CAN DIGGING
DEEPER INTO DATA
HELP TO FINANCE
INVESTIGATIONS?
AN INTRODUCTION TO
DATA-DRIVEN JOURNALISM
Mirko Lorenz, Journ...
DATA AND
INVESTIGATIVE JOURNALISM:
WHY, HOW AND WHEN?
CONTEXT:
THE FUTURE OF JOURNALISM

      OPPORTUNITY:
 DATA-DRIVEN JOURNALISM

How can we make use of data?
     What is t...
CONTENTS
1. WHY DATA? WHY NOW?
2. EXAMPLES, PLEASE!
3. FUTURE PERSPECTIVES?
4. NEXT STEPS
1      2      3       4
WHY DATA? WHY NOW?
SOME QUOTES WHY AND HOW
  DATA-DRIVEN JOURNALISM
IS BECOMING IMPORTANT...
Online work to be 'data-driven'
Posted: 16/10/02 By: Caroline White




"Journalists will do less 'been-there,
done-that' ...
I keep saying the sexy job in the next ten years will be
statisticians. People think I’m joking, but who would’ve
guessed ...
„Journalism has always been about reporting facts and
assertions and making sense of world affairs. No news
there. But as ...
WE HAVE TO RETHINK
OUR FORMATS
BIG AMOUNTS OF
INFORMATION ARE LOST
EVERY DAY
BECAUSE THEY ARE
PRINTED OR TELEVISED
AMOUNT OF DATA     DATA SOURCES
    NEW ANALYSIS TOOLS

                         ONLINE DISTRIBUTION


WHY DATA? WHY NOW?
...
SUB-PRIME CRISIS         RATING AGENCIES
CREDIT CARD DEBTS                     PRIVACY

  GREEK DEFICIT          DECEPTION...
DATA-DRIVEN JOURNALISM = A PROCESS




                              STORY

                VISUALIZE

       FILTER
     ...
DATA-DRIVEN JOURNALISM


FLAT EARTH NEWS
                   VS.


     DEEP-LINKED
       STORIES
(WE NEED RELEVANT NEWS A...
1       2        3       4
EXAMPLES, PLEASE
DATA-DRIVEN JOURNALISM
1. USE DATA TO TELL STORIES
2. CREATE BETTER FILTERS
4....
USE DATA, TELL A STORY




Mediastorm: Never coming home
http://www.mediastorm.org/0006.htm
CREATE BETTER FILTERS
...RESULT IN SIMPLE CLARITY
MAKE CONNECTIONS VISIBLE (ELASTIC LISTS)




        http://well-formed-data.net/experiments/elastic_lists/
ENABLE TRUSTED ACTION


                  ust?
              u tr ta
          n yo f da
    o ca elp o
Wh e h            ...
The New York Times Rent vs. Buy Calculator
WHY? (MID-LEVEL)
                  TO STAY RELEVANT
                  JOURNALSTS MUST
                  DIG DEEPER
       ...
1      2       3       4
PERSPECTIVES FOR
  DATA-DRIVEN JOURNALISM
  WHAT IS THERE TO LEARN?
NOT ABOUT STATISTICS
NOT ABOUT INFOGRAPHICS
DATA-INNOVATION ON ALL LEVELS:
THE LIST IS GETTING LONGER BY THE HOUR

‣   Ushahidi (Al Jazeera, Haiti)
‣   New York Times...
PERSPECTIVES

‣   DATA-DRIVEN JOURNALISM IS AN OPPORTUNITY
‣   DATA SHOULD BE INTERPRETED BY JOURNALISTS
‣   DATA CAN HELP...
Thomson Reuters

                    The Economist

   MAKING MONEY?

RETHINK OUR FORMATS
New York Times
                 ...
FUTURE OPPORTUNITIES

REDUCE TIME TO SEARCH
MINIMIZE NEED TO REFORMAT
ENABLE DECISIONS
DETECT ANOMALIES EARLIER
BE TRUSTAB...
1     2       3      4
DATA-DRIVEN JOURNALISM
NEXT STEPS
DATA CAN:
STEAL THE WORLD
OR
HEAL THE WORLD
REGRESSION
ANALYSIS,
PREDICTIVE
MODELLING:
DATA WILL GET
EVEN MORE
POWERFUL
EJC • DATA-DRIVEN JOURNALISM


 1   Description     PAPER   PRESENTATION



 2   Demonstration   CONFERENCE

             ...
EJC • DATA-DRIVEN JOURNALISM

Curriculum    Results orientated,
              understand journalist interests

           ...
SUMMARY: GOALS


EJC • DATA-DRIVEN JOURNALISM
3 YEAR PERSPECTIVE

DEMONSTRATE EXAMPLES ON WEB
TRAIN JOURNALISTS
CREATE EUR...
QUESTION:
WHAT IS THE
BIGGEST BARRIER
KEEPING
JOURNALISTS FROM
USING DATA?
THANK YOU!




