Fundamentalism is not di- ingly recognizing the authority of international law. We
passed a law against using the terms “father and mother” minishing, but increasing around the world. now have the World Bank, the World Trade Organization,
and “husband and wife” in public schools. This was done the World Health Organization and the World Court—just
in an effort to not discriminate against those from homosex- The West Bank (Judea) in Israel will become a place to name a few. We have a World Court to adjudicate the
ual lifestyles. The law also states that males can use female of great tribulation (Matthew 24:15-21). Ehud Olmert international laws of the emerging world government.
locker rooms and restrooms if they feel like they really are has openly said that he will withdraw from the West Bank
female. And females can use the male restrooms and locker (Judea) by the end of 2008. When Israel withdraws, the Each person on earth will be required to have a mark
rooms if they feel like they really are male. Is this the stance Hamas terrorist state will take over in Judea, precipitating or a number in order to buy or sell (Revelation 13:16-
of some weirdo fringe group? No! This was passed by the a bloodbath. 18). On May 11, 2005, President Bush signed the Real ID
California legislature and signed by Governor Arnold Act. The law requires that every American must have a
Swarzneggar! The Temple Mount in Jerusalem will be placed under national ID card by May 11, 2008. Without this card, a
All the prophecies given to us about the endtime are a sharing arrangement between Jew and Gentile person will not be able to hold a job or open a bank ac-
coming to pass right now! Jesus said about convergence, (Revelation 11:1-2). President Clinton suggested the count. Without a job or a bank account, how much buying
“So ye in like manner, when ye shall see these things come sharing of the Temple Mount in July of 2000. It is gener- and selling will an individual be able to do? Oh, by the
to pass, know that it is nigh, even at the doors. Verily I say ally believed this is the only possible solution to the Tem- way, you can’t get your card without giving your num-
unto you, that this generation shall not pass, till all these ple Mount dispute whenever the issue is finally resolved. ber…your social security number.
things be done” (Mark 13:29-30). e
The Jewish temple will be built on the Temple Mount The world community, led by Russia and Iran, will
(Revelation 11:1-2 & 2 Thessalonians 2:3-4). All the invade the nation of Israel (Zechariah 14:2-4 &
All of the prophecies that furniture for Israel’s Third Temple is now complete; Israel Ezekiel 38 & 39) Iran (Persia) and Russia (Meshech—
are spoken of in scripture has her long-sought-for red heifer, which is needed be- root word for Moscovi or Moscow) are now in alliance.
fore the re-establishment of temple worship; and in June Iran is the leading advocate of “wiping Israel off the
for the endtime are con- of 2005, the newly re-born Sanhedrin announced they map.” e
were proceeding with building the temple. They intend to
verging right now! pre-fabricate it off-site.
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WORLD EVENTS THROUGH THE EYES OF BIBLE PROPHECY
BY GINGER BOERKIRCHER
6th Trumpet Watch Iran who has announced that he wants to destroy Israel," Brown and other EU heads of state. Now the ratification
Taiwan referendum could lead to 'high-risk period' Bush said at a White House press conference. But Bush process will begin and is expected to be completed before
Beijing's top official on cross-Straits affairs is condemning seemed to do an “about face” when an intelligence report the end of 2008. The Treaty will come into effect on January
a referendum being pushed by Taiwan. Chen Yunlin, minister came out saying that Iran had stopped its nuclear weapons 9, 2009, and will create the new posts of permanent Pres-
of the Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council, called the program in 2003 just after invasion of Iraq. ident of the Council of Ministers and a new foreign policy
referendum to join the United Nations under the name of chief with supporting diplomatic service as well as abol-
Taiwan a "scheme" aimed at de jure independence. Taiwan EU Watch ishing vetoes in around 60 policy areas.
leader Chen Shui-bian says the referendum for Taiwan's Hungary first country to ratify new EU Treaty
admission to the UN will be slated for March, and that he Hungary set an example of the swift ratification needed to Mark of the Beast Watch
has no rights to "veto the referendum". Yunlin warned that implement the EU’s institutional reforms by January 2009. Federal ID plan raises privacy concerns
Beijing will stay on high alert, and if Taiwan's secession The Commission welcomed the vote as an important first Americans may soon need passports to board planes or to
from China should occur, we shall resort to necessary step in bringing the concrete benefits of the new EU Treaty picnic in a national park if they live in one of the states that
measures without hesitation. into effect. An overwhelming majority of 325 members of are defying the federal Real ID Act. The Department of
parliament voted in favor of the new Treaty, with only five Homeland Security insists Real ID is an essential weapon
Iran indicates it is building another nuclear plant opposed and 14 abstentions. in the war on terror. But more than half the nation's state
Iran confirmed that it had received the first fuel shipment legislatures have passed symbolic legislation denouncing
for its nuclear power plant, but also indicated for the first EU embassy mergers are step the plan. The ID cards would be mandatory for all "federal
time that it was building a second plant. The 360-megawatt closer to a superstate purposes," which include walking into a federal building or
indigenous nuclear plant is being built in Darkhovein. Iran's Europe has taken another big step towards becoming a su- national park, according to Homeland Security Secretary
Atomic Organization, Gholamreza Aghazadeh said that Iran perstate by proposing joint EU embassies throughout the Michael Chertoff.
needs to increase the centrifuges at the Natanz enrichment world. This suggestion came just days before the signing of
plant from 3,000 to 50,000, saying that with the current the EU treaty. Millions more ID records go missing
3,000, it could only produce fuel for a 100-megawatt plant. Records of more than three million British learner drivers
EU defense ministers give boost to are missing from a “secure facility” in the United States.
U.S. moves closer to space-based combat military spending Minutes after ministers admitted that they still did not know
The United States is developing a new space vehicle, which In a bid to improve the bloc’s military performance, EU de- the whereabouts of two discs holding sensitive information
could attack targets anywhere in the world within minutes. fense ministers increased the European Defense Agency's on 25 million people, they were forced to confess they had
Space warfare is deemed necessary to counter possible annual budget by one third. “Investing in the right technol- lost the details of all candidates for the driving theory test
missile attacks from enemy nations. A spokesman for the ogy is critical for the future of European defense and the between 2004 and 2007. The security breach came as min-
Pentagon's Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency strategy is exactly in line with the absolute requirement for isters were toughening sanctions against the willful abuse
(Darpa) said that a first test flight was scheduled for some- us to spend more, spend better and spend more together," of data.
time this year. says EU foreign policy chief Javier Solana.
ACLU presses candidates to repeal Real ID card law
Bush warns of World War III if Iran goes EU treaty to become UK law The American Civil Liberties Union and its New Hampshire
nuclear, then does about face The EU Reform Treaty will be transformed into United King- affiliate are trying to pressure presidential candidates to
U.S. President George W. Bush warned world leaders they dom law by an EU Reform Treaty Bill expected to be intro- publicly reject the Real ID law and to pledge to repeal it.
must prevent Iran from getting nuclear weapons "If you're duced into Parliament early in the year. At a ceremony in NHCLU Executive Director Claire says it’s important to know
interested in avoiding World War III." “We've got a leader in Lisbon, the Treaty was formally agreed upon by Gordon where the candidates stand on this issue. Although the New
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Hampshire Legislature, along with legislators in 16 other Herod’s quarry Ex-Mexican president: 'Amero' on the way
states, have rejected the de facto national ID card, and Israeli archaeologists have found the quarry that provided Former Mexican President Vicente Fox has confirmed the
statutes or resolutions have passed one chamber in eleven King Herod with the huge stone blocks used to renovate the existence of a plan conceived with President Bush to create
more states and have been introduced in eight states and Second Temple compound. Rabbi Chaim Richman of the a new regional currency in the Americas. Fox admitted he
the District of Columbia, it's going to take congressional ac- Temple Institute sees this as a confirmation of the presence and President Bush had agreed to pursue the Free Trade
tion to repeal the legislation. of God, saying the quarry was found at a time when Moslem Agreement of the Americas – a free-trade zone extending
authorities are trying to destroy any proof of the existence throughout the Western Hemisphere.
