Simple past


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Simple past

  2. 2. USE ▪ The Simple Past is used to talk about actions or situations in the past. Examples: ▪ I had dinner at ten o’clock last night. ▪ My mum called me yesterday. ▪ Your friends visited you last month
  3. 3. Regular verbs spelling rules To form the affirmative past tense of most regular verbs: ▪ Add –ed to the base form of the verb (talk- talked). ▪ If the verb ends in –e, add –d (like-liked) ▪ If the verb ends in a consonant preceded by a vowel, double the final consonant (stop- stopped) ▪ If the verb ends in –y preceded by a consonant, omit the “y” and add –ied ( study- studied)
  4. 4. affirmative They wroteThey talked You wroteYou talked We wroteWe talked It wroteIt talked She wroteShe talked He wroteHe talked You wroteYou talked I wroteI talked Irregular verbsRegular verbs
  5. 5. NEGATIVE They didn’t writeThey didn’t talk You didn’t writeYou didn’t talk We didn’t writeWe didn’t talk It didn’t writeIt didn’t talk She didn’t writeShe didn’t talk He didn’t writeHe didn’t talk You didn’t writeYou didn’t talk I didn’t writeI didn’t talk Irregular verbs (didn’t + verb) Regular verbs (didn’t + verb)
  6. 6. interrogative Did they write?Did they talk? Did you write?Did you talk? Did we write?Did we talk? Did it write?Did it talk? Did she write?Did she talk? Did he write?Did he talk? Did you write?Did you talk? Did I write?Did I talk? Irregular verbs (did + subject +verb) Regular verbs (did + subject +verb)
  7. 7. Other irregular verbs WereWe, you, they WasHe, she, it WereYou WasI To be HadHave Simple pastInfinitive To have DidDo Simple pastInfinitive to do
  8. 8. Expressions for the past tense a year agolast month the day before yesterday a month agolast year yesterday evening a week agolast weekend yesterday afternoon three days agolast week yesterday morning an hour agolast Sunday yesterday10 minutes agolast night yesterdayagolast
  9. 9. IRREGULAR VERBS ElegirChosenChoseChoose CortarCutCutCut VenirComeCameCome ComprarBoughtBoughtBuy EdificarBuiltBuiltBuild RomperBrokenBrokeBreak EmpezarBegunBeganBegin Ser / estarBeenWas / were Be / am, are, is
  10. 10. Haber/tenerHadHadHave IrGoneWentGo DarGivenGaveGive ObtenerGottenGotGet OlvidarForgottenForgotForger VolarFlownFlewFly CaerFallenFellFall ComerEatenAteEat ConducirDrivenDroveDrive BeberDrunkDrankDrink HacerDoneDidDo / does
  11. 11. cantarSungSangSing VerSeenSawSee DecirSaidSaidSay CorrerRunRanRun SignificarMeantMeantMean HacerMadeMadeMake PerderLostLostLose Dejar(irse)LeftLeftLeave AprenderLearntLearntLearn SaberKnownKnewKnow OírHeardHeardHear
  12. 12. EscribirWrittenWroteWrite GanarWonWonWin PensarThoughtThoughtThink Contar (decir)ToldToldTell CogerTakenTookTake NadarSwumSwamSwim RobarStolenStoleSteal GastarSpentSpentSpend HablarSpokenSpokeSpeak OlerSmeltSmeltSmell DormirSleptSleptSleep
  13. 13. activities
  14. 14. Fill in the blanks with the missing verb in the past simple. ▪ Yesterday Mary ______ (go) to the concert. ▪ Last night _________ (not/be) cold, but it _________(be) rainy. ▪ Last Tuesday morning my friends _________(bring) the car. ▪ Last weekend we _________(not/go back) on foot. ▪ Mark and Sue _________(do) their homework after lunch. ▪ My friends _________(come) over after dinner. ▪ The teacher _________(know) them and he_________ (be) very happy. ▪ Went ▪ Wasn’t ▪ Was ▪ Brought ▪ Didn’t go back ▪ Did ▪ Came ▪ Knew ▪ Was
  15. 15. CHOOSE the correct verb form in each of these sentences. ▪ My father and some of his friends play/ played football last Saturday. ▪ When I was doing the washing up, I break / broke a glass. ▪ Susan and Tim go / went to the disco last weekend. ▪ Last night the train doesn´t arrive / didn´t arrive on time. ▪ Do you have / Did you have a nice weekend in London? ▪ Diane visits / visited her grandmother in a rest home last Sunday. ▪ Jeremy leaves / left secondary school last year. ▪ My mother buys / bought a blue coat two days ago. ▪ Played ▪ Broke ▪ Went ▪ Didn’t arrive ▪ Did you have ▪ Visited ▪ Left ▪ Bought
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