Rocking Success is the Only Alternative:
Bringing Excellent Internet Research together for Smart Cities
Mirko Presser
@mir...
SEATTLE	
  WORLD	
  FAIR	
  ‘62	
  
What about today’s visions?
IFEZ	
  MOVIE	
  
What is a Smart City?
smart
/smärt/
Adjective
Having or showing a quick-witted intelligence.
Verb
(of a wound or part of the body) Cause a sharp...
What kind of city do you want to live in?

@mirkopresser
Continuously innovating makes cities smart.
Frank J. Sprague (1857-1934) changed the face
of the Earth with electric traction.
Frank’s invention made cities huge!
What are today’s inventions that changes cities?
So how can we harness the internet for cities?
Holisitc

Sector
Specific
€	
  &	
  	
  §	
  

€	
  &	
  	
  §	
  

€	
  &	
  	
  §	
  

€	
  &	
  	
  §	
  

€	
  &	
  	
  §	
  

€	
  &	
  	
  §	
...
Intelligent	
  public	
  waste	
  baskets	
  
Fill	
  level	
  sensors	
  

•  Ad	
  hoc	
  fill	
  level	
  measurements;	...
AutomaJc	
  adaptaJon	
  of	
  Street	
  LighJng	
  

•  Authority	
  system	
  power	
  regulators:	
  
controls	
  the	
...
Smart City
Initiative
Framework
Soft Infrastructure

Level 1

Level 2

Level 3

Level 4

Value Assessment

Individual proj...
Smart City
Initiative
Framework
Soft Infrastructure

Level 1

Level 2

Level 3

Level 4

Value Assessment

Individual proj...
Silos’ Value

Untapped Value

hVp://www.mckinsey.com/mgi/publicaJons/ig_data/pdfs/MGI_big_data_full_report.pdf	
  	
  
Smart City
Initiative
Framework
Soft Infrastructure

Level 1

Level 2

Level 3

Level 4

Value Assessment

Individual proj...
Smart City
Initiative
Framework
Soft Infrastructure

Level 1

Level 2

Level 3

Level 4

Value Assessment

Individual proj...
Smart City
Initiative
Framework
Soft Infrastructure

Level 1

Level 2

Level 3

Level 4

Value Assessment

Individual proj...
CLOUD SERVICES

OPEN DATA

INTERNET OF THINGS
What is the INTERNET OF THINGS?
IoT Anthem
互联网 + 物联网 = 智慧的地球
Wen Jiabao, 2009
http://iotcomicbook.org/
Services Beyond the Product
Bringing services to people beyond the product itself
is the interesting aspect of the Interne...
What is OPEN DATA?
”We are using these maps to identify the areas
tourists take pictures and make sure they are
properly cleaned up.”

- some...
CKAN is a powerful data management system that makes data accessible – by
providing tools to streamline publishing, sharin...
IoT 

 
 
 
 
 
+ Open Data 

 
 
 
 
 
= awsøme (or awesøme)
"There are two ideas on collision course. The
Internet of Things and Open Data. The first
one is enabling us to measure and...
DATA
Catalogue

MW

Data/
Devices

APP
demo	
  
DATA
Catalogue

MW
DATA	
  plane	
  

DATA
Catalogue
TOOL
BOX

MW

APP
APPs/
Services

Data/
Devices

IoT Platform

MGMT

MGMT	
  plane	
  
.com
examples
hVp://smartsantander.eu/	
  	
  
The FIA in Prague
Smart City
Initiative
Framework
Soft Infrastructure

Level 1

Level 2

Level 3

Level 4

Value Assessment

Individual proj...
SmartAarhus Intro

http://www.smartaarhus.dk/
LU
DK
FI
DK
DK
FI
FI
NL
AT
AT
FR
AT
AT
NL
NL
BE
SI

Luxembourg
Aarhus
Turku
Aalborg
Odense
Tampere
Oulu
Eindhoven
Linz
Sal...
0€
hVp://citydashboard.alexandra.dk/Dashboard/	
  	
  
Smart City
Initiative
Framework
Soft Infrastructure

Level 1

Level 2

Level 3

Level 4

Value Assessment

Individual proj...
URB-Grade Intro
Multi-Tenancy Smart City Cloud Platform (targeting energy)"
Smart City
Initiative
Framework
Soft Infrastructure

