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Special Needs Resources for the Biomedical Library


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  • 1. Special NeedsResources for theBiomedical Library Amy Trulock SJSU LIBR 220 Fall 2011
  • 2. Special Needs Resources for the Biomedical LibraryINTRODUCTION TO SPECIAL NEEDS &PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES
  • 3. ADA Disability Definition• (A) a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities of such individual;• (B) a record of such an impairment; or• (C) being regarded as having such an impairment.- 42 U.S.C. § 12102 (as amended by the ADA Amendments Actof 2008)
  • 4. Types of ImpairmentsDisabilities can be visible, invisible, or temporary:• Physical/Mobility Disabilities• Visual Impairments & Blindness• Hearing Impairments & Deafness• Cognitive Disabilities• Autism & Autism Spectrum Disorder (Asperger’s)• Learning Disabilities
  • 5. Key Disability Legislation• Rehabilitation Act of 1973 • Section 504 • Section 508• Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA)• Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
  • 6. Special Needs Resources for the Biomedical LibraryTHE SPECIAL NEEDS & DISABLEDBIOMEDICAL COMMUNITY
  • 7. Target Audience & ClienteleBiomedical Librarians Service Population• Hospital Librarians • Physicians• Academic Health • Health Care Providers Sciences Librarians • Medical Students• Consumer Health • Caregivers Librarians in Public • Patients Libraries • Educators • Community
  • 8. Personal Stories• The Americans With Disabilities Act And Afterwards: Disabilities In Medical Education And Practice “Pulse” Medical Student Section of JAMA, January 7, 1998—Vol. 279, No. 1• The Society of Healthcare Professionals with Disabilities ( • Physicians ( • Pharmacists ( • Nurses (• Video: “Nursing with the Hand You’re Given” • Washington State University School of Nursing • Susan Fleming, Nurse and PhD Student
  • 9. Special Needs Resources for the Biomedical LibraryPROJECT CREATION
  • 10. Blog CreationWhy the blog format?• An ever-changing topic benefits from the dynamic, open nature of Web 2.0• Publicly accessible format contributes to the dialogue • Encouraging comments from readers, will guide future research• Opportunity to continue the project professionallyHow it works:• blog (free, platform standard, customizable themes, widgets, and social media integration)• Published posts automatically feed to Twitter • After publishing a blog post on Optelec’s ClearReader+ at night, they were following my Twitter account by morning!
  • 11. Blog Categories• Accessibility• Assistive Technology• Government Resources• Health Organizations• Legislation• Library Associations• Personal Stories• Publications• Research• Statistics• Video
  • 12. Special Needs Resources for the Biomedical LibraryRESEARCH & DISCOVERIES
  • 13. Universal Design Movement Initially coined by architect, Ronald L. Mace in the 1960s, UD is “the idea that all new environments and products, to the greatest extent possible, should be usable by everyone regardless of their age, ability, or circumstance.” - North Carolina State University’s Center for Universal Design (
  • 14. Principles of Universal Design (1997) Equitable use Size and space for Flexibility approach in use to use Universal Design Simple Low and physical intuitive effort use Tolerance Perceptible for error information
  • 15. Universal Design for LearningTakes into account various learning styles of individuals in education andinstruction. Considers neurological differences in the recognition,strategic, and affective networks in the brain. - Center for Applied Special Technology (
  • 16. Assistive Technology• Alternative Keyboards (Including On-Screen Keyboards)• Alternative Pointing Devices• Touch Screens• Digital Magnification• CCTV (Closed Circuit Televisions)• Text to Speech (TTS) Synthesizers• Speech Recognition Software• Braille Embossers• TTY/TDD Telephones• Adjustable-Height Furniture
  • 17. Assistive Technology
  • 18. Where do we start?While all libraries would benefit frombeing as inclusive and accessible aspossible, libraries within these biomedicalinstitutions should be a priority:• Children’s Hospitals• Specialized Clinics• Extended Care• Medical Schools
  • 19. Special Needs Resources for the Biomedical LibraryTHANK YOU. ANY QUESTIONS?