“Circulatory System” (Jacob Sarnoff, 1924)
“Circulatory System” (Jacob Sarnoff, 1924)
MY FATHER, RABBI ISRAEL SARNOFF
,             THE CINIiJfA IN SURGERY    Recording in JIOtion picturea the operation    tor the removal. ot a twiated ovar...
NES INFLATED BY TH EMO -V!        ME iHO D
1896Firstcommercialfilmexhibition
Eugène-Louis    Doyen begins    making    surgical films  18981896Firstcommercialfilmexhibition
AMA    Eugène-Louis    introduces    Doyen begins    motion    making          picture    surgical films   theaters  1898  ...
AMA    Eugène-Louis    introduces    Doyen begins    motion    making          picture    surgical films   theaters  1898  ...
AMA    Eugène-Louis    introduces      AMA    Doyen begins    motion          bans    making          picture         surg...
AMA    Eugène-Louis    introduces      AMA    Doyen begins    motion          bans    making          picture         surg...
AMA                           AMA closes    Eugène-Louis    introduces      AMA           motion-    Doyen begins    motio...
AMA                           AMA closes    Eugène-Louis    introduces      AMA           motion-    Doyen begins    motio...
AMA                           AMA closes                AMA    Eugène-Louis    introduces      AMA           motion-      ...
Eugène-Louis Doyen separating“Siamese twins” Radica and Doodica in 1902
“There is a personal flavorabout the photograph whichis absent in the drawing or theoutline.”
“spoiled by beautifulphotoengravings”
“spoiled by beautifulphotoengravings”         “simple diagrams         would have been         most instructive”
“depriving usof diagrams”
“depriving usof diagrams” “due place”
“connectedsequence”
“Circulatory System” (Jacob Sarnoff, 1924)
“Circulatory System” (Jacob Sarnoff, 1924)
Animation frames, 1951
“We needdiagrams ...
“We needdiagrams ...      ...that will      show the      actual technic”
“interpolateanimation where[photography]fails”
“your ownability tothink indiagram”
“Circulatory System” (Jacob Sarnoff, 1924)
“Circulatory System” (Jacob Sarnoff, 1924)
American College of Surgeons Multimedia Atlas of Surgery (2006)
American College of Surgeons Multimedia Atlas of Surgery (2006)
“Circulatory System” (Jacob Sarnoff, 1924)
“Circulatory System” (Jacob Sarnoff, 1924)
miriam.posner@emory.edu
Depth Perception: Surgical Film and the Problem of Anatomical Legibility
Depth Perception: Surgical Film and the Problem of Anatomical Legibility
Depth Perception: Surgical Film and the Problem of Anatomical Legibility
Depth Perception: Surgical Film and the Problem of Anatomical Legibility
Depth Perception: Surgical Film and the Problem of Anatomical Legibility
Depth Perception: Surgical Film and the Problem of Anatomical Legibility
Depth Perception: Surgical Film and the Problem of Anatomical Legibility
Depth Perception: Surgical Film and the Problem of Anatomical Legibility
Depth Perception: Surgical Film and the Problem of Anatomical Legibility
Depth Perception: Surgical Film and the Problem of Anatomical Legibility
Depth Perception: Surgical Film and the Problem of Anatomical Legibility
Depth Perception: Surgical Film and the Problem of Anatomical Legibility
Depth Perception: Surgical Film and the Problem of Anatomical Legibility
Depth Perception: Surgical Film and the Problem of Anatomical Legibility
Depth Perception: Surgical Film and the Problem of Anatomical Legibility
Depth Perception: Surgical Film and the Problem of Anatomical Legibility
Depth Perception: Surgical Film and the Problem of Anatomical Legibility
Depth Perception: Surgical Film and the Problem of Anatomical Legibility
Depth Perception: Surgical Film and the Problem of Anatomical Legibility
Depth Perception: Surgical Film and the Problem of Anatomical Legibility
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Depth Perception: Surgical Film and the Problem of Anatomical Legibility