Privacy no longer means anonymity of two ancient temples on the Temple Mount. World Religion
Donald Kerr, the principal deputy director of national intel-
ligence, says privacy no longer can mean anonymity. Pri- Priestly blessing on Temple Mount World Religion Watch
vacy should mean that government and businesses properly The Priestly Blessing (Numbers 6:24-26) has been recited Catholic leader rejects 'Jewish state'
safeguard people's private communications and financial on the Temple Mount for arguably the first time since the During a pre-Christmas address, a top Roman Catholic cler-
information. In 1978, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance 1st-century destruction of the temple according to Rabbi gyman in the Holy Land said that Israel's identity as a Jew-
Act was hastily changed by lawmakers to allow the govern- Chaim Richman. A group of some 25 Jews, organized by the ish state discriminates against non-Jews. He said, “This
ment to eavesdrop inside the United States without court Temple Institute in Jerusalem, visited the Temple Mount to land cannot be exclusive for anyone.”
permission. commemorate the 842nd anniversary of Maimonides' fa-
mous visit to the Temple Mount. Christians, Muslims pledge to seek common ground
AT&T gave feds access to all Web, phone A wide range of Christian theologians and leaders endorsed
traffic, ex-tech says World Government Watch a document calling for increased efforts to work with Mus-
Mark Klein, a former AT&T technician, says he stumbled UN agency announces global standards lims. The new document, “Loving God and Neighbor To-
upon documents that show the National Security Agency for Internet television services gether: A Christian Response to ‘A Common Word between
(NSA) gained access to massive amounts of e-mail, Web The lead United Nations agency for Information and Com- Us and You,’” was signed by almost 300 Christians. The
search and other Internet records of more than a dozen munication Technology (ICT) has announced the first set of Yale document expanded to include endorsements from
global and regional telecom providers. Klein says AT&T al- global standards for providing television services over the Christian voices including Rick Warren, Robert Schuller, and
lowed the agency to hook into its network. Internet, a move that is expected to fuel innovation and David Neff, editor in chief of Christianity Today.
competition. Standards for Internet Protocol Television
There’s no hiding from the truth – you’re (IPTV) have been developed by the UN International Rise of Pentecostalism spurs call for Catholic 'self-ex-
on camera! Telecommunication Union (ITU) with input from service amination'
Mayor Bloomberg has said New Yorkers must face the fact providers and manufacturers. A top official at the Vatican called upon the Catholic Church
that they're being watched. Countless private security cam- to critically self-examine itself in response to the “expo-
eras eye the city at all times. Within just eight blocks, a Post U.S. agrees to Bali compromise nential” rise of Pentecostal movements. Cardinal Walter
reporter walking in Times Square was captured by at least The United States made a dramatic reversal when it ac- Kasper, who serves as president of the Pontifical Council
54 outdoor surveillance cameras. cepted a compromise to set the stage for intense negotia- for Promoting Christian Unity, said, “We must not ask first
tions in the next two years aimed at reducing carbon dioxide what is wrong with the Pentecostals but ask what our pas-
Middle East Watch emissions worldwide. The head of the U.S. delegation was toral failings are and come to a spiritual renewal."
Bush travels to Israel, West Bank booed when she announced that the United States was re-
President Bush recently made his first trip to Israel as pres- jecting the plan, but a delegate from Papua New Guinea Pope urges ‘reconciliation’ for world religion meeting
ident. The visit followed up on the progress made at the An- seemed to carry weight with the Americans when he chal- Pope Benedict XVI urged “reconciliation among peoples”
napolis conference in helping Israelis and Palestinians lenged the United States to "either lead, follow, or get out of ahead of the religious summit in Naples. It was the largest
advance their efforts toward peace and achievement of the the way.” inter-faith meeting held by the Pope. Benedict spoke with
President's vision of two democratic states. leading Muslim, Jewish, Buddhist, Anglican, Orthodox and
Global Carbon Tax Urged at UN Climate Conference other Christian figures. The meeting followed an open letter
Blair: Palestinian state by end of 2008 'possible' A global tax on carbon dioxide emissions was urged to help sent to the Pope and other Christian figures by 138 Muslim
According to Tony Blair, the establishment of a Palestinian save the Earth from global warming at the United Nations leaders, which urged greater efforts to bring the two reli-
state by the end 2008 is possible. He said that he knows climate conference. At least $10-$40 billion dollars per year gions together. e
President Bush well enough, and Bush would not have set could be generated by the tax, and wealthy nations like the
such a goal if he didn't believe it was possible. U.S. would bear the biggest burden based on the polluters
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LETTERS & FEEDBACK
THANK YOU FOR TAKING THE TIME TO SEND IN YOUR COMMENTS
& QUESTIONS PERTAINING TO ENDTIME EVENTS
Q: I know there are many speculations on what the Q: Where can I find a chronologic chart of endtime sume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever.”
seven thunders could be and why John was told not to events? Revelation 11:15 says, “And the seventh angel
write them. After listening to Endtime radio, reading sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying,
Paul William's book, and praying for wisdom, this idea A: You will find this in our course, Understanding the End- The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of
came to me. Could the seven thunders be the American time–Level 3, also called “Sequence of Endtime Events.” our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and
Hiroshima, when terrorists have plans to hit seven US We recommend that you get the DVD’s and the study man- ever.”
cities with nuclear bombs? ual in order to obtain a complete picture and well-rounded Revelation 20:6 describes the 1,000-year reign this
Why was John not allowed to write what he saw? My knowledge base. You may order UTE, Level 3, online at way: “Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first res-
opinion is that God has not yet decided the severity of www.endtime.com or by calling 1.800.endtime urrection: on such the second death hath no power, but
these attacks. He is still listening to the prayers of his (1.800.363.8463). they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign
saints concerning the safety of America. – Barbara We strongly suggest that you go through Understanding with him a thousand years.”
the Endtime–Level 1 before experiencing Level 3. We read yet another description in Isaiah 2:4, “And he
A: From the outset, allow me to be explicitly clear. I don’t shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many peo-
know what the seven thunders are. Would I like to know? ple: and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and
Absolutely! Q: Hello. First off I want to say I've appreciated read- their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up
It has been reported that Al Qaeda is planning to bomb ing/listening to your prophecy teachings. I am fairly sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any
seven U.S. cities with nuclear weapons. I don’t know if they new to your website. more.”
have the wherewithal to carry out their threat or not. I con- Now for my question: When Jesus comes after the The 1,000-year reign of Christ will be a time of peace
fess that I have wondered if such an attack could be the battle of Armageddon and establishes His kingdom, when mankind lives the way that God intended for him to
seven thunders. But again, I don’t claim to know. what is the 1,000-year reign of peace that He will usher live from the beginning of creation.
Why did God tell John not to write what the seven thun- in? What is that about?
ders said? Either He did not want anyone to know what
they said, or else He wanted to heighten the mystery. I tend A. The 1,000-year reign is the time known as the kingdom Q: I thought there was a red heifer in Texas, but I have
to think God may want someone to know. If not, why did He of God. It is referred to in many scriptures. just read this article: Rabbi Yisrael Ariel, Director of
mention the seven thunders at all. If God does want some- Daniel 2:44 described it this way: “And in the days of the Temple Institute, explained to Arutz-7 some of the
one to know, He will have to reveal it to whomsoever He these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, Halakhic [Jewish legal] aspects of the fashioning of the
chooses. which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom shall not vessels for the Temple. "For one thing," he said, "they
be left to other people, but it shall break in pieces and con- are made in impurity—for now we are impure, and will
PROPHECY FOR DETAILS E-MAIL KARA@ENDTIME .COM
CONFERENCE OR VICKIE@ENDTIME .COM OR CALL 1-800-
WITH TH E E ND TIME TE A M
8 November - December 2007 I ENDTIMEMAGAZINE SubscribeNow I www.endtime.com I Call 1.800.Endtime
remain impure until we are able to have a red heifer 1948, the Arab nations surrounding her launched a war Secondly, join the effort to inform every person you know.
whose ashes can be used in the Torah-prescribed pu- against her. Jordan was among those who launched the One of the best ways to do this is to purchase our DVD on
rification ceremony. If no red heifer is available for pu- war. When the ceasefire was reached in 1949, Jordan con- this subject: “666–How Close.” Once you have your own
rification, then the High Priest must even serve in the trolled the area of Judea and half the city of Jerusalem in- master copy, you have permission to make as many copies
Holy of Holies on Yom Kippur in a state of impurity." cluding the Temple Mount. as you wish to pass out to your friends and family.
