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CASE WORK REPORT, By Mir Mehboob
 

CASE WORK REPORT, By Mir Mehboob

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My first report of CASE WORK

My first report of CASE WORK
Posted at CRC Bemina
MSW 1st Sem.
University of Kashmir 2011

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    CASE WORK REPORT, By Mir Mehboob CASE WORK REPORT, By Mir Mehboob Document Transcript

    • Title Page No. Acknowledgement 02 Field work schedule 03 Introduction to Field Work 04 Case work as a method of social work 05 Placement 06 Agency 07 Establishment 07 Aims and objectives of CRC 09 Services offered by CRC 10 Departments running in CRC 11 Structure 12 Location, Road map 13 Hierarchy of CRC 14 Sister organization running under CRC 15 Objectives of Field Work 16 Role of case worker in disabilities 17 Case work process 18 Case background 20 Relationship chat of client 21 First meeting with client 22 Second meeting with client, meeting with grandmother 23 Home visit 25 Interview with neighbor 28 Diagnosis 29 Treatment 30 Termination 32 Application of case work principals 33 Learning 34 Suggestions 35 Limitations 36 Conclusion 37 Bibliography 38Page | 1
    • AcknowledgementI Mohd Aslam student of MSW 1st Sem. From the department Of Sociology and Socialwork. Before proceeding to my field work report I want to thank the Department ofSociology and Social work which provide me an opportunity to collect informationfrom the grass root level by making direct interaction with the disabled personsI want to convey my special regards to Mr. Sarfaraz Ahmad Faculty supervisor and Dr.Zaffar Iqbal agency supervisor who has been all along helping and guiding us inpreparing this report I also want to thank me co-workers Sumaiya, Mehboob, Gulzar and Ommerkhan for their assistance and contribution in multiple ways. Mohd Aslam MSW 1st Sem 2011 Roll No 30917Page | 2
    • Field Work ScheduleDay and Date Timing Activity Performed Time spent in HoursWednesday 10:30 am to Orientation 5 ½ hour01 June 2011 4:00 pmThursday 10:30 am to Observation and Information about Agency 5 ½ hours02June 2011 4:00 pmWednesday 10:30 am to First meeting with client 5 hours08 June 2011 3:30 pmThursday 10:30 am to Second meeting with client 5 hours09June 2011 3:30 pmWednesday 10:30 am to Attend the lecture of Dr. Vinod Kumar 5 ½ hours015 June 2011 4:00 pm On BrailleThursday 10:30 am to Third meeting with client 5 ½ hours16June 2011 4:00 pmWednesday 10:30 am to Introduction about physiotherapy 5 ½ hours22 June 2011 4:00 pmThursday Accompanied group mate to home visit 1 hour23June 2011Wednesday 10:30 am to Attend the function of hearing and distribution 4 ½ hours29 June 2011 3:00 pm campThursday 12:00 am to Home visit 2 hours30June 2011 02:00 pmWednesday 01:00 am Helped my co-worker in home visit 1 hour06 July 2011 02:00 pmThursday 11:00 am Meeting with neighbors 1 hour07July 2011 12:00 pmWednesday Strike13 July 2011Thursday 10:30 am to Last meeting for Termination 5 hours014July 2011 3:30 pmTotal visits13 days -- -- 52 hoursPage | 3
    • Introduction to Field WorkThe term Field Work may be described as gaining experience by utilizing knowledge anddeveloping skills to deal with the problems of human beings. Field Work in Social Workmeans any kind of practical experience in a social organization or agency.Field work or Field Study is an important part of Social Work. The concept and all theproblems of social studies are grasped and understood by working in the field theobservations of the social worker in the field also plays an important role in the fieldwork. Studying of thoughts is incomplete in paper unless and until their practicalapplication and implication are observed and felt in the field practically.Field work programme provides an opportunity to students to apply their theoreticalknowledge taught in the class room appropriately in different practical situations.Similarly, it serves as a social laboratory where in a student tests his theoreticalknowledge in practical situations and develops the skill for social living. It is a way totransform knowledge through certain skills for social living.It is evident that fieldwork varies in quality and quantity. It is imparted under thesupervision and guidance of trained and experienced persons (Faculty supervisor andAgency Supervisor) in social work.In simple words it can be said that theory without practice is empty and practice withouttheory is meaninglessPage | 4