     Mirko Lorenz
mirko.lorenz@gmail.com
Data-driven journalism (GIJC, Geneva April 2010) #ddj
Data-driven journalism (GIJC, Geneva April 2010) #ddj
Data-driven journalism (GIJC, Geneva April 2010) #ddj
Data-driven journalism (GIJC, Geneva April 2010) #ddj
Data-driven journalism (GIJC, Geneva April 2010) #ddj
Data-driven journalism (GIJC, Geneva April 2010) #ddj
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Data-driven journalism (GIJC, Geneva April 2010) #ddj

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Can the analysis of data help investigative journalism? Could new workflows working with data create more substantial reporting and thus finance costly investigations? This talk tried to provide food for thought for these questions, not the final answers. Work ahead on this...

Data-driven journalism (GIJC, Geneva April 2010) #ddj

  1. 1. CAN DIGGING DEEPER INTO DATA HELP TO FINANCE INVESTIGATIONS? AN INTRODUCTION TO DATA-DRIVEN JOURNALISM Mirko Lorenz, Journalist/Information Architect Global Investigative Journalism Conference GENEVA (APRIL 2010) - http://www.gijc2010.ch/
  2. 2. DATA AND INVESTIGATIVE JOURNALISM: WHY, HOW AND WHEN?
  3. 3. CONTEXT: THE FUTURE OF JOURNALISM OPPORTUNITY: DATA-DRIVEN JOURNALISM How can we make use of data? What is there to learn? A curriculum to train journalists?
  4. 4. CONTENTS 1. WHY DATA? WHY NOW? 2. EXAMPLES, PLEASE! 3. FUTURE PERSPECTIVES? 4. NEXT STEPS
  5. 5. 1 2 3 4 WHY DATA? WHY NOW? SOME QUOTES WHY AND HOW DATA-DRIVEN JOURNALISM IS BECOMING IMPORTANT...
  6. 6. Online work to be 'data-driven' Posted: 16/10/02 By: Caroline White "Journalists will do less 'been-there, done-that' reporting as readers demand more continuous coverage of issues, such as domestic violence and child abuse.“ Hal Straus, database editor and manager for Washington Post Newsweek Interactive added: "Consumer news is a hard sell in a lot of newsrooms because it's not going to win a Pulitzer, but people really want objective information about what they are buying or have bought." http://www.journalism.co.uk/2/articles/5493.php
  7. 7. I keep saying the sexy job in the next ten years will be statisticians. People think I’m joking, but who would’ve guessed that computer engineers would’ve been the sexy job of the 1990s? Hal Varian, Google Chief Economist, The McKinsey Quarterly, January 2009
  8. 8. „Journalism has always been about reporting facts and assertions and making sense of world affairs. No news there. But as we move further into the 21st century, we will have to increasingly rely on "data" to feed our stories, to the point that "data-driven reporting" becomes second nature to journalists.“ Zach Beauvais, Journalism Needs Data in the 21st Century, ReadWriteWeb, August 5, 2009 http://www.readwriteweb.com/archives/journalism_needs_data_in_21st_century.php
  9. 9. WE HAVE TO RETHINK OUR FORMATS BIG AMOUNTS OF INFORMATION ARE LOST EVERY DAY BECAUSE THEY ARE PRINTED OR TELEVISED
  10. 10. AMOUNT OF DATA DATA SOURCES NEW ANALYSIS TOOLS ONLINE DISTRIBUTION WHY DATA? WHY NOW? (TOP 5 REASONS) NEED FOR CLARITY OPPORTUNITY FOR JOURNALISM