Can you enlighten me on this? - Thanks Lola Jordan controlled the Temple Mount and the West Bank Third, contact your lawmakers urging them to pass a
for the next 19 years until the 1967 War. Jerusalem and bill against the Real ID in your state if they have not already
A: A few years ago, Rabbi Chaim Richman, Executive Di- the West Bank came into Israeli possession at that time. done so. Seventeen states already have. You can find out
rector of the Temple Institute serving under Rabbi Yisrael Some Israelis wanted to remove the Muslim shrines from the current status of your state by going to www.nonation-
Ariel, visited Mississippi to examine some red cattle as the Temple Mount and to rebuild Israel’s temple there. alid.com and clicking on the “resources” link. Under the
possibly qualifying as the red heifer Israel needs. At that However, the Israeli government returned the Temple Mount “websites” heading, click on the link for the “Real Night-
time, he said the heifers he saw would qualify. Later a to Islamic control for three reasons. 1. They feared precip- mare” website. This will bring you up to speed with how
heifer was born in Israel that they thought might qualify. Is- itating an attack by all the world’s Arabic nations. 2. They your state is fairing up against Real ID.
rael would prefer an Israeli-born heifer. This heifer then feared the adverse reaction by the world community. 3. Is- Lastly, contact U.S. senators and congressmen asking
developed white hairs in her tail and was disqualified by rael’s secular leaders did not want the rebuilding of the them to repeal the Real ID Act at the federal level. e
the rabbis. temple. They feared the Jewish revival this might trigger,
In May of 2006, Rabbi Richman told our tour group that suspecting it might topple them from power.
Israel had a qualified red heifer. I have attempted to find When Israel placed the daily operation of the Temple Comment: I simply wanted to inform you about our ac-
out more about this, but the sources of information have Mount under Islamic control, they requested that Jordan tivities here in Alabama. We will be lobbying for a Res-
dried up. continue to be the overseer of it. olution against REAL ID, sponsored by Rep. Cam Ward
The statement by Rabbi Ariel that the High Priest could Jordan has been the most pro-western and pro-Israeli this coming session. – Mike - No2RealID.org
serve in the Holy of Holies in a state of impurity is a new of the Arabic states. Jordan’s late revered King Hussein re-
statement to me. The times ahead are certainly going to ceived his education and military training in the United
be interesting! States. He also married an American wife. Jordan has been
the most skilful of all Arabic countries at straddling the
fence in volatile Middle Eastern politics. It appears that
Q: Please cover what Jordan's relationship with Israel she will succeed till the end.
is, and why do they have a part in the Temple Mount, or As you mentioned, Daniel 11:41 prophesies that Edom,
are they gaining control of it? And why? How does this Moab and the children of Ammon will escape the hand of
relate prophetically. In Daniel 11:41 Moab, Edom and the Antichrist. Edom is Petra in southern Jordan, the Moab
Ammon seem to be protected from the Antichrist. Why? Mountains are in central Jordan and Amman is Jordan’s
God bless you, and thanks for all your hard work. - capital city.
A: After the Ottoman Empire was defeated in World War I, Q: Thank you for "standing" against the Real ID Act. I
Palestine was made a British protectorate by the League of am against it, and many of my friends are against it.
Nations. The United Nations voted on November 29, 1947 What should we do? – Galen
to partition the Holy Land into a Jewish and Palestinian
homeland. When Israel declared independence on May 14, A: The plan of action is to first of all stand with us in prayer.
Due to increased demand, Endtime is offering members of its prophecy
team for local prophecy conferences. All team members work closely
with Irvin Baxter and have studied his material for years. Each minister
is available for conferences throughout the year, presenting the very best
and latest prophecy news and commentary
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CONFIRMATION OF THE COVENANT IN 2008?
IRVIN BAXTER JR.
10 November - December 2007 I ENDTIMEMAGAZINE SubscribeNow I www.endtime.com I Call 1.800.Endtime
A timetable has been set to conclude a final treaty resolving all out-
standing Palestinian-Israeli issues. The Saudi Arabian government
claims the Bush administration promised that an agreement would
be achieved within twelve months of the conference.
he confirmation of the covenant, as prophesied in the before the conference began, Secretary of State Con- covenant made by God in Genesis 15:18, because the other
Bible, will mark the beginning of the final seven years doleezza Rice said the United States will try to close a peace two events foretold in the Daniel 9:27 prophecy also pertain
to Armageddon. This confirmation will consist of two deal between Israel and the Palestinians before President to the Abrahamic covenant. The other two things the
things: George W. Bush's term ends in January 2009, but she cau- prophecy says the Antichrist will do are: to stop the offering
1. The confirmation by the world community of Israel’s tioned there is no guarantee of success. Rice said Israeli of sacrifices and to stand in the Jewish temple claiming
right to exist in the Holy Land within internationally recog- and Palestinian leaders have pledged to work for a deal set- supreme authority there. Both of these events will take
nized borders. ting up an independent Palestinian state before President place three and one-half years after the confirmation.
2. The establishment of a sharing arrangement on the George W. Bush leaves office. Understanding these things enables us to know with
Temple Mount between Jew and Gentile. This sharing If this is accomplished, it appears the confirmation of certainty two major things that will happen during the first
arrangement will allow for the building of Israel’s Third Tem- the covenant will take place within the next twelve months. three and one-half years immediately following the confir-
ple there, while not disturbing the Muslim holy sites. If the confirmation does occur, the final seven years proph- mation of the covenant. 1. Israel’s Third Temple will be re-
The goals of the international peace conference in An- esied in the Bible will begin. built on the Temple Mount. 2. Animal sacrifices will be
napolis, Maryland on November 26-27, 2007 were: Once again, if the goals set at Annapolis are actually resumed in the rebuilt temple.
1. To launch negotiations to determine the final inter- achieved, it appears that the final seven years to Armaged- We know this because the Antichrist could not stand in
nationally recognized borders between Israel and a Pales- don and the Second Coming will begin in 2008! the temple, as he is prophesied to do (2 Thessalonians 2:3-
tinian state. 4 & Revelation 11:1-2), if there were no temple. He also
2. To settle the final status of Jerusalem, which would What is the confirmation of the covenant? could not stop the sacrifices like the prophecy says unless
include the final status of the Temple Mount. Daniel 9:27 states that the leader of the international com- the sacrifices were in progress.
In other words, the stated goal of the peace conference munity, the Antichrist, will confirm a covenant with Israel for So the confirmation of the covenant is simply the recog-
in Annapolis, Maryland was the confirmation of the seven years. The “covenant” refers to the Abrahamic nition by the world community of Israel’s right to exist in
covenant as prophesied in scripture! covenant spoken of repeatedly in scripture. the Holy Land within internationally recognized borders. Fur-
It was known going into the conference that this goal “In the same day the LORD made a ‘covenant’ with thermore, it will open the door for the building of the Jewish
would not be achieved at Annapolis. The purpose of the Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from temple and the resumption of animal sacrifice.
conference was not to conclude an agreement, but rather to the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates.”
restart the Israeli-Palestinian peace process that has lain Genesis 15:18 A little history leading up to Annapolis
dormant since the Camp David talks broke down in July of “I also established my ‘covenant’ with them to give Since the stated goals of the Annapolis Conference match
2000. them the land of Canaan, where they lived as aliens.” Ex- perfectly the things prophesied for the confirmation of the
A timetable has been set to conclude a final treaty re- odus 6:4 covenant, the conference is of incredible interest to Christians
solving all outstanding Palestinian-Israeli issues. The Saudi The covenant is God’s promise to Abraham and to his everywhere. If these goals are actually achieved, we could
Arabian government claims the Bush administration prom- descendants after him that the land of Israel will be their find ourselves entering the final seven years to Armageddon
ised that an agreement would be achieved within twelve homeland forever. and the Second Coming.
months of the conference. On November 21, 2007, just days We know the covenant referred to in Daniel 9:27 is the So what was Annapolis all about? For a long time, it has
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In his first speech as the new UN
The Annapolis Declaration Secretary General on January 1,
THE FOLLOWING IS THE F UL L TE X T O F TH E A NNA PO L IS D E C L A R ATIO N
2007, Ban Ki-Moon said that the
he representatives of the government of the state of Israel and the Palestinian
T Liberation Organization, represented respective by Prime Minister Ehud
Olmert, and President Mahmoud Abbas in his capacity as Chairman of the PLO
Executive Committee and President of the Palestinian Authority, have convened in
Israeli-Palestinian issue was at
the core of solving all the prob-
Annapolis, Maryland, under the auspices of President George W. Bush of the United
lems in the Middle East. This belief
States of America, and with the support of the participants of this international con-
ference, having concluded the following joint understanding. echoed similar statements made
We express our determination to bring an end to bloodshed, suffering and
decades of conflict between our peoples; to usher in a new era of peace, based on
about the Middle East by British
freedom, security, justice, dignity, respect and mutual recognition; to propagate a Prime Minister Tony Blair. Blair
culture of peace and nonviolence; to confront terrorism and incitement, whether
committed by Palestinians or Israelis. In furtherance of the goal of two states, Israel had expressed the opinion that
and Palestine, living side by side in peace and security, we agree to immediately
peace in the Middle East was the
launch good-faith bilateral negotiations in order to conclude a peace treaty, resolv-
ing all outstanding issues, including all core issues without exception, as specified world’s number one priority.
in previous agreements.
