Passive Voice

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Brief presentation of passive voice for pre-intermediate students of English

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Passive Voice

  1. 1. PASSIVEVOICE
  2. 2. I bought a present for your sister. Subject Verb Direct Object Indirect Object
  3. 3. Sometimes we don’t want to use the “established” word order in the sentence. There are some cases in which you can put the object first or, just, we don’t want to say who did something.This can happen for lots of reasons. In these cases we use PassiveVoice.
  4. 4. I bought a present for your sister. A present was bought for your sister (by me)
  5. 5. HOW TO MAKE THE PASSIVE We make the passive by putting the verb 'to be' into whatever tense we need and then adding the past participle.
  6. 6. HOW TO MAKE THE PASSIVE Present simple I make a cake. A cake is made. Present Continuous I am making a cake. A cake is being made. Past Simple I made a cake. A cake was made. Past Continuous I was making a cake. A cake was being made. Present Perfect I have made a cake. A cake has been made. Future I will make a cake. A cake will be made.
  7. 7. WHEN SHOULD WE USE THE PASSIVE? When we want to change the focus of the sentence: ! The Mona Lisa was painted by Leonardo DaVinci. (We are more interested in the painting than the artist in this sentence)
  8. 8. WHEN SHOULD WE USE THE PASSIVE? When the subject in the active sentence is unknown or unimportant or obvious or 'people in general’: ! He was arrested (by the police). (obvious agent) My bike has been stolen (by someone). (unknown agent) The road is being repaired (by some workers). (unimportant agent) The form can be obtained from the post office (by anyone). (people in general)
  9. 9. WHEN SHOULD WE USE THE PASSIVE? In formal writing and headlines instead of using someone/ people/ they (these can be used in speaking or informal writing): ! The brochure will be finished next month. The application has to be sent by email. The president has been attacked.
  10. 10. WHEN SHOULD WE USE THE PASSIVE? When the subject is very long: ! I was surprised by how well the students did in the test. (More natural than: 'how well the students did in the test surprised me’)
  11. 11. VERBS WITH TWO OBJECTS He gave me the book. ! The book was given to me. I was given a book.
  12. 12. PASSIVEVOICE QUIZ TIME Adapted from busyteacher.org COMPLETE THE SENTENCE USING A PASSIVE The phone calls ... (usually /answer) by the receptionist. !
  13. 13. PASSIVEVOICE QUIZ TIME Adapted from busyteacher.org Questions should ... (ask) to the teacher. ! COMPLETE THE SENTENCE USING A PASSIVE
  14. 14. PASSIVEVOICE QUIZ TIME Adapted from busyteacher.org Shushi ... (eat) in Japan. ! COMPLETE THE SENTENCE USING A PASSIVE
  15. 15. PASSIVEVOICE QUIZ TIME Adapted from busyteacher.org Exams ... (do) last Monday. ! COMPLETE THE SENTENCE USING A PASSIVE
  16. 16. PASSIVEVOICE QUIZ TIME Adapted from busyteacher.org Books can ... (borrow) from 9 a.m. to 8 p.m. ! COMPLETE THE SENTENCE USING A PASSIVE
  17. 17. PASSIVEVOICE QUIZ TIME Adapted from busyteacher.org Presents ... (give) at Christmas. ! COMPLETE THE SENTENCE USING A PASSIVE
  18. 18. PASSIVEVOICE QUIZ TIME Adapted from busyteacher.org Dinner ... (serve) at 7 p.m every day. ! COMPLETE THE SENTENCE USING A PASSIVE
  19. 19. PASSIVEVOICE QUIZ TIME Adapted from busyteacher.org He ... (operate on) next month. ! COMPLETE THE SENTENCE USING A PASSIVE
  20. 20. PASSIVEVOICE QUIZ TIME Adapted from busyteacher.org Pulp Fiction Quentin Tarantino MAKE A PASSIVE SENTENCE WITH THE INFORMATION PROVIDED
  21. 21. PASSIVEVOICE QUIZ TIME Adapted from busyteacher.org Hamlet Shakespeare MAKE A PASSIVE SENTENCE WITH THE INFORMATION PROVIDED
  22. 22. PASSIVEVOICE QUIZ TIME Adapted from busyteacher.org the light bulb Edison MAKE A PASSIVE SENTENCE WITH THE INFORMATION PROVIDED
  23. 23. PASSIVEVOICE QUIZ TIME Adapted from busyteacher.org The Lord of The Rings New Zealand MAKE A PASSIVE SENTENCE WITH THE INFORMATION PROVIDED
  24. 24. PASSIVEVOICE QUIZ TIME Adapted from busyteacher.org 2001:A Space Odyssey Kubrick MAKE A PASSIVE SENTENCE WITH THE INFORMATION PROVIDED
  25. 25. PASSIVEVOICE QUIZ TIME Adapted from busyteacher.org The Guernica Picasso MAKE A PASSIVE SENTENCE WITH THE INFORMATION PROVIDED
  26. 26. PASSIVEVOICE QUIZ TIME Adapted from busyteacher.org the telephone Bell MAKE A PASSIVE SENTENCE WITH THE INFORMATION PROVIDED
  27. 27. PASSIVEVOICE QUIZ TIME Adapted from busyteacher.org the radio Marconi MAKE A PASSIVE SENTENCE WITH THE INFORMATION PROVIDED
  28. 28. PASSIVEVOICE QUIZ TIME Adapted from busyteacher.org Troy The Greek MAKE A PASSIVE SENTENCE WITH THE INFORMATION PROVIDED
  29. 29. PASSIVEVOICE ONLINE EXERCISES British Council My English Pages To learn English

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