  11. 11. SUB-PRIME CRISIS RATING AGENCIES CREDIT CARD DEBTS PRIVACY GREEK DEFICIT DECEPTION FRAUD TOTAL COST OF PURCHASES SENSEMAKING IS NEEDED HERE Sensemaking: “..the ability or attempt to make sense of an ambiguous situation. More exactly, sensemaking is the process of creating situational awareness and understanding in situations of high complexity or uncertainty in order to make decisions.” (Wikipedia)
  12. 12. DATA-DRIVEN JOURNALISM = A PROCESS STORY VISUALIZE FILTER B LIC O PU DATA U ET VAL
  13. 13. DATA-DRIVEN JOURNALISM FLAT EARTH NEWS VS. DEEP-LINKED STORIES (WE NEED RELEVANT NEWS AND BETTER FILTERS)
  14. 14. 1 2 3 4 EXAMPLES, PLEASE DATA-DRIVEN JOURNALISM 1. USE DATA TO TELL STORIES 2. CREATE BETTER FILTERS 4. ENABLE DECISIONS 3. COLLABORATE
  15. 15. USE DATA, TELL A STORY Mediastorm: Never coming home http://www.mediastorm.org/0006.htm
  16. 16. CREATE BETTER FILTERS
  17. 17. ...RESULT IN SIMPLE CLARITY
  18. 18. MAKE CONNECTIONS VISIBLE (ELASTIC LISTS) http://well-formed-data.net/experiments/elastic_lists/
  19. 19. ENABLE TRUSTED ACTION ust? u tr ta n yo f da o ca elp o Wh e h help With th ts could nalis make jour e to ns - pl peo ed des buy cisio ing in form litics to po from ed car. a n us
  20. 20. The New York Times Rent vs. Buy Calculator
  21. 21. WHY? (MID-LEVEL) TO STAY RELEVANT JOURNALSTS MUST DIG DEEPER STORY STORY THE DATA LAYER (GROWING VERY FAST)
  22. 22. 1 2 3 4 PERSPECTIVES FOR DATA-DRIVEN JOURNALISM WHAT IS THERE TO LEARN?
  23. 23. NOT ABOUT STATISTICS NOT ABOUT INFOGRAPHICS
  24. 24. DATA-INNOVATION ON ALL LEVELS: THE LIST IS GETTING LONGER BY THE HOUR ‣ Ushahidi (Al Jazeera, Haiti) ‣ New York Times: Rent or buy ‣ Guardian Data-Blog ‣ Guardian Crowdsourcing of Data (Example) ‣ Flowing Data ‣ Information is Beautiful ‣ Innovative Interactivity ‣ Oakland Crime, Chicago Crime, Blaulichtkurier ‣ EveryBlock
  25. 25. PERSPECTIVES ‣ DATA-DRIVEN JOURNALISM IS AN OPPORTUNITY ‣ DATA SHOULD BE INTERPRETED BY JOURNALISTS ‣ DATA CAN HELP FINANCE JOURNALISM IN GENERAL ‣ DATA CAN HELP TO INVESTIGATE, DETECT PATTERNS, ANOMALIES EARLY ‣ STATUS OF DATA-DRIVEN JOURNALISM 2010: FEW PEOPLE UNDERSTAND HOW IT IS DONE NASCENT OFFERINGS, NO LEADERS YET (MAYBE GUARDIAN, NYT) EJC TO SPREAD THE WORD AND KNOW-HOW
  26. 26. Thomson Reuters The Economist MAKING MONEY? RETHINK OUR FORMATS New York Times Guardian
  27. 27. FUTURE OPPORTUNITIES REDUCE TIME TO SEARCH MINIMIZE NEED TO REFORMAT ENABLE DECISIONS DETECT ANOMALIES EARLIER BE TRUSTABLE
  28. 28. 1 2 3 4 DATA-DRIVEN JOURNALISM NEXT STEPS
  29. 29. DATA CAN: STEAL THE WORLD OR HEAL THE WORLD
  30. 30. REGRESSION ANALYSIS, PREDICTIVE MODELLING: DATA WILL GET EVEN MORE POWERFUL
  31. 31. EJC • DATA-DRIVEN JOURNALISM 1 Description PAPER PRESENTATION 2 Demonstration CONFERENCE WEBSITE 3 Training WORKSHOPS NETWORK 4 Group
  32. 32. EJC • DATA-DRIVEN JOURNALISM Curriculum Results orientated, understand journalist interests Data Mining, Filtering, Modeling, Produce Other Story Elements Text Format, Visualisation, Present Presentation Deliver information to users and Provide organizations in usable formats
  33. 33. SUMMARY: GOALS EJC • DATA-DRIVEN JOURNALISM 3 YEAR PERSPECTIVE DEMONSTRATE EXAMPLES ON WEB TRAIN JOURNALISTS CREATE EUROPEAN PERSPECTIVE BUILD NETWORK OF DATA-JOURNALISTS
  34. 34. QUESTION: WHAT IS THE BIGGEST BARRIER KEEPING JOURNALISTS FROM USING DATA?
  35. 35. THANK YOU! Mirko Lorenz mirko.lorenz@gmail.com
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