2 evaluación ile adaptado por mirna


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2 evaluación ile adaptado por mirna

  1. 1. UPEL- Instituto Pedagógico de Caracas Departamento de Idiomas Modernos Cátedra de Lingüística EVALUACIÓN EN EL PROCESO DE ENSEÑANZA DEL INGLÉS COMO LENGUA EXTRANJERA Código IIU115 Prof. Rosynella Cardozo R. Prof. Jonathan Magdalena Edited by Prof. Mirna Quintero
  2. 2. CONTENT 1.- Review of main concepts a.- What is evaluation? b.- Generations in evaluation c.- Importance of evaluation d.- Evaluation types and purposes 2.- Evaluation Vs. Assessment a.-Types of assessment 3.- Principles of test design – test formats
  3. 3. CONTENT 5.- Test analysis and design 6.- Informal assessment 7.- Self assessment 8.- Evaluation
  4. 4. 1- EVALUATION Evaluation is a natural activity which consists of making value judgments constantly. However, evaluation itself is not usually carried out in a principled and systematic way. The implications of evaluating in an educational context are more powerful than those related to the social setting. As a result, it becomes crucial that careful thought is given to make explicit what is being evaluated and the criteria by which it is being judged. Therefore, Evaluation (in the pedagogical context) refers to the act of making value judgments in a systematic way, using a principled, well-defined criteria to determine the product of education.
  5. 5. GENERATIONS IN EVALUATION 1st Generation: evaluators measure participants 2nd Generation: evaluators describe participants 3rd Generation: evaluators judge participants 4th Generation: evaluators negotiate with participants Guba, E. and Lincoln, Y. (1989). Fourth Generation Evaluation. Newbury Park: Sage Publications Inc.
  6. 6. 4. To obtain feedback about classroom practice and progress. 2. To determine how effective a process is (so as to improve it). 3. To orient or reorient a process. 1. To diagnose the needs of participants IMPORTANCE OF EVALUATION 9. To make decisions. 8. To check on the strategies and the students’ response to them. 7.To determine the program’s appropriateness 5. To confirm the validity of all features in the education context. 6. To determine and monitor students’ weaknesses or strengths.
  7. 7. TYPES OF EVALUATION Formative •Throughout the whole process. •To reinforce or improve it. Summative •At the end of (a stage of) the process. Congruent •Before the process begins. •To predict results. •To quantify it through the use of grades.
  8. 8. PURPOSES OF EVALUATION  Accountability: Summative. Determines whether there has been value for money; whether something has been effective or not. It informs to decide if to continue or to be drastically removed. How? Analysis of statistical data. Who? Policy makers and resource providers.  Curriculum Development: Formative. Involves information to be used as the basis of future planning and action. Improvement and renewal of curriculum. How? Responses to questionnaires, interviews, diaries. Who? Teachers and curriculum developers.  Teacher self-development: Formative. To raise consciousness on teachers and other practitioners about what actually happens in the classroom. How? Selfassessment, awareness-raising activities. Who? Teachers.  Student’s outcome: Formative/Summative.To check on students’ behavior (nonlinguistic factors) and performance (linguistic factors). How? Teacher, Self, and peer-assessment; formal and informal assessment. Who? Teachers and Students.
  9. 9. EVALUATION VS. ASSESSMENT Assessment is the collection of data to describe or better understand an issue. It is more often used in relation to educational programs. A definition to distinguish the two terms: Assessment refers to the measurement of performance to determine if the ends of teaching have been achieved, whereas evaluation refers to the judgements based on that information.
  10. 10. EVALUATION AND ASSESSMENT Ev a on i at u al Analysis of documents v E lu at io n Assessment a lu va E Administrators’ Counselors’ Community members’ Ev Appraisals al ua t i on n io t Teachers’
  11. 11. WHO SHOULD EVALUATION? Job Description USE ASSESSMENT AND Examples of why they need Assessment, Research and Evaluation Policy Makers set standards, focus on goals, monitor the quality of education, formulate policies, direct resources including personnel and money, and determine effects of tests Administration are school/departments meeting the goals of the University, appropriateness of curriculums and course, identify program strengths and weaknesses, designate program priorities, assess alternatives, plan and improve programs Teachers refine curriculum, perform individual diagnosis and prescription, monitor student progress, how much knowledge students are retaining from current teaching methods, provide feedback to students Researchers is research meeting the goal of the proposal (especially if funding is reliant on grant money that requires progress reports), how to improve the program, find unexpected outcomes .
  12. 12. TYPES OF ASSESSMENT Formal Assessment (TESTING) Informal Assessment Self - Peer Assessment •Tests: •Workshops •Questionnaires •Exams •Projects •Diaries •Quizzes •Presentations •Surveys •Homework •Desciptions •Etc. •Etc.