    • Meaning, Scope and nature of Social Case WorkSocial case work means that process which develops personality through adjustmentconsciously affected, individual by individual, between men and their socialenvironment. Perlman (1957) says case work is a process used by certain human welfareagencies to help the individuals to cope up more effectively with their problems in socialfunctioning.The practice of social case work is a humanistic attempt for helping people who havedifficulty in coping with the problems of daily living. It is one of the direct methodswhich uses case by case approach for dealing with individuals. Social case work isprimarily related with psychosocial problems. It consists of the study of mental,emotional, and social factors.Every social problem is the outcome of many external and internal factors. Thereforewhen we deal with the individual problems, we also have to deal with his experiencesand reaction towards his problems. In social case work an individual, group, situation orphenomena is recognized as a unit of study and various aspects of the unity are studiedproperly. In it the social object preserves the unitary character Case Work as a Method of Social WorkSocial case work is a primary method of Social Work, related to psychosocialproblems. It consists of the study of mental emotional and social factor. Thepractice of case work is a humanistic attempt for helping people who havedifficulties in coping with the problems of daily living. It is one of the directmethod of social work which uses the case by case approach for dealing withindividuals or families as regards their problems of social functioning.The process of social case work involves the study of individual problem inits total setting. It is concerned with the understanding of individuals aswhole personalities and with the adjustment of these individuals to sociallyhealthy life. As a method of work, it involves a very careful observation of aproblemPage | 5
    • PlacementWe the students of MSW 1st Sem. Department of Sociology and Social Work ofUniversity of Kashmir has been divided into Eight groups and were sent to variousagencies for our concurrent field work. Our group consisted of five members namely Sumiya Ashraf Mehboob Mir Mohd. Aslam Lone Gulzar Ahmad Padder Ommer KhanWe were placed in Composite Regional Centre Bemina (CRC) for our concurrent fieldwork. Under the supervision of Mr Sarfaraz Ahmad (Faculty Supervisor) and Dr. ZaffarIqbal (the agency supervisor).In the Composite regional Center our group was distributed among variousdepartments for the case studies. I was placed in Department of Physiotherapy for mycase study.Page | 6
    • Agency IntroductionComposite Regional centre is a governmental organization for persons with disabilities.The institution is serving the persons with all kinds of disabilities. The institutioncatering the comprehensive rehabilitation service and special education to locomotors,speech and hearing, mentally challenged, visual impaired and persons with multipledisabilities through well equipped departments. EstablishmentComposite Regional Centre for persons with disabilities came into existence in the year2000 It is situated near Sheri –i- Kashmir institute of Medical Science, Bemina Srinagar(J&K). Its foundation was laid down by Manika Gandi in 1995-1996.It has been established by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment Govt. ofIndia under the persons with disabilities (equal opportunities, protection of rights and fullparticipation) Act 1995 which enjoys both the central and state Govts. To take large no ofsteps for disabled which covers both preventive and promotional aspects ofrehabilitation like education, health, employment, vocational tanning, research, andmanpower development for persons with disabilitiesThe institution is serving the persons with all kinds of disabilities. The institutioncatering the comprehensive rehabilitation service and special education to locomotors,speech and hearing, mentally challenged, visual impaired and persons with multipledisabilities through well equipped departments.The govt. of India, Ministry of Social Justice and empowerment has established NationalInstitutes in each major area  National Institute for visually handicapped, Dehradun  National Institute for orthopedically handicapped, Kolkata  National Institute for Mentally Handicapped, Andhra Pradesh  Ali Yawar Jung National Institute for Hearing handicapped MumbaiPage | 7
    • However the present institutional framework doesn’t appear to be adequate particularlyin the view of persons disability Act (1995)In this context it was proposed to setup six composite regional centers for persons withdisabilities in certain regions of the country which will provide services in the field ofdisability rehabilitation covering all the areasThe Composite Regional Centre Srinagar is one among the Six Composite RegionalCenters in the countyPage | 8
    • Aims and Objectives of Composite Regional Centre  Human Resource Development by training rehabilitation professionals, village level workers, multi rehabilitation workers  Linkage with existing medical, educational, and employment services following the principals of community based rehabilitation (CRC) and offer extension services in the rural areas  To provide rehabilitation service to the persons with disabilities  To serve as resource centre for rehabilitation and special education for persons with disabilities  Disability evaluation and certification  Vocational training and employment  Counseling, guidance and involvement of parents and familyPage | 9
