Brief version of Freedom Giant Miscanthus


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Brief version of Freedom Giant Miscanthus

  1. 1. Commercializing Miscanthus as a Feedstock date
  2. 2. Giant Miscanthus 101
  3. 3. Miscanthus x giganteus Perennial Energy Grass, Yielding 20+ Tons/Acre
  4. 4. Giant Miscanthus <ul><li>The best crop in the SE for growth of cellulosic material </li></ul><ul><li>Many benefits: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High Yield & Profit Potential </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>USDA Incentives & Cost Sharing (BCAP) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low Inputs & Production Costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Care-free Growth </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Giant miscanthus identified as a C4 perennial crop with huge biomass potential: up to 25 tons/acre/yr, dependent upon: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Variety </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Culture practices </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Geographical location </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Soil Class </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Height up to 15 ft </li></ul><ul><li>Dormant harvest: nutrients & moisture senesce back to roots </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10-15% Moisture Content at harvest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sequesters Carbon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Returns minerals back to roots </li></ul></ul>Giant Miscanthus:
  6. 7. Miscanthus is not switchgrass.
  7. 8. <ul><li>Developed by Dr. Brian Baldwin at MSU, through 12 years of biomass crop study and selection for superior traits. </li></ul><ul><li>The only variety MEANT FOR the Southeast. </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom is the only University-released, named, certified strain of giant miscanthus. </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>“ We see a lot of potential in Freedom giant miscanthus --it’s the most promising of the hundreds of miscanthus cultivars we’ve evaluated over the years, and it’s light years ahead of any of the other grasses.” </li></ul><ul><li>--Dr. Brian Baldwin, MSU </li></ul>
  9. 10. At Planting Time, Marginal Soil Example
  10. 11. 1st Year Plot, August & October
  11. 12. Same plot, 2nd year June, 2010 July, 2010
  12. 13. 6th Year Plot. Growing at MSU. No fertilizer.
  13. 14. <ul><li>Little to no fertilizer needs </li></ul><ul><li>Highly drought tolerant </li></ul><ul><li>No known pests </li></ul><ul><li>Dense growth crowds out weeds </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrients returned to soil each year </li></ul><ul><li>Can grow on Marginal Soils </li></ul><ul><li>CO 2 neutral, or negative energy source: Carbon credits </li></ul><ul><li>~ 12% Moisture Content at Harvest </li></ul><ul><li>Up to 25 tons per acre yield </li></ul>Attributes & Benefits Driving Growth
  14. 15. <ul><li>New growth from rhizomes </li></ul><ul><li>Plant is sterile </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Triploid = seed sterile </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Multiplication is by plant division </li></ul><ul><li>5,000 rhizomes per acre </li></ul>Giant Miscanthus Growth
  15. 16. Freedom Material Characteristics Moisture Content At Harvest ~ 12% BTU Values: As Harvested ~ 7,250/lb Dry Basis ~ 8,200/lb Wood as harvested: ~ 4,600/lb Ash Content: ~ 3%
  16. 17. Yield Comparisons
  17. 19. Biomass Yields for SE <ul><li>3-5X the yield of timber & switchgrass </li></ul><ul><li>Almost double the yield of other giant miscanthus </li></ul>
  18. 20. 1 Acre of Freedom 28 tons total over first three years 20-25 tons/yr each year thereafter 288 tons after 16-years of harvest 18+ tons/year cumulative yield 12-15% Moisture Content
  19. 21. Yield Model: Year 1-5 2-3 Tons/Acre 1 8 Tons/Acre 2 13-15 Tons/Acre 3 18-22 Tons/Acre 4 22-25 Tons/Acre 5 <ul><li>Establishment </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilizer </li></ul><ul><li>Herbicides </li></ul><ul><li>Little Fertilizer </li></ul><ul><li>Little Herbicides </li></ul><ul><li>Full Yield </li></ul><ul><li>20+ Year Life </li></ul>Stem Crown Size at Ground
  20. 22. Grower Economics
  21. 23. Grower Economics
  22. 24. Grower Economics
  23. 25. Grower Economics
  24. 26. Scaling-Up: Our Growth Model
  25. 27. Efforts Going Forward: <ul><li>500+ acres of Foundation planted </li></ul><ul><li>Demo plots in 10 states </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitor, research growth & yields </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn best approach for each region </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ongoing Research with MSU </li></ul><ul><li>2011: We can plant 20-30,000 acres from rhizomes </li></ul><ul><li>2012+: Exponential growth in acreage </li></ul>
  26. 28. Field of Freedom Giant Miscanthus
  27. 29. Thank you for your time. Contact: name email