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Present perfect

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Transcript

  • 1. PRESENT PERFECT Form and uses
  • 2. Present Perfect FORM AUXILIARY VERB + PAST PARTICIPLEI have been to London three times.She has seen the film.They have gone to school by bus.
  • 3. Present Perfect + SUBJECT + VERB + COMPLEMENTI have studied a lot for this exam.She has eaten all the food!We have met before.
  • 4. Present Perfect - SUBJECT + AUX+ NOT +PAST PARTICIPLE + COMPLEMENTI haven’t (have +not) studied a lot for this exam.She hasn’t (has + not) eaten anything!We haven’t met before.
  • 5. Present Perfect yes/no ? AUX + SUBJECT + PAST PARTICIPLE (+ COMPLEMENT)?Have you seen my new coat? Yes, I have / No, I haven’tHas she phoned her mother? Yes, she has / No, she hasn’tHave they finished their homework? Yes, they have / No, theyhaven’t
  • 6. Present Perfect WH- ? WH + AUX + SUBJECT + PAST PARTICIPLE (+ COMPLEMENT)?Where have you been?What has she bought?How much money have you spent on that car?
  • 7. Present Perfect What does “present perfect” mean? I have been to London three times.The present perfect tense connects the present and the past.When I say “I have been to London three times” the time referenceis UP TO NOW or SO FAR. This meaning is in the tense itself.
  • 8. Present PerfectEXAMPLE 1:Have you ever been to London?EVER = AT ANY TIME IN YOUR LIFE UNTILNOW
  • 9. Present PerfectEXAMPLE 2:He has just found a job.JUST = IN THE NEAR PAST AND THEREFORELINKED TO THE PRESENT.
  • 10. Present PerfectEXAMPLE 3:I have lost my passport.I HAVE A PROBLEM NOW BECAUSE I DON’THAVE MY PASSPORT.
  • 11. Present PerfectEXAMPLE 4:She has studied English for threeyears.SHE STARTED STUDYING ENGLISH 3 YEARSAGO AND IS STILL DOING IT.
  • 12. Present PerfectKEYWORDS
  • 13. Present PerfectPRESENT PERFECT KEYWORDSJUSTShe has just arrived from London.
  • 14. Present PerfectPRESENT PERFECT KEYWORDSRECENTLYHave you been to the theatre recently?
  • 15. Present PerfectPRESENT PERFECT KEYWORDSSO FARHe has had three different jobs so far.
  • 16. Present PerfectPRESENT PERFECT KEYWORDSEVERHave you ever travelled by plane?
  • 17. Present PerfectPRESENT PERFECT KEYWORDSNEVERThey have never been to the USA.
  • 18. Present PerfectPRESENT PERFECT KEYWORDSFORI have worked here for 11 years.
  • 19. Present PerfectPRESENT PERFECT KEYWORDSSINCEI have worked here since 2000.
  • 20. Present PerfectPRESENT PERFECT KEYWORDSALREADYYou have already read that book.
  • 21. Present PerfectPRESENT PERFECT KEYWORDSYETYou haven’t read that book yet.
  • 22. Present Perfect WHEN DO WE USE THEPRESENT PERFECT TENSE?
  • 23. Present PerfectTo connect the past and the present: I haven’t seen the film.With certain keywords: They have always lived here.
  • 24. Present PerfectTo talk about something that happened at anunspecified time in the past. Have you seen the film?If we specify the time, we use the simple past Yes, I saw it last week.
  • 25. Present Perfect PRACTICE TIMEBBC LEARNING ENGLISH: QUIZ 1BBC LEARNING ENGLISH: QUIZ 2PRESENT PERFECT / SIMPLE PASTFOR AND SINCE 1FOR AND SINCE 2