    • Services Offered by Composite Regional Centre SrinagarThe Centre is delivering the following comprehensive rehabilitation services to personswith disabilities. The services at glance are:  Hearing Evaluation  Speech and Language Assessment  Auditory Training  Speech and language Therapy  Hearing Aid distribution under ADIP  Pre-School and Model School for children with hearing impaired & intellectually challenged  Psychotherapy  Family counseling  Special education Assessment  Physiotherapy  Electrotherapy  Occupational therapy  Fabrication of artificial limb  Belt, Wheel chair  Facilitation in job placement of persons with disabilities in private and govt. sectorPage | 10
    •  Parents training programme.Departments running in Composite Regional Centre Deptt. Of Rehabilitation Psychology Deptt. Of Speech and Hearing Deptt. Of Prosthetics and Orthotics Deptt. Of Occupational Therapy Deptt. Of Physiotherapy Deptt. Of Deptt. vocational Training and Employment Deptt. Of Special Education Model School for children with special needsPage | 11
    • Structure of Composite Regional Centre Speech & Language Exam Hall Canteen Faculty Room P. T O. T Exit Mental PsychologyProstheticOrthotics Fitting roomRehabilitation Toilet Exit Auditorium Entry Upstairs Toilet Administration Office Class Rooms Library Special Entry School VI Director Conference Room Page | 12
    • Location of Composite Regional CentreComposite Regional Centre (CRC) is located at Bemina 6 Km away from the heartof Srinagar (Lal Chowk) in the north, near Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of MedicalSciences Bemina. We can approach CRC via National Highway by pass. Road MapBaramulla Composite Regional Centre Bemina Polytechnic CRC Hajj House Bye PassJ&K BOSE SKIMS BeminaIslamabad Qamarwari Bemina, Batamaloo Lal chowkPage | 13
    • Hierarchy in CRC Director (Hilal Ahmad Paray) Deputy Director (Bashir Ahmad) HOD Academics: (Dr. Zaffar Iqbal) Rehabilitation Centre: (Shameem Ahmad) Office Head: (Irshad Ahmad) Deptt. Heads:OPD Deptt: Arifa PT Deptt.: Tahmeena MR Deptt. Mehjabeen VI Deptt. Vinod Singh OT Deptt. Vinod Kumar Reh. Psychology: Nazia Special School: AaliaOther Persons involved in Composite Regional Centre areLibrarian: Khursheed AhamadStore Keeper: Gowher Ah.Receptionist: Rifat, Afroza, GulshanGardner’s: M. Yousf, Javid Ah. And RafeeqPage | 14
    • Driver: Parvaiz Ah.Canteen: Manzoor AhmadNight Chowkidar: Manzoor Ah.Gate Keeper: Ab Rashid, Hyder.Sister Organization running under the supervision of Composite Regional Centre Six District disability centers are working under CRC, Srinagar. These areas under:  District Disability Rehabilitation Centre at Udhumpore.  District Disability Rehabilitation Centre at Baramulla.  District Disability Rehabilitation Centre at Leh.  District Disability Rehabilitation Centre at Anantnag.  District Disability Rehabilitation Centre at Doda.  District Disability Rehabilitation Centre at Poonch.Page | 15
    • Objectives of Field Work 1. To study the nature, scope, extension and magnitude of case work in the organization. 2. To understand the application of case work principles in practice. 3. To study the process of case work (intake, study, assessment, intervention, termination, evaluation) 4. To study ways of diagnosing problems and preparing treatment plan. 5. To learn the interviewing process in case work. 6. To learn the techniques and skills used in case work process. 7. To conduct counseling/home visits. 8. To prepare case work records.Page | 16
    • Role of case work in disabilitiesDisable persons are the weaker sections of our society and needs proper care andopportunities so that they cannot feel isolated from the society. Every person has agreater role in the upliftment of the disabled persons, so is the role of theprofessional Social worker. The social case worker uses scientific techniques andskills to provide services to the differently able persons.Serious illness and disability account for many of the problems addressed by socialservices. In addition to the need for adequate primary care, the ill and disabled alsofrequently face disruption or loss of income, inability to meet familyresponsibilities, the long-term process of recovery or adjustment to handicaps, andongoing care in the form of medication, therapy, and the observance of dietary orother precautions.In some countries, medical social workers are local-authority social workers whohave been attached to hospitals, local general-practice health centres, and childguidance agencies. They provide the counseling and other supportive servicesrequired by the physically ill and the disabled and their families. Especially incountries where free medical care is not available to the poor, the responsibility formeans-testing gives the workers an additional, advisory role with respect to theirclients financial problems. Personal social services make arrangements fordomiciliary care in the form of regular visits from home-helpers and occupationaltherapists; special appliances and home adaptations are supplied either by personalsocial services or by health services. In the case of severely disabled peoplepersonal social services run day-care centres to provide relief for family careproviders and small residential homes for the most dependent disabled when theyno longer require hospital care.Page | 17