We agree to engage in vigorous, ongoing and continuous negotiations, and shall been believed by many world leaders that the Israeli-Pales-
tinian conflict is the core of the international war on terror-
make every effort to conclude an agreement before the end of 2008. For this pur-
ism. Many have said that we will never have true peace on
pose, a steering committee, led jointly by the head of the delegation of each party, earth until we resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
will meet continuously, as agreed. The steering committee will develop a joint work On December 12, 2006, in one of his last speeches as
UN Secretary General, Kofi Annan made an impassioned
plan and establish and oversee the work of negotiations teams to address all issues,
plea to the UN Security Council for peace in the Middle East.
to be headed by one lead representative from each party. The first session of the He pointed out the potential for the region to disintegrate
steering committee will be held on 12 December 2007. into a new and unpredictable round of violence if fresh
moves toward peace were not taken soon. “We need a new
President Abbas and Prime Minister Olmert will continue to meet on a bi-weekly
and urgent push for peace…with principled, concerted help
basis to follow up the negotiations in order to offer all necessary assistance for from the international community,” he said.
their advancement. Annan contended that there is no serious question about
the broad outline of a final settlement between Israel and
The parties also commit to immediately implement their respective obligations
the Palestinians, since the two sides have come very close
under the performance-based road map to a permanent two-state solution to the to an agreement on terms in previous negotiations. The
Israel-Palestinian conflict, issued by the Quartet on 30 April 2003 - this is called the agreement will provide for two states, Israel and Palestine,
within secure, recognized and negotiated boundaries based
road map - and agree to form an American, Palestinian and Israeli mechanism, led
on those of June 4, 1967. The final terms will allow both Is-
by the United States, to follow up on the implementation of the road map. rael and Palestine to establish their internationally recog-
The parties further commit to continue the implementation of the ongoing obli- nized capitals in Jerusalem, and ensure access for people
of all faiths to their holy places.
gations of the road map until they reach a peace treaty. The United States will mon-
In his first speech as the new UN Secretary General on
itor and judge the fulfillment of the commitment of both sides of the road map. January 1, 2007, Ban Ki-Moon said that the Israeli-Pales-
Unless otherwise agreed by the parties, implementation of the future peace treaty tinian issue was at the core of solving all the problems in
the Middle East. This belief echoed similar statements
will be subject to the implementation of the road map, as judged by the United
made about the Middle East by British Prime Minister Tony
States. (EDITOR’S NOTE: “As judged by President Bush”) Blair. Blair had expressed the opinion that peace in the Mid-
dle East was the world’s number one priority.
In early 2007, it became apparent that a major peace
offensive for the Middle East was being launched by the
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516 BC—ZERUBBABEL FINISHES TEMPLE
Then he answered and spake unto me, saying, This is the word of the LORD unto
Zerubbabel, saying, Not by might, nor by power, but by my spirit, saith the LORD of
hosts. Who art thou, O great mountain? before Zerubbabel thou shalt become a plain:
History of the Temple Mount and he shall bring forth the headstone thereof with shoutings, crying, Grace, grace-
unto it. Moreover the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, The hands of Zerub-
babel have laid the foundation of this house; his hands shall also finish it; and thou
2000 BC (APPROX)—ABRAHAM OFFERS ISAAC ON MT. MORIAH shalt know that the LORD of hosts hath sent me unto you. Zechariah 4:6-9
And he said, Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee
into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the moun- 19 BC—HEROD THE GREAT BEAUTIFIES AND ENLARGES THE TEMPLE
tains which I will tell thee of. Genesis 22:2
JESUS PROPHESIED DESTRUCTION OF THE SECOND TEMPLE
1000 BC (APPROX)—DAVID PURCHASES THE TEMPLE MOUNT And Jesus went out, and departed from the temple: and his disciples came to him for
And the king said unto Araunah, Nay; but I will surely buy it of thee at a price: neither to show him the buildings of the temple. And Jesus said unto them, See ye not all
will I offer burnt offerings unto the LORD my God of that which doth cost me nothing. these things? verily I say unto you, There shall not be left here one stone upon another,
So David bought the threshingfloor and the oxen for fifty shekels of silver. 2 Samuel that shall not be thrown down. Matthew 24:1-2
TEMPLE MOUNT IS MT. MORIAH
Then Solomon began to build the house of the LORD at Jerusalem in Mount Moriah, 70 AD—SECOND TEMPLE DESTROYED BY ROMANS
where the LORD appeared unto David his father, in the place that David had prepared
in the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite. 2 Chronicles 3:1 70 AD–1948 AD—1878 YEARS OF JEWISH EXILE
JERUSALEM: I WILL PUT MY NAME THERE 1948—ISRAEL REBORN
And he (Manasseh) set a graven image of the grove that he had made in the house,
of which the LORD said to David, and to Solomon his son, In this house, and in 1967—TEMPLE MOUNT CAPTURED BY ISRAEL
Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all tribes of Israel, will I put my name forever: Israeli government places Temple Mount under Muslim control
2 Kings 21:7
1993—OSLO ACCORDS SIGNED
968 BC—FIRST TEMPLE DEDICATED The Accords called for settling the status of Jerusalem by 1995.
Now when Solomon had made an end of praying, the fire came down from heaven, and
consumed the burnt offering and the sacrifices; and the glory of the LORD filled the 2000—CLINTON PURPOSES SHARING OF THE TEMPLE MOUNT
house. And the priests could not enter into the house of the LORD, because the glory
of the LORD had filled the LORD’S house. 2 Chronicles 7:1 2002—QUARTET ALLIANCE FORMED FOR THE MIDDLE EAST
JEREMIAH PROPHESIES 70 YEARS OF EXILE IN BABYLON 2003—ROADMAP FOR PEACE PRESENTED TO ISRAELIS AND PALESTINIANS
And this whole land shall be a desolation, and an astonishment; and these nations
shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years. 12And it shall come to pass, when sev- 2004—SHARON ANNOUNCES DISENGAGEMENT PLAN
enty years are accomplished, that I will punish the king of Babylon, and that nation,
saith the LORD, for their iniquity, and the land of the Chaldeans, and will make it per- 2005—SHARON WITHDRAWS FROM GAZA IN AUGUST
petual desolations. Jeremiah 25:11-12
2005—SEPTEMBER 20, 2005: QUARTET REAFFIRMS SUPPORT FOR ROADMAP
586 BC—NEBUCHADNEZZAR DESTROYS FIRST TEMPLE
And in the fifth month, on the seventh day of the month, which is the nineteenth year JUNE 2007—BLAIR APPOINTED ENVOY FOR QUARTET
of king Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, came Nebuzaradan, captain of the guard,
a servant of the king of Babylon, unto Jerusalem: 9And he burnt the house of the NOVEMBER 27, 2007—ANNAPOLIS PEACE CONFERENCE
LORD, and the king’s house, and all the houses of Jerusalem, and every great man’s
house burnt he with fire. 2 Kings 25:8-9 GOAL FOR 2008: CONFIRMATION OF THE COVENANT
CYRUS PROPHESIED TO REBUILD THE TEMPLE The Third Temple will be rebuilt and animal sacrifices resumed within three and one-
That saith of Cyrus, He is my shepherd, and shall perform all my pleasure: even half years after the confirmation of the covenant.
saying to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be built; and to the temple, Thy foundation shall be
laid. Isaiah 44:28
538 BC—CYRUS COMMANDS BUILDING OF SECOND TEMPLE
Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the LORD spoken by the
mouth of Jeremiah might be accomplished, the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus
king of Persia, that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and put it
also in writing, saying, Thus saith Cyrus king of Persia, All the kingdoms of the earth
hath the LORD God of heaven given me; and he hath charged me to build him an
house in Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Who is there among you of all his people? The
LORD his God be with him, and let him go up. 2 Chronicles 36:22-23
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Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Adm. Edmund Gi-
ambastiani, left, talks with European Union Secretary Gen-
eral and High Representative Javier Solana in the Pentagon.
