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Present perfect

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  • Transcript

    • 1. PRESENT PERFECT Form and uses
    • 2. Present Perfect FORM AUXILIARY VERB + PAST PARTICIPLEI have been to London three times.She has seen the film.They have gone to school by bus.
    • 3. Present Perfect AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES SUBJECT + VERB + COMPLEMENTI have studied a lot for this exam.She has eaten all the food!We have met before.
    • 4. Present Perfect NEGATIVE SENTENCESSUBJECT + AUX+ NOT +PAST PARTICIPLE + COMPLEMENTI haven’t (have +not) studied a lot for thisexam.She hasn’t (has + not) eaten anything!We haven’t met before.
    • 5. Present Perfect yes/no ? AUX + SUBJECT + PAST PARTICIPLE (+ COMPLEMENT)?Have you seen my new coat? Yes, I have /No, I haven’tHas she phoned her mother? Yes, she has /No, she hasn’tHave they finished their homework? Yes,they have / No, they haven’t
    • 6. Present Perfect WH- ? WH + AUX + SUBJECT + PAST PARTICIPLE (+ COMPLEMENT)?Where have you been?What has she bought?How much money have you spent on thatcar?
    • 7. Present Perfect WHEN DO WE USE THEPRESENT PERFECT TENSE?
    • 8. Present PerfectFor something that started in the past andcontinues in the present: They have been married for 15 years. They have always lived here.We often use a clause with SINCE to show whensomething started in the past:I have worked here since I left school.
    • 9. Present PerfectFor something we have done several times inthe past and continue to do. I’ve played the guitar since I was a teenager. He has written two books and is working on another one.
    • 10. Present PerfectWe often use a clause with SINCE to show whensomething started in the past:I have worked here since I left school.
    • 11. Present PerfectWhen we are talking about our experience up tothe present.We often use the adverb EVER and NEVER withthis meaning Have you ever seen a ghost? I’ve never met a celebrity.
    • 12. Present PerfectFor something that happened in the past but isstill important at the time of speaking: I can’t get in the house. I’ve lost my keys. She isn’t here. She’s gone shopping.
    • 13. Present Perfect KEYWORDS We often use the present perfect withadverbials which refer to the recent past
    • 14. Present Perfect EXAMPLESScientists have recently discovered the curefor migraines.I have just met your cousin.
    • 15. Present Perfect KEYWORDSor adverbials which include the present
    • 16. Present Perfect EXAMPLESHave you ever been to Denmark?I have been with Pete so far.Where have you been up to now?I haven’t met her parents yet.
    • 17. Present Perfect BE CAREFUL!Don’t use present perfect with an adverbialwhich refers to finished past time. We have bought a car last month.Use a simple past instead We bought a car last month.
    • 18. Present Perfect NOW YOU TRY!! From English Grammar Online 4U Present perfect / simple past1. exercise 12. exercise 23. exercise 3
    • 19. Present Perfect NOW YOU TRY!! From englishpage.com Present perfect / simple past1. exercise 12. exercise 2
    • 20. PRESENT PERFECT Form and uses