    • Case work processInvestigation(intake study)Intake is the administrative process which starts with the forst encounter and endsusually with the second interview either with the case worker or the intake worker.This stage is very crucial and it requires a very skillfull probing into clientsproblem gathering all the relevant information about the person. The intake workerfocuses on certain questions likeWhat are the needs of person?How and where his needs can be met?The nature of the request, Does the request relates directly with the needs?His occupation. The person who is accompany him.The level of frequency in which he is talking.His appearance? Dress? Level of language frequency? etcThese questions give a broad picture of the person and other areas. The intakeprocedure if implemented properly helps the agency to avoid wastage of resources,frustration to the client and helps in utilizing time in a better way.Study: Study is the process of gathering all the possible information of the client.It requires an analysis of social, psychological and biological determinants of theclients current stressful situation. It may seek to include historical data on relatedpast life experiences and facts responsible. These are some methods of datacollection for study, they are observation, interview, home visits, and recording.Page | 18
    • I was assigned the case by the agency supervisor for my case work studyprocess and intervention. His personal data is as: Identifying informationName of the Client: Beeba (name changed)Age: 48 yearsSex : FemaleReligion: MuslimEducation: NillAddress: Noorbagh SrinagarNature of the problem: My client was fell from Motor cycleNature of Client: My client is extrovert, loneliness and has depressionDate of admission in the agency: 12- May- 2011Reason of Admission: she was not in position to movement with arm and wassend to the agencyFathers Name: Late Gh.Hassan Bhat (name changed)Occupation: LabourEducation: IlliterateIncome: 3000/monthPage | 19
    • Mothers name: Hajra (name Changed)Occupation: House WifeEducation: Illiterate Case backgroundMy client is a 48 year old lady woman, she lived a happy life. One day sheheard a news that her husband had died due to some Grenade explosion thathad happened in Srinagar in 1963. At that time my client went by motor cycleto the hospital and on the way she was fell from it that leads to her disability.From that time she (client) is also suffering from Hypertension and Dubieties Family Tree of my Client BEEBA (Client) Name changed c H D Son Daughter D Grand ChildrenPage | 20
    • Relationship of my Client with Family Members son Relatives Client Daughter Daughter in lawPage | 21
    • Preliminary StudyThe background of the above case was studied carefully. A thorough reading fromthe case file of the agency was made. Certain information was collected from themembers of the department, and I thought over the entire case to understand thelogic reason of the problem of my client.First Meeting with the client:On 08th June 2011, I was assigned the case and Dr Vinod accompanied with meand introduced my work with the departmental head. During the first meeting myclient was very silent. This was natural because he was meeting the caseworker, avirtual stranger, for the first time. He did not know anything about the caseworker.Normally no one would like to discuss personal problems with unknown person.Being the first visit I decided to introduce myself to him, to make him feel I washis friend, philosopher, and enabler. Generally the friendship cannot be developedin one meeting but to begin with one has to try to make the other feel that he isinterested in being a friend. Friendship develops on the basis of nature likemindedness, interests, feelings, positive attitudes, good approaches and the like soto strike a relation of friendship with him I decided to understand his interests likesPage | 22
    • and dislikes. All efforts were put in to create a cordial atmosphere and I managedto create a feeling of assurance in him. It was the the first meeting and I decided not to take a lot of time.I askedher to come tomorrow so that I will get more information and she agreed.Second Meeting with the client:In the second meeting when I enter into the agency she was laying on her bed andwas looking fresh and waiting for me to come to the agency. I was very happy tosee this and I got confidence and this was a sign of acceptance as a friend. I takethis opportunity and started communicate with my client as :Caseworker: How are you feeling nowadays?Client: better to some extent. But I am not feeling well properly.Caseworker: are you having pain all the day:Client: no! but whenever I carry anything I get severe pain, it is a big problem, Icannot help my daughter in law in house hold work. I do not want to be burden onthem.Caseworker: Please can you tell me about that accident.Page | 23