Photo courtesy of U.S. Navy / Department of Defense by
List of Annapolis delegation leaders
THE HEADS OF EACH DELEGATION ATTENDING THE MIDEAST PEACE SUMMIT
IN ANNAPOLIS, MARYLAND, AS PROVIDED BY THE STATE DEPARTMENT:
OFTHECOUNCILOFTHEEUROPEANUNION President George W. Bush visits the Azores for a one-day
,PORTUGUESEFOREIGNMINISTERLUISAMADO emergency summit with Portuguese Prime Minister Jose
Manuel Durao Barroso (left), British Prime Minister Tony
RUSSIA,FOREIGNMINISTERSERGEYLAVROV Blair, and Spanish Prime Minister Jose Maria Aznar (right), to
UNITEDNATIONS,SECRETARY-GENERALBANKI-MOON discuss the possibilities of war. Photo courtesy of U.S. Air
QUARTETREPRESENTATIVE,TONYBLAIR,MIDDLEEASTENVOY Force by Staff Sgt. Michelle Michaud
not interested in a peace process that would drag on for many
world community. Condoleezza Rice let it be known that LEBANON,FOREIGNMINISTERTAREKMITRI
years, ultimately creating more problems than it solved. The
President Bush would love to see an agreement between SYRIA,DEPUTYFOREIGNMINISTERFAYSALMEKDAD Bush administration promised it wouldn’t happen. “We intend
Palestinians and Israelis before the end of his presidency. ARABLEAGUE,SECRETARYGENERALAMRMOUSSA to conclude a final agreement on all issues within one year,”
The year 2007 became the year of the Middle East. Rice CHINA,FOREIGNMINISTERYANGJIECHI President Bush promised. The Saudis were in.
traveled to Israel eight times in eleven months. EU High By the time the delegates were counted, an amazing forty-
Representative for Foreign Affairs Javier Solana continually JAPAN,TATSUOARIMA,SPECIALENVOYFORTHEMIDDLEEAST
six nations sent representatives to Annapolis. Each of the G8,
met with the different key players in the region. Even UN VATICAN,PIETROPAROLIN,UNDERSECRETARYOFFOREIGNAFFAIRS the world’s eight richest nations, sent delegations. All five of
Secretary General Ban visited the state of Israel. INTERNATIONALMONETARYFUND,MANAGINGDIRECTORDOMINIQUESTRAUSS-KAHN the permanent members of the UN Security Council were
Before stepping down as Great Britain’s prime minister, WORLDBANK,PRESIDENTROBERTZOELLICK there. Interestingly, the Vatican’s undersecretary of foreign af-
rumors began to fly that Tony Blair would become special fairs Pietro Parolin was in attendance. The head of the World
envoy to the Middle East from the Quartet, thus representing MOROCCO,FOREIGNMINISTERTAIEBFASSIFIHRI
Bank and the head of the International Monetary Fund at-
the entire world community to the Middle East. Within days, QATAR,FOREIGNMINISTERAHMEDBINABDULLAAL-MAHMOUD tended. It was obvious that any deal in the Middle East was
the rumors were validated. Blair accepted the position. With SUDAN,AMBASSADORJOHNUKEC going to require big investments to implement. That’s the rea-
the appointment of such a high-profile person to the envoy TUNISIA,FOREIGNMINISTERABDELWAHABABDALLAH son it was critical for these international financial organizations
position, it was obvious that a decision had been taken by to be represented.
the world community to make peace in the Middle East its ITALY
*NOTE: For a complete list of attendees, see side bar,
highest priority. UNITEDKINGDOM,SECRETARYOFSTATEFORFOREIGNAFFAIRSDAVIDMILIBAND “Delegates attending Annapolis Peace Summit.”
In July, President Bush announced his plans to hold an BRAZIL,FOREIGNMINISTERCELSOAMORIM Twenty-four hours before the conference began, Con-
international conference on the Middle East in the fall. Is- DENMARK,FOREIGNMINISTERPERSTIGMOELLER doleezza Rice still did not have a declaration of principles that
raeli Prime Minister Olmert and Palestinian Chairman Abbas both Israelis and Palestinians would sign. Finally, at the
began to meet bi-weekly in an attempt to arrive at a position INDONESIA,FOREIGNMINISTERHASSANWIRAJUDA
eleventh hour, the deal was struck. The Annapolis Declaration
paper that would be agreed upon at the conference. In spite MALAYSIA,FOREIGNMINISTERSYEDHAMIDALBAR was signed.
of much cajoling and arm-twisting, a joint declaration of MAURITANIA,FOREIGNMINISTERMOHAMEDAHMEDOULDMOHAMEDLEMINE
principles just could not be agreed to. MEXICO,FOREIGNRELATIONSUNDERSECRETARYLOURDESARANDA
The date for the peace conference was left very much up
in the air while Rice, Abbas and Olmert attempted to pound ORGANIZATIONOFTHEISLAMICCONFERENCE,SECRETARY-GENERAL
out a document of agreement. Finally, a date was EKMELEDDINIHSANOGLU
set…agreement or no agreement. The meeting would be OMAN,FOREIGNMINISTERYUSUFBINALAWIBINABDULLA
held in Annapolis, Maryland, on November 26-27, 2007. PAKISTAN,FOREIGNSECRETARYRIAZMOHAMMADKHAN
What happened at Annapolis? SLOVENIA,FOREIGNMINISTERDIMITRIJRUPEL
From the outset, the jury was very much out on who would SOUTHAFRICA,FOREIGNMINISTERNKOSAZANADLAMINIZUMA
respond to President Bush’s invitation to Annapolis. The SPAIN,MINISTEROFFOREIGNAFFAIRSMIGUELANGELMORATINOS
Palestinians said they would not attend unless there was SWEDEN,FOREIGNMINISTERCARLBILDT
agreement in advance on the core issues. Egypt was in. Jor-
dan was in. Saudi Arabia seemed ready to stay home until CONFERENCECHAIRPERSON,U.S.SECRETARYOFSTATECONDOLEEZZARICE
Secretary of Defense Robert M. Gates hosts a Pentagon
meeting with European Union Secretary General and High
the U.S. used all of its diplomatic capital to get the Saudis Representative Javier Solana. Photo courtesy of U.S. Navy /
to change their minds. Finally, the Saudis said they were Department of Defense by R.D. Ward
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16 November - December 2007 I ENDTIMEMAGAZINE SubscribeNow I www.endtime.com I Call 1.800.Endtime
We know that the event called the confirmation of the covenant is going to take
place. It’s in the prophecies of the Bible. The only question is when. In light of
recent events, it appears that the most likely time for the confirmation of the
covenant is during this year of 2008.
President Bush coupled with overwhelming Palestinian and Israeli public “I believe that there is no path other than peace. I be-
The first speaker at Annapolis was the host of the meeting, opinion in support of Annapolis, must be seized in order to lieve that there is no just solution other than the solution of
President George Bush. His message was clear: “We meet be a launching pad for a negotiations process. The possi- two national states for two peoples. I believe that there is
to lay the foundation for the establishment of a new na- bilities offered by today's conference must not be wasted. no path which does not involve painful compromise for you
tion—a democratic Palestinian state that will live side by This window of opportunity might never open again and if Palestinians, and for us Israelis. I want to thank you, Pres-
side with Israel in peace and security.” President Bush is it does, it might never claim the same consensus or mo- ident George Bush, an ally in the path of peace, for your
the first U.S. president to openly call for the establishment mentum.” willingness to assist in the historic process of peace and
of a Palestinian state. Abbas concluded his remarks by expressing hope that reconciliation between us and our neighbors.