Level 1

Level 2

Level 3

Level 4

Value Assessment

Individual proj...
holistic
sector
0-5 years

> 5 years
holistic
sector
0-5 years

> 5 years
holistic
sector

clear 
business model

0-5 years

> 5 years
so·cI·o·Tal
/səˈsīotl/
Adjective
Of or relating to society or social relations: "socIoTal change".
Synonyms
social
What kind of city do you want to live in?
Mirko	
  Presser	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  @mirkopresser	
  
Head	
  of	
  Research	
  and	
  InnovaJon	
  
Smart	
  City	
  ...
Verdict: Smart City and the Future Internet
Verdict: Smart City and the Future Internet
Verdict: Smart City and the Future Internet
Verdict: Smart City and the Future Internet
Verdict: Smart City and the Future Internet
Verdict: Smart City and the Future Internet
Verdict: Smart City and the Future Internet
Verdict: Smart City and the Future Internet
Verdict: Smart City and the Future Internet
Verdict: Smart City and the Future Internet
Verdict: Smart City and the Future Internet
Verdict: Smart City and the Future Internet
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Verdict: Smart City and the Future Internet

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Smart City, Open Data and Internet of Things

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Verdict: Smart City and the Future Internet

  1. 1. Rocking Success is the Only Alternative: Bringing Excellent Internet Research together for Smart Cities Mirko Presser @mirkopresser Head of Research and Innovation Smart City Lab Alexandra Instituttet A/S
  2. 2. SEATTLE  WORLD  FAIR  ‘62  
  3. 3. What about today’s visions?
  4. 4. IFEZ  MOVIE  
  5. 5. What is a Smart City?
  6. 6. smart /smärt/ Adjective Having or showing a quick-witted intelligence. Verb (of a wound or part of the body) Cause a sharp, stinging pain: “the wound was smarting”. Noun Intelligence; acumen. Synonyms adjective. sharp – clever – shrewd – quick – stylish – elegant verb. hurt – ache – sting – tingle – pain – prickle noun. pain – ache – grief – sting
  7. 7. What kind of city do you want to live in? @mirkopresser
  8. 8. Continuously innovating makes cities smart.
  9. 9. Frank J. Sprague (1857-1934) changed the face of the Earth with electric traction.
  10. 10. Frank’s invention made cities huge!
  11. 11. What are today’s inventions that changes cities?
  12. 12. So how can we harness the internet for cities?
  13. 13. Holisitc Sector Specific
  14. 14. €  &    §   €  &    §   €  &    §   €  &    §   €  &    §   €  &    §   €  &    §  
  15. 15. Intelligent  public  waste  baskets   Fill  level  sensors   •  Ad  hoc  fill  level  measurements;  data  transmission  to  the  collecJon  vehicle  when  it   approaches   •  Develop  assisted  applicaJon  for  maintenance  and  fill  level  visualisaJon     •  Main  Targets:   o  Test  fill  level  sensors  and  capillary  network  (integraJon  of  sensor  nodes  with   gateways  and  collecJon  vehicle  communicaJon)   o  Evaluate  data  gathering  process  of  fill  level  and  assisted  maintenance   (manual  malfuncJon  messages,  automaJc  error  messages)    
  16. 16. AutomaJc  adaptaJon  of  Street  LighJng   •  Authority  system  power  regulators:   controls  the  power  provided  to  lamp   post  lines   Power Regulator (Ingequr) •  Pedestrian  flow  sensors  network:   based  on  radar  technology.  Detect   people  presence  on  a  specific  area   (city  centre  street  or  square)   RADAR sensor node •  Main  Targets:   o  Test  Presence  detectors  and  capillary  network  (integraJon  of   node  sensors  with  repeaters  &  gateways  plus  data  gathering   process)   o  Test  communicaJon  with  Power  Regulators  (send  commands)   o  Verify  the  adaptability  of  luminous  intensity  
  17. 17. Smart City Initiative Framework Soft Infrastructure Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Value Assessment Individual project business cases Some non-financial value assessment Holistic value assessment Holistic value assessment supporting diversification of social/environmental/financial funding sources Governance Departmental governance structures Some corss-departmental collaboration Cross-departmental "Smart City" management positions in place City-wide governance structures and shared performance targets combined with international Strategic ICT Focus Limited ICT capability Some strategic focus on ICT ICT Vision for the City ICT vision and strategy overseen by dedicated City CIO Citizen Engagement Limited Citizen engagement with Service Design Project-level, basic needs analysis, pilots Citizen feedback loops established Citizen participation in integrated service design Hard Infrastructure IT project focus Little or no ICT projects Integraton of Data Streams No data integration Digital Service Provision Little or no digial service provision Integrated ICT investments Targeted ICT project Real-time city operations (including embedded sensing, investments (e.g. Smart Grid) optimisations control and actuation) Small scale data integration Creative data mash-ups pulling data to a common platform Open data and crowdsourcing initiatives Handful of digital services Integrated digital services around the city environment Diversity of cloud-based citizen services hVp://www.arup.com/PublicaJons/InformaJon_Marketplaces_the_new_economics_of_ciJes.aspx    