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  • Depth Perception: Surgical Film and the Problem of Anatomical Legibility

    1. 1. “Circulatory System” (Jacob Sarnoff, 1924)
    2. 2. “Circulatory System” (Jacob Sarnoff, 1924)
    3. 3. MY FATHER, RABBI ISRAEL SARNOFF
    4. 4. , THE CINIiJfA IN SURGERY Recording in JIOtion picturea the operation tor the removal. ot a twiated ovarian qat
    5. 5. NES INFLATED BY TH EMO -V! ME iHO D
    6. 6. 1896Firstcommercialfilmexhibition
    7. 7. Eugène-Louis Doyen begins making surgical films 18981896Firstcommercialfilmexhibition
    8. 8. AMA Eugène-Louis introduces Doyen begins motion making picture surgical films theaters 1898 19151896Firstcommercialfilmexhibition
    9. 9. AMA Eugène-Louis introduces Doyen begins motion making picture surgical films theaters 1898 19151896 1917First Sarnoffcommercial beginsfilm makingexhibition films
    10. 10. AMA Eugène-Louis introduces AMA Doyen begins motion bans making picture surgical surgical films theaters films 1898 1915 19211896 1917First Sarnoffcommercial beginsfilm makingexhibition films
    11. 11. AMA Eugène-Louis introduces AMA Doyen begins motion bans making picture surgical surgical films theaters films 1898 1915 19211896 1917 1924First Sarnoff Sarnoffcommercial begins makesfilm making “Circulatoryexhibition films System”
    12. 12. AMA AMA closes Eugène-Louis introduces AMA motion- Doyen begins motion bans picture making picture surgical theaters surgical films theaters films altogether 1898 1915 1921 19281896 1917 1924First Sarnoff Sarnoffcommercial begins makesfilm making “Circulatoryexhibition films System”
    13. 13. AMA AMA closes Eugène-Louis introduces AMA motion- Doyen begins motion bans picture making picture surgical theaters surgical films theaters films altogether 1898 1915 1921 19281896 1917 1924 1935First Sarnoff Sarnoff Americancommercial begins makes College offilm making “Circulatory Surgeonsexhibition films System” begins endorsing films
    14. 14. AMA AMA closes AMA Eugène-Louis introduces AMA motion- reintroduces Doyen begins motion bans picture motion- making picture surgical theaters picture surgical films theaters films altogether theaters 1898 1915 1921 1928 19411896 1917 1924 1935First Sarnoff Sarnoff Americancommercial begins makes College offilm making “Circulatory Surgeonsexhibition films System” begins endorsing films
    15. 15. Eugène-Louis Doyen separating“Siamese twins” Radica and Doodica in 1902
    16. 16. “There is a personal flavorabout the photograph whichis absent in the drawing or theoutline.”
    17. 17. “spoiled by beautifulphotoengravings”
    18. 18. “spoiled by beautifulphotoengravings” “simple diagrams would have been most instructive”
    19. 19. “depriving usof diagrams”
    20. 20. “depriving usof diagrams” “due place”
    21. 21. “connectedsequence”
    22. 22. “Circulatory System” (Jacob Sarnoff, 1924)
    23. 23. “Circulatory System” (Jacob Sarnoff, 1924)
    24. 24. Animation frames, 1951
    25. 25. “We needdiagrams ...
    26. 26. “We needdiagrams ... ...that will show the actual technic”
    27. 27. “interpolateanimation where[photography]fails”
    28. 28. “your ownability tothink indiagram”
    29. 29. “Circulatory System” (Jacob Sarnoff, 1924)
    30. 30. “Circulatory System” (Jacob Sarnoff, 1924)
    31. 31. American College of Surgeons Multimedia Atlas of Surgery (2006)
    32. 32. American College of Surgeons Multimedia Atlas of Surgery (2006)
    33. 33. “Circulatory System” (Jacob Sarnoff, 1924)
    34. 34. “Circulatory System” (Jacob Sarnoff, 1924)
    35. 35. miriam.posner@emory.edu

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