    • Client: She said some 17 years before I was at home and somebody told me thatgrenade explosion has happened in Srinagar in which my husband had injured. Iwent to the hospital by the motor cycle and on the way I fell from it.Caseworker: didn’t you get the immediate treatment after the accident?Client: No my dear, the conditions were very bad. I was unable to meet the doctor.His death broke me and make me all alone. I just wanted to die at that time. Butwho can change the fate.She got nervous and I don’t want to play with her emotions I tolerated the situationtaking into consideration the principle of controlled emotional involvement anddiverted her attention towards the day’s climate.She told me that she has to left for some personal matter.Page | 24
    • Home VisitHome visit in simpler terms means to make a visit to clients home onhis consent. The importance of family has been well recognized by thepersonnel in social work especially in the study of emotional, social andphysical aspects of family life is necessary to plan the treatmenteffectively. It is also very important to gather sufficient details ofinformation so that our prediction has less chance of being based onprejudices and this is achieved easily and effectively through homevisitsHome visits aim at therapeutic, sustaining and preventive measures aswell. At the W.H.O. European conference on Mental Hygiene Practice1959 it was recommended that home visits should be used fordiagnostic purposes as well as for treatment and supervision of longterm patients in their own homesBy home visit one sees the environment in which the patient livesobserves family and other relevant social interactions at first hand anddevelops a fuller diagnostic understanding of the patient forPage | 25
    • appropriate treatment planning. Home visit has thus become aneffective tool in total treatment programme.Home visit of my client Before the visit my client has asked me to take the consent of my son . I make aone call to her son and asked wether I would come or not. His son give me apermission. I along my co-workers left from the agency. It was about 12 km’saway from the agency. We knocked the door of my client’s house and twomembers of the come out, I told about myself and my purpose. They welcome usand asked to come in.I asked about my client’s health and presence.They replied that she has went to agency for her daily exercise and said she hasrecovered to some extent.Then I discussed with her daughter in law as:Caseworker: is there any behavioral change since accident?Daughter in law: A lot of change has happened from that time, especially after hersurgeries. She often shows a rude behavior and lose her temperamentCaseworker: I asked her about the cause of Beeba’s problem?Daughter in law: she replied the same storey as my client had described earlierPage | 26
    • Caseworker: is there any medical intervention going on?Daughter in law: yes she replied. She goes for checkup every week. Our familieshalf income is spent on herEnvironment at Home: Observations  My client is living in a small house with only four rooms plastered with mud  Old fashioned house one storied showing her low economic conditions  Having small lawn with limited space for recreation  Polluted environment  Poor economic conditionsPage | 27
    • Interviews with neighbors:I enquired about the case from the neighbors who gave the different picture aboutmy clients condition. I came to know that from last eight years their condition werevery poor. They would have not proper meals, medication for Beeba, after thedeath of her husband their condition changed as he was the only earning hand ofthe family.She must be linked to any governmental scheme for financial assistance so that shemay have proper medication. Her neighbors are very helpful and are always readyto help her in one or the other way.Page | 28
    • Diagnosis“Diagnosis: the client seeks help to solve his problem. To solve problems, onemust know the cases. The diagnostic process helps in organizing thesecausative factors in one whole, thereby making it more meaningful. One can seethe whole and its parts in relation to each otherAccording to Perlman 1957 diagnosis process involves examining the part of aproblem for their particular nature and organization, for the inter relationshipsamong them, for the relation between them and the means of their solution.Thus the diagnostic process according to her includes the conclusions thisprocess leads to, stating that the trouble seems to be, how it is related to goal,and what means the agency, case worker and client himself can bring to bearupon the trouble.”Page | 29
    • Diagnosis of my client Apart from her physical disability It was diagnosed that my client is having: Depression: because of the poor economic condition and hypertension my client often remains in depression Extrovert person: she talks with me too much showing her extrovertness Sensitive person: my client was full of emotions and was unable to control her emotions TreatmentThe purpose, for which social study and psychosocial assessment (diagnosis) areundertaken, is case work intervention (treatment). The first stage in interventioninvolves planning. The questions to be answered by the worker at this stage are:“what kind of Treatment will best stabiles or improve the clients functioning orbetter meet his needs?” in terms of the social adaptation or adjustment, whichwill be of most value to him?” it is important to stress, however that each step intreatment must be taken jointly with the client since he is the person who willultimately determine his engagement in this process. The aptitude, skills, andknowledge of the individual worker may promote the treatment process. Plan of treatmentThe first help my requires is remove the gap between my client and her daughter-in-law. Make him a member of the family. The treatment plan should be of longPage | 30