  18. 18. Smart City Initiative Framework Soft Infrastructure Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Value Assessment Individual project business cases Some non-financial value assessment Holistic value assessment Holistic value assessment supporting diversification of social/environmental/financial funding sources Governance Departmental governance structures Some corss-departmental collaboration Cross-departmental "Smart City" management positions in place City-wide governance structures and shared performance targets combined with international Strategic ICT Focus Limited ICT capability Some strategic focus on ICT ICT Vision for the City ICT vision and strategy overseen by dedicated City CIO Citizen Engagement Limited Citizen engagement with Service Design Project-level, basic needs analysis, pilots Citizen feedback loops established Citizen participation in integrated service design Hard Infrastructure IT project focus Little or no ICT projects Integraton of Data Streams No data integration Digital Service Provision Little or no digial service provision Integrated ICT investments Targeted ICT project Real-time city operations (including embedded sensing, investments (e.g. Smart Grid) optimisations control and actuation) Small scale data integration Creative data mash-ups pulling data to a common platform Open data and crowdsourcing initiatives Handful of digital services Integrated digital services around the city environment Diversity of cloud-based citizen services hVp://www.arup.com/PublicaJons/InformaJon_Marketplaces_the_new_economics_of_ciJes.aspx    
  19. 19. Silos’ Value Untapped Value hVp://www.mckinsey.com/mgi/publicaJons/ig_data/pdfs/MGI_big_data_full_report.pdf    
  20. 20. Smart City Initiative Framework Soft Infrastructure Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Value Assessment Individual project business cases Some non-financial value assessment Holistic value assessment Holistic value assessment supporting diversification of social/environmental/financial funding sources Governance Departmental governance structures Some corss-departmental collaboration Cross-departmental "Smart City" management positions in place City-wide governance structures and shared performance targets combined with international Strategic ICT Focus Limited ICT capability Some strategic focus on ICT ICT Vision for the City ICT vision and strategy overseen by dedicated City CIO Citizen Engagement Limited Citizen engagement with Service Design Project-level, basic needs analysis, pilots Citizen feedback loops established Citizen participation in integrated service design Hard Infrastructure IT project focus Little or no ICT projects Integraton of Data Streams No data integration Digital Service Provision Little or no digial service provision Integrated ICT investments Targeted ICT project Real-time city operations (including embedded sensing, investments (e.g. Smart Grid) optimisations control and actuation) Small scale data integration Creative data mash-ups pulling data to a common platform Open data and crowdsourcing initiatives Handful of digital services Integrated digital services around the city environment Diversity of cloud-based citizen services hVp://www.arup.com/PublicaJons/InformaJon_Marketplaces_the_new_economics_of_ciJes.aspx    
  21. 21. Smart City Initiative Framework Soft Infrastructure Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Value Assessment Individual project business cases Some non-financial value assessment Holistic value assessment Holistic value assessment supporting diversification of social/environmental/financial funding sources Governance Departmental governance structures Some corss-departmental collaboration Cross-departmental "Smart City" management positions in place City-wide governance structures and shared performance targets combined with international Strategic ICT Focus Limited ICT capability Some strategic focus on ICT ICT Vision for the City ICT vision and strategy overseen by dedicated City CIO Citizen Engagement Limited Citizen engagement with Service Design Project-level, basic needs analysis, pilots Citizen feedback loops established Citizen participation in integrated service design Hard Infrastructure IT project focus Little or no ICT projects Integraton of Data Streams No data integration Digital Service Provision Little or no digial service provision Integrated ICT investments Targeted ICT project Real-time city operations (including embedded sensing, investments (e.g. Smart Grid) optimisations control and actuation) Small scale data integration Creative data mash-ups pulling data to a common platform Open data and crowdsourcing initiatives Handful of digital services Integrated digital services around the city environment Diversity of cloud-based citizen services hVp://www.arup.com/PublicaJons/InformaJon_Marketplaces_the_new_economics_of_ciJes.aspx    