The President then proceeded to read the Annapolis “…a genuine peace can be achieved soon, before the end “I believe it is time. We are ready. I invite you, my friend
Declaration that had been agreed to by Israeli Prime Min- of your term, Mr. President.” Mahmoud Abbas, and your people, to join us in this long,
ister Ehud Olmert and Palestinian Authority President Mah- tormenting and complex path, for which there is no substi-
moud Abbas. Prime Minister Olmert tute. “Together we will start. Together we will arrive.”
President Bush concluded his speech by listing three The third speaker of the Annapolis Conference was Israeli With the conclusion of the Annapolis Conference, nego-
reasons why the time is ripe for the achievement of peace Prime Minister Ehud Olmert. After enumerating all of the tiations between the Palestinian and Israeli negotiating
in the Middle East. He said, “First, the time is right because obstacles that stand between the Middle East and peace, teams began immediately.
Palestinians and Israelis have leaders who are determined Prime Minister Olmert went on to say, “I do not ignore all the During the week of December 17, 2007, an international
to achieve peace. Second, the time is right because a battle obstacles which are sure to emerge along the way. They are donors’ conference was held in Paris to raise the funds that
is underway for the future of the Middle East—and we right in front of me. I came here, despite the concerns and would be needed for building the new Palestinian state.
must not cede victory to the extremists. Third, the time is doubts and hesitations, to say to you, President Mahmoud Eighty-seven countries and international organizations
right because the world understands the urgency of sup- Abbas, and through you, to your people and to the entire pledged $7.4 billion over the next three years to the Pales-
porting these negotiations.” Arab world: it is time. We no longer, and you no longer, have tinians.
the privilege of clinging to dreams which are disconnected
President Abbas from the sufferings of our peoples, the hardships they ex- What does it all mean?
Palestinian Authority President Abbas was the next speaker perience daily and the burden of living under ongoing uncer- We know that the event called the confirmation of the
at Annapolis. He said that the Annapolis Conference sym- tainty, with no chance for change or hope. covenant is going to take place. It’s in the prophecies of the
bolized the crystallization of the entire world's will in its “We want peace. We demand an end to terror, incite- Bible. The only question is when. In light of recent events,
march towards achieving a comprehensive and lasting ment and hatred. We are willing to make a painful compro- it appears that the most likely time for the confirmation of
peace in Middle East and in bringing long-anticipated jus- mise, rife with risks, in order to realize these aspirations. the covenant is during this year of 2008.
tice to Palestine where oppression, wars, occupation and vi- “The negotiations between us will not be here in An- Whether it does happen in 2008 or a little later, one thing
olence have prevailed in the previous decades. napolis, but rather in our home and in yours. It will be bi- is certain: The endtime clock is ticking louder than ever! If
To President Bush he said, “We hope that this will be lateral, direct, ongoing and continuous, in an effort to we are to reach this world with the gospel of Jesus Christ,
the culmination of your legacy for the world—a world more complete it during the course of 2008. we must do it now! If the church is ever to rise to the occa-
free of violence, persecution and fanaticism.” “It will address all the issues which have thus far been sion of world evangelism, the time for it is now!
Abbas went on to stress that “…the exceptionally broad evaded. We will do it directly, openly and courageously. We What if the final seven years does begin in 2008? What
participation of our brothers and sisters from Arab and Is- will not avoid any subject; we will deal with all the core is- will we do about it? Will we be galvanized into an escalated
lamic countries, the Quartet, the G8 and the permanent sues. passion for the lost? Shouldn’t we be mobilizing even now?
members of the United Nations, in addition to many Euro- “The negotiations will be based on previous agreements We can’t be energized too early! We are definitely going to
pean and Asian countries, as well as members from the between us, UN Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338, run out of time no matter how quickly we move. Let’s do it
Non-Alliance block and the African continent, in a confer- the Roadmap and the April 14, 2004 letter of President Bush now!
ence unique in the conflict's history, is a driving force that to the Prime Minister of Israel. At this moment, I hear the lone prayer request of our
helps imbue the conference with added legitimacy.” “On conclusion of the negotiations, I believe that we will Lord and Savior Jesus Christ ringing in my ears: “Pray ye
Expressing the urgency of the Annapolis Conference, be able to reach an agreement which will fulfill the vision of therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he will send forth la-
Abbas said, “It is no exaggeration to say, Your Excellency, President Bush: two states for two peoples. A peace-seek- borers into his harvest.” Will you respond to Jesus’ prayer
that today marks a juncture in the history of our region— ing, viable, strong, democratic and terror-free Palestinian request? e
a juncture between two eras: The Pre-Annapolis era and its state for the Palestinian people. A Jewish, democratic State
aftermath. In other words, the exceptional opportunity that of Israel, living in security and free from the threat of ter-
the Arab, Islamic and international presence brings today ror—the national home of the Jewish people.
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SOME MODERN VERSIONS OF THE BIBLE AS WELL AS RECENT NEWS ARTICLES CALL THE ACCEPTED
R E A D ING O F R E VELATION 13:18 INTO QUESTION. DO THESE CLAIMS HAVE MERIT?
ick up almost any English version of the Bible, and man; and his number is Six hundred threescore and six.” days’ character known as the antichrist has caused it to be
turn to Revelation 13:18. It will read something like, While this Biblical verse may not be the best known, the popularized, sometimes glamorized, and often feared by
“Here is wisdom. Let him that hath understanding number six hundred and sixty six contained within it is rec- religious and non-religious people alike. However, some
count the number of the beast: for it is the number of a ognized by most. This number’s association with the last have cast doubt on the authenticity of this reading, and
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The margin of the New Revised Standard Version reads, “Other ancient authorities read six hundred sixteen.” The
notes in the New American Standard Bible say, “One early manuscript reads ‘616.” Furthermore, news articles
have appeared with such ominous titles as, “Beast’s Real Mark Devalued to ‘616’” and “666 Wrong Number of
Prophetic Beast?” All of these things raise the question, “What is the real number of the beast as recorded in
asked the question, “Is 666 really the number of the are written in this book.” - Revelation 22:18-19. Knowing icism is a branch of philology that studies manuscripts or
beast?” For example, the margin of the New Revised Stan- the number of the beast as given to John by God and not printings to determine the original form of a text. New Tes-
dard Version reads, “Other ancient authorities read six hun- changing it is essential, if we are to please the Lord. The tament textual criticism seeks to study the large body of
dred sixteen.” The notes in the New American Standard second reason for seeking an answer to this question is manuscripts, early quotations, lectionaries (readings used for
Bible say, “One early manuscript reads 616.” Furthermore, found in Revelation 13:18, the verse under discussion. It church services), and translations in an effort to ascertain
news articles have appeared with such ominous titles as, begins, “Here is wisdom. Let him that hath understanding the accurate reading of the New Testament. Some would ask,
“Beast’s Real Mark Devalued to ‘616’” and “666 Wrong count the number of the beast.” It is God’s will that “Why is this necessary? Don’t we have the original manu-
Number of Prophetic Beast?” All of these things raise the mankind gain wisdom and understanding from His Word scripts, as penned by their authors?” The answer unfortu-
question, “What is the real number of the beast as with respect to end time Bible prophecy and the signs given nately is no. No original New Testament writings exist today.