    • run. Therefore such a problem should be solved effectively. Taking all theconditions into account, a proper treatment plan was to be prepared.The treatment plan reads as: 1: It was necessary to render family counseling. As this counseling was required to create a favorable atmosphere of my client as she was in deep trouble. It was necessary to make her relations with her family members good. 2: To link client with social welfare department. I linked my client with the social welfare department which will provide her widow pension scheme monthly 3: motivated her in building self confidenceCounseling: Counseling is a process to assist to the individuals inunderstanding himself vis a vis his situation and problems, in exploring alternatesolutions, in taking most appropriate decisions in the situation, and in enhancinghis capacity to solve problems independently. Counseling is not possible withoutrapport and effective communication. No attempt is made in counseling to godeeper into the personality pattern of the counselee. The system of study,assessment, goal formation, treatment planning, treatment and termination of socialcase work is not followed in counseling. Interviewing techniques in counseling arethe same as are used in case work.The counselor like the case worker works with the counselee to adjust to thesituation though he never tries to change the situation of the counselee. Counselingalso enables the counselee to solve his future problems on his own that is it leads toself counseling .Counseling also helped to remove all the misunderstandingbetween the two families.Page | 31
    • Being a fresh student of social work it was difficult for me to counselthe clients family. So before going into the family of my client a counseling sessionwas planned. with the help of social work skills and techniques I removed the gapbetween the client and her daughter in law and there was a change in both and afavourable atmosphere was created. Termination and evaluationAs my client was processing well I think that I should terminate thecase, but I also suggested her to have a close contact with the agency forher regular exercises and also to present herself before the socialwelfare department per month so as to get widow pension.The purpose of evaluation as a process of case work is to see If ourrwork are yielding any result or not. If the techniques used are servingthe purpose and if the goals are being achieved. The process ofintervention designed by me was to some extent was result oriented andeach cause of action resulted into a desired reaction. I will do the furtherfollow-ups and the rehabilitation process is still going on.Page | 32
    • Application of case Work Principals. Principle of acceptance Principle of confidentiality Principle of controlled emotional involvement Principle of non judjemental attitudePage | 33
    • Principle of communication Learning’s  Exposure to field work  Skills for building a good relations  I came to know about various disabilities in Kashmir I came to know the importance of communication.  Learned to understand non-verbal communication  I Learned how to implement theory in practicePage | 34
    •  I Learnt that Rapport building is not an easy job as it seems to be.  I Learnt that even a disabled person has such capacities that normal persons lack. Suggestions  Family should not take disabled persons the as burden, they should support them.  Transport facilities should be provided to disabled persons  Proper awareness about different schemes for disabled  Provide recreational facilitiesPage | 35
    • Limitations  The time period was limited to 13 visits only.  There was no proper record of clients in the agency.  Lack of infrastructure  Lack of transport facilities.Page | 36
    • conclusionA disabled person should be treated as friendly. We should notconsider them as a burden rather we should treat them in such away so that they will not feel themselves as dependent. We shouldtreat the disabled person just like any other member of the family.He/She should be not rejected,because with proper training adisabled can take care himself/herself if given a chance. We shouldalways be empathetic towards the disabled persons.Page | 37
    • BibliographyBatcharia, S. (2002). Social Work an integrated approach. Bhopal: Deep and Deep Publication Pvt. Ltd.maga. (2009, May June). Composite Regional Centre . pp. 1-8, 19-25.Perlman. (2002). Social Case Work. university of chicago: chicgo pressSubhedar, I. S. (2001). Field Work Training in Social Work. jaipur India: Rawat Publication.Upadhyay, R. K. (2003). Social Case Work, A Therapeutic Approach. Jaipur India: Rawat Publications.Page | 38