  22. 22. Smart City Initiative Framework Soft Infrastructure Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Value Assessment Individual project business cases Some non-financial value assessment Holistic value assessment Holistic value assessment supporting diversification of social/environmental/financial funding sources Governance Departmental governance structures Some corss-departmental collaboration Cross-departmental "Smart City" management positions in place City-wide governance structures and shared performance targets combined with international Strategic ICT Focus Limited ICT capability Some strategic focus on ICT ICT Vision for the City ICT vision and strategy overseen by dedicated City CIO Citizen Engagement Limited Citizen engagement with Service Design Project-level, basic needs analysis, pilots Citizen feedback loops established Citizen participation in integrated service design Hard Infrastructure INTERNET OF THINGS OPEN DATA CLOUD SERVICES Little or no ICT projects Integrated ICT investments Targeted ICT project Real-time city operations (including embedded sensing, investments (e.g. Smart Grid) optimisations control and actuation) No data integration Small scale data integration Creative data mash-ups pulling data to a common platform Little or no digial service provision Handful of digital services Integrated digital services around the city environment Open data and crowdsourcing initiatives Diversity of cloud-based citizen services hVp://www.arup.com/PublicaJons/InformaJon_Marketplaces_the_new_economics_of_ciJes.aspx    
  23. 23. CLOUD SERVICES OPEN DATA INTERNET OF THINGS
  24. 24. What is the INTERNET OF THINGS?
  25. 25. IoT Anthem
  26. 26. 互联网 + 物联网 = 智慧的地球 Wen Jiabao, 2009
  27. 27. http://iotcomicbook.org/
  28. 28. Services Beyond the Product Bringing services to people beyond the product itself is the interesting aspect of the Internet of Things. The challenge is to find viable business models.
  29. 29. What is OPEN DATA?
  30. 30. ”We are using these maps to identify the areas tourists take pictures and make sure they are properly cleaned up.” - someone from Barcelona Digital Erik Fischer’s photostream: locals and tourists
  31. 31. CKAN is a powerful data management system that makes data accessible – by providing tools to streamline publishing, sharing, finding and using data. CKAN is aimed at data publishers (national and regional governments, companies and organizations) wanting to make their data open and available.
  32. 32. IoT + Open Data = awsøme (or awesøme)
  33. 33. "There are two ideas on collision course. The Internet of Things and Open Data. The first one is enabling us to measure and interact with the world in real time, the second one gives that ability to everyone."  me, very recently
  34. 34. DATA Catalogue MW Data/ Devices APP
  35. 35. demo  
  36. 36. DATA Catalogue MW
  37. 37. DATA  plane   DATA Catalogue TOOL BOX MW APP APPs/ Services Data/ Devices IoT Platform MGMT MGMT  plane  
  38. 38. .com
  39. 39. examples
  40. 40. hVp://smartsantander.eu/    
  41. 41. The FIA in Prague
  42. 42. Smart City Initiative Framework Soft Infrastructure Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Value Assessment Individual project business cases Some non-financial value assessment Holistic value assessment Holistic value assessment supporting diversification of social/environmental/financial funding sources Governance Departmental governance structures Some corss-departmental collaboration Cross-departmental "Smart City" management positions in place City-wide governance structures and shared performance targets combined with international Strategic ICT Focus Limited ICT capability Some strategic focus on ICT ICT Vision for the City ICT vision and strategy overseen by dedicated City CIO Citizen Engagement Limited Citizen engagement with Service Design Project-level, basic needs analysis, pilots Citizen feedback loops established Citizen participation in integrated service design Hard Infrastructure IT project focus Little or no ICT projects Integraton of Data Streams No data integration Digital Service Provision Little or no digial service provision Integrated ICT investments Targeted ICT project Real-time city operations (including embedded sensing, investments (e.g. Smart Grid) optimisations control and actuation) Small scale data integration Creative data mash-ups pulling data to a common platform Open data and crowdsourcing initiatives Handful of digital services Integrated digital services around the city environment Diversity of cloud-based citizen services hVp://smartsantander.eu/    
