Present perfect
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Present perfect

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Brief introduction of the use of present perfect tense for intermediate students of English.

Brief introduction of the use of present perfect tense for intermediate students of English.

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Present perfect Present perfect Presentation Transcript

  • PRESENT PERFECT Form and uses
  • Present Perfect FORM AUXILIARY VERB + PAST PARTICIPLEI have been to London three times.She has seen the film.They have gone to school by bus.
  • Present Perfect AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES SUBJECT + VERB + COMPLEMENTI have studied a lot for this exam.She has eaten all the food!We have met before.
  • Present Perfect NEGATIVE SENTENCESSUBJECT + AUX+ NOT +PAST PARTICIPLE + COMPLEMENTI haven’t (have +not) studied a lot for thisexam.She hasn’t (has + not) eaten anything!We haven’t met before.
  • Present Perfect yes/no ? AUX + SUBJECT + PAST PARTICIPLE (+ COMPLEMENT)?Have you seen my new coat? Yes, I have /No, I haven’tHas she phoned her mother? Yes, she has /No, she hasn’tHave they finished their homework? Yes,they have / No, they haven’t
  • Present Perfect WH- ? WH + AUX + SUBJECT + PAST PARTICIPLE (+ COMPLEMENT)?Where have you been?What has she bought?How much money have you spent on thatcar?
  • Present Perfect WHEN DO WE USE THEPRESENT PERFECT TENSE?
  • Present PerfectTo talk about experiences and things thathappened before now.The time is not specified or important. They have always lived here. We have met before.
  • Present PerfectTo talk about recent events or an action whichstarted in the past and continues now. They have been married for 15 years. He has written two books and is working on another one.
  • Present PerfectFor something that happened in the past but isstill important at the time of speaking. I can’t get in the house. I’ve lost my keys. She isn’t here. She’s gone shopping.
  • Present PerfectKEYWORDS
  • Present Perfect EXAMPLESScientists have recently discovered the cure formigraines.I have just met your cousin.I have travelled to 3 continents so far.Where have you been up to now?
  • Present Perfect EXAMPLESHave you ever been to Denmark?I have never eaten sushi.
  • Present Perfect EXAMPLESI haven’t finished my homework yet.I have already passed all my exams!
  • Present Perfect EXAMPLESThey have been married for 10 years.They have been married since 2000.
  • Present Perfect BE CAREFUL!Don’t use present perfect with an adverbialwhich refers to finished past time. We have bought a car last month.Use a simple past instead We bought a car last month.
  • Present Perfect NOW YOU TRY!! From English Grammar Online 4U Present perfect / simple past1. exercise 12. exercise 23. exercise 3
  • Present Perfect NOW YOU TRY!! From englishpage.com Present perfect / simple past1. exercise 12. exercise 2
  • PRESENT PERFECT Form and uses