Romanian medicine personalitiesPresentation Transcript
Knowing personalities Medicine
She was born in Brăila on a family of intellectuals. She attends courses of college Romaşcanu in Brăila. She graduated in 1915 Central School from Bucharest. She highlighted the importance of procaine in improving age-related dystrophic disorders, applying it widely in clinical geriatrics, under the name of Gerovital. In 1949 she became endocrinologist, and invented (in collaboration with pharmacist Helen Polovrăgeanu) Aslavital geriatric product, patented and introduced in industrial production in 1980. Inventions 1952 - Prepare vitamin H3 (Gerovital), geriatric product patented in over 30 countries. Awards 1952 - International Award and Medal ,,Leon Bernard’’,prestigious award given by World Health Organisation, for contributing to the development of gerontology and geriatrics -Merito della Republica, Italy -Knight of the Palmes académiques, France -Professor Honoris Causa and Doctor Emeritus of the University of Bragança Paulista, Brazil. She received the following titles: Member of the Academy of Sciences in New York, Member of the World Union of Prophylactic Medicine and Social Hygienic, Member of the European Research Center Medical Application, Member of the Governing Board of the International Association of Gerontology, Member of the National Society of Gerontology in Chile, Chair woman of the Romanian Society of Gerontology.
He was born in Iasi. Between: 1930-1936 is student and graduate at the faculty of medicine of Bucharest. In 1940 he sustains his thesis for his doctorate in medicine and surgery with title: urinate tube of dolphin. In 1957 created “catchers”, that will bear his name. Between: 1952-1953 describes the structure of mitochondria and typology enzymes of chain cells. In 1953 revealed ribosomes. Became in 1956 professor of cell biology at Rockefeller University in New York. He received in 1964 the prize ,,Passano’’, in 1966 received the prize ,,Albert Losker’’ the most precious prize scientific of U.S.A., in 1968 received the prize ,,Duckett’’, in 1970 the prize ,,Louia Gross Horwitz’’ and in November 10, 1974 the Nobel Prize for medicine, awarded for his discoveries concerning the structural and functional organization of the cells.
Romanian scientist, physiologist, professor of Medicine in Bucharest, he discovered the hormone produced by the pancreas called later Insulin. The most important medical discovery of the twentieth century: Insulin, belonging to a Romanian physiologist. His research results were published in 1921 in the journal Archives International’s Physiology, and refers to the isolation of a pancreatic hormone with hyperglycemic effect called pancreina. It is insulin, the hormone used against diabetes, pancreatic extract. Eight months after Paulescu's works were published, doctor Frederick Grant Banting and biochemist John James Richard Macleod from the University of Toronto, Canada, published their paper on the successful use of a pancreatic extract for normalizing blood sugar in diabetic dogs. Not surprisingly,the Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine in 1923 was awarded to Canadian researchers. Responding to the international campaign for the restoration of truth initiated by Murray Scottish, the Nobel Committee recognizes in 1969 his merits and priority for the diabetic treatment.
He was professor of the faculty of medicine in Bucharest, member of the Romanian Academy, founder of the Institute that bears his name and founder of modern Romanian School of Microbiology and Experimental Medicine. He brings important contributions to the study of cholera, typhus, tuberculosis, etc. He created the concept of immunity through contact. He was a member of the Romanian Academy in 1925, State Committee for Hygiene of the League of Nations Societies of Biology, Pathology and exotic Academy of Sciences in Paris. Many universities have awarded him the title of Doctor HonorisCausa :Lyon (1922), Brussels (1924), Montpellier (1930), Athens (1932) and Bordeaux (1934).
In 1885 he went to Paris to obtain his doctorate in medicine and to specialize in toxicology. Here he followed the courses of legal medicine, entering into contact with renowned professors such as Paul Brourdel. He has defended his doctoral thesis in Medicine on 7 June 1888 with forensic work ,,Etude medico-legalesur la mort subite à la suite de coups surl'abdomen et larynx’’(forensic study about sudden death after stroke received in abdomen and larynx). The same year he was elected to the Society of Forensic Medicine in France. Romanian medical school is the founder and Director of the first Judicial Institute of Forensic Medicine in Romania bearing his name, built in 1892. Founder of modern forensic system, was one of the most prominent personality of his time across Europe. The most important work: Treaty full legal medicine (1928-1930).
He was a Romanian neurologist, professor at the Faculty of Medicine in Bucharest, member of Romanian Academy, the founder of Romanian School of Neurology. In 1882 - after graduating from Central Seminary - is part of the Faculty of Medicine of Bucharest. He was among the first doctors in the world of applied neurology histochemical and electrophysiological methods in scientific research. Early in his career he published with the bacteriologist Victor Babeş and the French pathologist Paul Oscar Blocq a much needed atlas on the pathological histology of the nervous system. With Paul Blocq he was the first to describe senile plaques. Recognition in the form of honours came to him from many countries. It was he above all others who was chosen to represent the students of Charcot when the centenary of the great master was celebrated in 1925.
Knowing personalities Medicine Project team: Ana Ifrim, AlexandruDutu, MirelaDiaconu, Georgiana Sufletel, TeodoraAndronic, SavinCristi.