recorded in Revelation 13:18?” therein – including the number of the beast. Only by having However, we do have an abundance of New Testament man-
Answering this question accurately is of great impor- an accurate understanding of the number of the beast can uscripts written in the original Greek language. In addition we
tance for two reasons. First, this verse was not penned in mankind successfully interpret Bible prophecy as it relates have many citations of the New Testament contained in quo-
a casual work of literature. Its origin is the Bible, God’s to the person of the antichrist. Given that we live in the tations from early church writers and lectionaries, as well as
Word. How important is the Bible? Deuteronomy 8:3 states last days, where many of these prophecies are now being numerous ancient translations into other languages such as
clearly that, “Man doth not live by bread only, but by every fulfilled, this understanding is essential. Because Revela- Latin, Coptic, and Syriac. With such a large number of docu-
word that proceedeth out of the mouth of the LORD.” The tion 13:18 is found in God’s unchanging Word, and because ments spanning such a long period of time, it is no surprise
Book of Revelation gives clear warning that its words are we know that God wants us to understand Bible prophecy, that some differences have emerged between manuscripts,
precious, and are not to be tampered with. In Revelation’s let’s look at the evidence and answer the question, “The including those of the book of Revelation. New Testament tex-
closing verses, we find Jesus saying, “For I testify unto number of the beast – 666 or 616?” tual criticism seeks to understand and resolve these differ-
every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of this ences. Textual criticism is an area of study that is very deep
book, If any man shall add unto these things, God shall New Testament Manuscripts and very wide. In fact, some scholars are dedicated to nothing
add unto him the plagues that are written in this book: And Understanding why some question the reading “666” in but the study of New Testament textual criticism. In light of
if any man shall take away from the words of the book of Revelation 13:18 as well as determining the correct reading that, it is impossible to present a complete treatment of the
this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of this verse requires an investigation into the area of New textual factors that go into determining the number of the
of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which Testament studies known as textual criticism. Textual crit- beast in this article. In addition, research in this field contin-
Understanding why some question
the reading “666” in Revelation
13:18 as well as determining the
correct reading of this verse re-
quires an investigation into the
area of New Testament studies
known as textual criticism. Textual
criticism is a branch of philology
that studies manuscripts or print-
ings to determine the original
form of a text.
(FIGURE 1) P115 (also called P. Oxy. 4499), dates from
around 300 AD and contains some or all of 12 chapters
from the book of Revelation, including Revelation 13:18.
It records 616 as the number of the beast using Greek
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ues and new discoveries are continually made. However, what Although the vast majority of manuscripts give the number of
follows is an overview of key factors that help to explain the
questions and seek to provide reasonable answers. the beast as six hundred sixty six, four (two pre-sixth century
Textual Witnesses and two no longer existent post-eighth century) are known to
According to Aland’s “The Text of the New Testament”, a
well known text on New Testament textual criticism, over state 616 as the number.
2300 Greek manuscripts of the New Testament exist today
[Aland, “Text of NT” 83]. Of these manuscripts, more than
280 contain some or all of the Book of Revelation. Exam-
ining Revelation 13:18 in these manuscripts reveals that
there are differences between them. Some manuscripts
spell out the number using Greek words, some use letters
to represent numbers (similar to Roman numerals). Al-
though the vast majority of manuscripts give the number
of the beast as six hundred sixty six, four (two pre-sixth
century and two no longer existent post-eighth century) are
known to state 616 as the number and one 11th century
manuscript gives 665. This explains why the question
about 666 vs. 616 has been raised. Although one could
argue that the fact that the majority of manuscripts contain
666 closes the question, textual criticism acknowledges
that not all manuscripts are created equal. Some are more
reliable than others, based on numerous factors, including
age, condition, and history. So, let’s look at some of the
oldest and most respected Greek manuscripts that contain
Much of the recent stir about 616 has arisen due to re-
newed studies of a group of very old manuscripts originally
discovered in 1895 by archaeologists at the site of an an-
cient garbage dump in Oxyrhynchus in Egypt. Many of the
Oxyrhynchus manuscripts consist of New Testament pa-
pyri, and are very old when compared to other manu-
scripts. One of them named P115 (also called P. Oxy. 4499),
dates from around 300 AD and contains some or all of 12
chapters from the Book of Revelation, including Revelation
13:18. It records 616 as the number of the beast using
Greek letters (see figure 1). Because of this manuscript’s
age, some have jumped to the conclusion that this must be
the original reading. However, this conclusion cannot be
made. Other evidence must be considered. For example,
three manuscripts from the Chester Beatty Papyri include
portions of the New Testament. One of these named P47,
dates from the 3rd century and contains chapters 9-17 of
Revelation. In its reading of Revelation 13:18, it states that
the number of the beast is 666, using Greek letters (see fig-
ure 2). So, two equally old papyri have both readings – 666
Other ancient manuscripts contain similar differences.
The uncial manuscripts consist of those written with Greek
capital letters. Around 100 of these date from before the
7th century. Six uncials are known to contain Revelation
13 [Aland, “Text of NT” Chart 6K] and are noteworthy in
this discussion. Codex a (Aleph – the first letter of the He-
brew alphabet), also known as Sinaiticus, was discovered (FIGURE 2) P47, dates from the 3rd century and contains chapters 9-17 of Revelation. In its reading of Revelation
by Constantin von Tischendorf in St. Catherine’s Monastery 13:18, it states that the number of the beast is 666, using Greek letters.
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e are not saying that 2 bil-
W lion human beings MIGHT
die. We are saying they ARE
going to die! The Bible specifically proph-
esies it, and the prophecies always come
to pass. We obviously cannot overempha-
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E N D T I M E M i n i s t r i e s has committed to
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Whereas 666 has always been the dominant reading of Revelation 13:18, it seems
clear through faith in God’s promises that this is the original reading of the verse as
penned by John on Patmos.
on Mt. Sinai in 1859. It dates from the fourth century and pressed by letters; so that the Greek letter which expresses all stand together as a great witness to the authenticity of
is one of the most revered NT manuscripts, due to its age the number sixty was easily expanded into the letter Iota of 666 against a rather small set of four manuscripts and one
as well as the fact that it contains all of the New Testa- the Greeks.] Others then received this reading without ex- early writer that make their claim for 616. e
ment. Its reading of Revelation 13:18 denotes 666 as the amination; some in their simplicity, and upon their own re-
number of the beast, spelled out with Greek words. Codex sponsibility, making use of this number expressing one Citations and References
Alexandrinus (A/02), a fifth century uncial as well as Codex decad; while some, in their inexperience, have ventured to
“666 wrong number of prophetic beast?” World Net Daily. WorldNet-
P/025 of the ninth century, and codices 046 and Codex 051 seek out a name which should contain the erroneous and Daily.com. 8 May 2005. 10 Jan 2008.
of the 10th century all agree with Codex a in their reading spurious number.” [Roberts 558] <http://www.worldnetdaily.com/news/article.asp?ARTICLE_ID=441
of 666 (with slight spelling differences). However, Codex In this illuminating passage, Irenaeus states that 666
Aland, Kurt and Barbara Aland. The Text of The New Testament .
C/04 of the fifth century has 616 spelled out with Greek is the reading found in the most reliable copies of Revela- Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1989.
letters as the number of the beast. So, it agrees with P115 tion, including those copied by men who saw John. In ad- Aland, Barbara, Kurt Aland, Matthew Black, Carlo M. Martini, Bruce
as the only other ancient witness of this alternate text. dition, he acknowledges the existence of the 616 reading, M. Metzger and Allen Wikgren. The Greek New Testament. 4th ed.
Federal Republic of Germany: United Bible Societies, 1993, c1979.
In summary, of the almost 300 Greek manuscripts con- but considers it erroneous, attributing it to copying errors
“Beast’s Real Mark Devalued to ‘616’”. ReligionNewsBlog. Religion-
taining Revelation, almost all of them state 666 as the and the failure of some to properly examine the authenticity NewsBlog.com. 4 May 2005. 10 Jan 2008. <http://www.religion-
number of the beast. The two oldest papyri are evenly di- of the alternate reading. newsblog.com/11134/beasts-real-mark-devalued-to-616>.
vided in their reading, and over 80% of uncial manuscripts As the knowledge of Greek decreased in the ancient Biblical Studies Press. The NET Bible First Edition; Bible. English. NET
Bible.; The NET Bible. Biblical Studies Press, 2006; 2006.
hold the reading of 666. world, many translations of the Greek New Testament into
Burgon, Dean John William. The Revision Revised. Paradise: Conser-
the common languages of the people were created. These vative Classics, 1883.
Early Church Writings and Translations early translations agree in their readings of Revelation
Charles, R.H. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on The Revelation
In addition to the evidence of Greek manuscripts, we can 13:18. The 5th century Armenian, the Syriac of the 6th cen- of St. John. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1985.
also look to Biblical quotations found in early church writ- tury, the Old Latin of the 13th century, the Coptic, and the "Chester Beatty Papyri." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. 1 Jan
ings, as well as ancient translations of the New Testament. Latin Vulgate all agree that the number of the beast is 666. 2008. 10 Jan 2008.