  43. 43. SmartAarhus Intro http://www.smartaarhus.dk/
  44. 44. LU DK FI DK DK FI FI NL AT AT FR AT AT NL NL BE SI Luxembourg Aarhus Turku Aalborg Odense Tampere Oulu Eindhoven Linz Salzburg Monpellier Innsbruck Graz Nijmegen Groningen Ghent Ljublijana Eco 1 4 16 17 15 29 25 6 5 27 30 28 18 24 14 19 8 Peo 2 1 8 4 3 7 6 13 25 30 23 35 32 14 9 16 11 Gov 13 6 2 4 5 1 3 18 11 8 33 9 12 14 15 31 43 Mob 6 9 21 11 5 27 28 2 14 15 24 8 17 3 20 7 31 hVp://smart-­‐ciJes.eu/     Env 25 20 11 26 50 12 14 39 28 29 1 40 31 51 37 48 3 Liv 6 12 9 11 17 8 19 18 7 1 16 3 5 24 13 4 29 Rank 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
  45. 45. 0€
  46. 46. hVp://citydashboard.alexandra.dk/Dashboard/    
  47. 47. Smart City Initiative Framework Soft Infrastructure Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Value Assessment Individual project business cases Some non-financial value assessment Holistic value assessment Holistic value assessment supporting diversification of social/environmental/financial funding sources Governance Departmental governance structures Some corss-departmental collaboration Cross-departmental "Smart City" management positions in place City-wide governance structures and shared performance targets combined with international Strategic ICT Focus Limited ICT capability Some strategic focus on ICT ICT Vision for the City ICT vision and strategy overseen by dedicated City CIO Citizen Engagement Limited Citizen engagement with Service Design Project-level, basic needs analysis, pilots Citizen feedback loops established Citizen participation in integrated service design Hard Infrastructure IT project focus Little or no ICT projects Integraton of Data Streams No data integration Digital Service Provision Little or no digial service provision Integrated ICT investments Targeted ICT project Real-time city operations (including embedded sensing, investments (e.g. Smart Grid) optimisations control and actuation) Small scale data integration Creative data mash-ups pulling data to a common platform Open data and crowdsourcing initiatives Handful of digital services Integrated digital services around the city environment Diversity of cloud-based citizen services http://www.smartaarhus.dk/
  48. 48. URB-Grade Intro
  49. 49. Multi-Tenancy Smart City Cloud Platform (targeting energy)"
  50. 50. Smart City Initiative Framework Soft Infrastructure Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Value Assessment Individual project business cases Some non-financial value assessment Holistic value assessment Holistic value assessment supporting diversification of social/environmental/financial funding sources Governance Departmental governance structures Some corss-departmental collaboration Cross-departmental "Smart City" management positions in place City-wide governance structures and shared performance targets combined with international Strategic ICT Focus Limited ICT capability Some strategic focus on ICT ICT Vision for the City ICT vision and strategy overseen by dedicated City CIO Citizen Engagement Limited Citizen engagement with Service Design Project-level, basic needs analysis, pilots Citizen feedback loops established Citizen participation in integrated service design Hard Infrastructure IT project focus Little or no ICT projects Integraton of Data Streams No data integration Digital Service Provision Little or no digial service provision Integrated ICT investments Targeted ICT project Real-time city operations (including embedded sensing, investments (e.g. Smart Grid) optimisations control and actuation) Small scale data integration Creative data mash-ups pulling data to a common platform Open data and crowdsourcing initiatives Handful of digital services Integrated digital services around the city environment Diversity of cloud-based citizen services hVp://www.arup.com/PublicaJons/InformaJon_Marketplaces_the_new_economics_of_ciJes.aspx    
  51. 51. holistic sector 0-5 years > 5 years
  52. 52. holistic sector 0-5 years > 5 years
  53. 53. holistic sector clear business model 0-5 years > 5 years
  54. 54. so·cI·o·Tal /səˈsīotl/ Adjective Of or relating to society or social relations: "socIoTal change". Synonyms social
  55. 55. What kind of city do you want to live in?
  56. 56. Mirko  Presser            @mirkopresser   Head  of  Research  and  InnovaJon   Smart  City  Lab   Alexandra  InsJtuVet  A/S     E:  mirko.presser@alexandra.dk   M:  +45  30  49  09  76   web  en:  www.alexandra.dk/uk    
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