One early church writer by the name of Tyconius recognized
"Codex Sinaiticus." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. 9 Nov 2007. 10
616 as the number of the beast in his 4th century Latin Providence of God Jan 2008. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Codex_Sinaiticus>.
version. In contrast, the writings of Origen and Hippolytus While New Testament textual criticism seeks to understand Comfort, Philip Wesley and David P. Barrett. The Text of the Earliest
(both of the 3rd century) attest strongly to the value of 666 and resolve differences among versions of the Greek New New Testament Greek Manuscripts. A corrected, enlarged ed. of The
complete text of the earliest New Testament manuscripts. Wheaton,
as the correct reading [Burgon 136]. Most noteworthy how- Testament, our confidence in the text of the Bible is not re- Ill.: Tyndale House, 2001.
ever are the statements of Irenaeus, the 2nd century liant upon the intellect of men or the tools of science. Most “Irenaeus.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. 5 Jan 2008. 10 Jan
bishop of Lyon, known to be a disciple of Polycarp. Polycarp importantly, we have a promise from God that He will al- 2008. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irenaeus>.
is believed to have been a disciple of John, the author of ways preserve the integrity of His Word. Psalm 100:5 Metzger, Bruce Manning and United Bible Societies. A Textual Com-
mentary on the Greek New Testament, Second Edition a Companion
Revelation. In his treatise, “Against Heresies,” Irenaeus states that, “His truth endureth to all generations.” With Volume to the United Bible Societies' Greek New Testament (4th Rev.
Ed.). London; New York: United Bible Societies, 1994.
deals with the subject of Revelation 13 and the number of this promise, we can rest, knowing that God has carefully
the beast. In Book 5, Chapter 28 of this work, he states watched over the transmission of the New Testament from Nestle, Eberhard, Erwin Nestle, Kurt Aland, Barbara Aland and Uni-
versitat Munster. Institut fur Neutestamentliche Textforschung.
that the number of the beast is 666. In addition, Chapter its original writing to the present day. Whereas 666 has al- Novum Testamentum Graece. 27. Aufl., rev. Stuttgart: Deutsche
Bibelstiftung, 1993, c1979.
30 of the same work makes the following statement re- ways been the dominant reading of Revelation 13:18, it
garding the number 666: seems clear through faith in God’s promises that this is New American Standard Bible : 1995 Update (LaHabra, CA: The
Lockman Foundation, 1995).
“Such, then, being the state of the case, and this num- the original reading of the verse as penned by John on Pat-
Novum Testamentum Graece. Ed. Constantin von Tischendorf, Caspar
ber being found in all the most approved and ancient mos. Rene_ Gregory and Ezra Abbot. Lipsiae: Giesecke & Devrient, 1869-
copies [of the Apocalypse], and those men who saw John
face to face bearing their testimony [to it]; while reason Conclusion "Oxyrhynchus." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. 20 Dec 2007. 10
Jan 2008 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oxyrhynchus>.
also leads us to conclude that the number of the name of “And his number is Six hundred threescore and six.” This
Roberts, Alexander, James Donaldson and A. Cleveland Coxe. The
the beast, [if reckoned] according to the Greek mode of statement from the last days’ prophecy of Revelation 13 Ante-Nicene Fathers Vol.I : Translations of the Writings of the Fathers
calculation by the [value of] the letters contained in it, will gives a clue to the identity of the antichrist. God’s stated Down to A.D. 325. Oak Harbor: Logos Research Systems, 1997.
amount to six hundred and sixty and six…(portion purpose in this verse is that we understand it correctly. "Textual Criticism." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. 3 Jan 2008. 10
Jan 2008 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Textual_criticism>.
elided)…I do not know how it is that some have erred fol- This is especially true for those of us who live in the days
The Holy Bible : King James Version., electronic ed. of the 1769 edi-
lowing the ordinary mode of speech, and have vitiated the immediately preceding the coming of Jesus Christ. Unfor- tion of the 1611 Authorized Version. (Bellingham WA: Logos Research
middle number in the name, deducting the amount of fifty tunately, some have questioned the accuracy of 666 as the Systems, Inc., 1995).
from it, so that instead of six decads (author’s note: a number of the beast. Some have suggested that 616 is the The Holy Bible : New Revised Standard Version (Nashville: Thomas
Nelson Publishers, 1989).
decad is 10) they will have it that there is but one. [I am real number. However, the majority of almost 300 Greek
inclined to think that this occurred through the fault of the manuscripts, including the oldest and most valued, along
copyists, as is wont to happen, since numbers also are ex- with the evidence of early church writings and translations,
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Equations CRAIG TREADWELL
CONFIRMATION OF THE COVENANT + 7 YEARS = SECOND COMING
Daniel 9:27 gives us a simple mathematical calculation: “…and in the midst (middle) of the week (7
years) he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease,” thus 7 ÷ 2 = 3.5. In other words, the
final 7 years will be divided into two equal periods of 3.5 years!
he prophecies of the Bible are certain and are in Daniel did not understand his own equations things and blasphemies; and power was given unto him to
progress at this very moment. They cannot be An Old Testament prophet named Daniel foresaw a period continue forty and two months…And it was given unto him
changed or stopped. Ultimately events will climax of time, which he did not quite comprehend. It was even- to make war with the saints, and to overcome them: and
into the second coming of Jesus Christ to the earth. The tually named after him—“Daniel’s 70th Week.” We find power was given him over all kindreds, and tongues, and
old saying, “Sometimes things must get worse before they this bit of information in Daniel 9:27: nations.” This scripture goes right along with what Daniel
get better,” certainly applies today. If you think our world is “And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one said because forty-two months equals 3.5 years. So we
in chaos right now, just hold on! Just ahead is the “great week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sac- know from these scriptures and from others that the great
tribulation.” It is described by Jesus in Mathew 24:15-21: rifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading tribulation will last for three and one-half years.
“When ye therefore shall see the abomination of deso- of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the
lation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon Daniel’s Equations
place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:) Then let them the desolate.” Daniel 9:27 gives us a simple mathematical calculation:
which be in Judaea flee into the mountains: Let him which Daniel did not understand that this week referred to a “…and in the midst (middle) of the week (7 years) he shall
is on the housetop not come down to take any thing out of week of years, or a 7-year period of time. (The Good News cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease,” thus 7 ÷
his house: Neither let him which is in the field return back Translation renders this passage: “That ruler will have a 2 = 3.5. In other words, the final 7 years will be divided
to take his clothes. And woe unto them that are with child, firm agreement with many people for seven years, and into two equal periods of 3.5 years!
and to them that give suck in those days! But pray ye that when half this time is past, he will put an end to sacrifices From this simple mathematical truth, we are able to un-
your flight be not in the winter, neither on the sabbath day: and offerings.”) derstand Daniel’s two equations. The first 3.5 -year time
For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the So what do we know? The confirmation of the covenant period will begin at the confirmation of the covenant. The
beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be. begins the final seven years. Three and one-half years after second 3.5-year time period will mark the beginning of the
The Bible speaks clearly that this time called the great the confirmation, the great tribulation begins. Many great tribulation and will be ended by the battle of Armaged-
tribulation is coming. So what really is the great tribulation? prophecy teachers have taught that “The great tribulation” don and the second coming of Jesus. So the secrets of
It is a 3.5 year period of time, just prior to the battle of Ar- period lasts for the entire 7 years. However, this is not what Daniel’s 70th week can be summarized in two equations:
mageddon, during which horrible slaughter will begin in bib- the Bible says. Only the second half of this 7-year period • Confirmation of the covenant + 3.5 years
lical Judea and then extend around the world. Judea is the is actually the great tribulation. Jesus Himself said this in = the great tribulation.
area in Israel known as the West Bank. Matthew 24:15-21. He said when we see the abomination • Confirmation of the covenant + 7 years
At the same time, an influential global leader will arise of desolation (which will occur halfway through the final 7 = Armageddon & 2nd coming.
in Europe and implement a numbering system to control years according to Daniel 9:27), then will be great tribulation. Now you know! e
the human race. The Bible says he will ultimately rule over Revelation 13:5-7 teaches the same thing. “And there
the entire world. was given unto him (the Antichrist) a mouth speaking great
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