Holocaust – 11 million people were killed Term comes from a Greek word that means burnt whole or consumed by fire The term Holocaust refers to the specific period in history dating from 1933 – 1945 and not to any other mass murder or genocide.
SLIDE 5 – HOLOCAUST VICTIMS
SLIDE 10 – PICTURES OF HITLER AND SOUND (must click for sound) Adolf Hitler, who had wanted to be a painter but was turned down by the Vienna Academy of the Arts, liked to talk to people, and, in 1919, he organized the National Socialistic German Workers Party, Nazi for short. The words “Nazis” and “German” do not mean the same thing – A German is someone who is a native of the country of Germany – like a U.S. citizen. A Nazi is a member of a political party – like a Democrat or Republican. Hitler used fear to control the German people. Hitler created a secret police force (S.S.) known for its brutal tactics and having absolute power over people. The S.S. would give rewards to informers for aiding the regime or those who betrayed their fellow Germans. Hitler was a dynamic speaker – he could speak for 2-3 hours before thousands of people. Propaganda – spreading ideas and information to deliberately further one’s cause – can include lies.
SLIDE 14 – “YOU HAVE NO RIGHT TO LIVE AMONG US.”
Living in ghettos.
SLIDE 17 – KRISTALLNACHT - Sound of breaking glass automatically plays. “Night of Crystal” or “Night of Broken Glass” – a government organized riot. A form of terrorism. Kristallnacht was the name given to the first major attack on the Jewish population of Germany and Austria on November 9-10, 1938. The proclaimed objective of the Nazi regime was to rid Europe of its Jewish population. In November 1938, following the assassination of a German diplomat in Paris by a young Jewish student trying desperately to help his parents obtain visas to return to their homeland, all synagogues in Germany were set on fire, windows of Jewish shops were smashed, and thousands of Jews were arrested. The “Night of Broken Glass” (Kristallnacht) was a signal to Jews in Germany and Austria to leave as soon as possible. Several hundred thousand people were able to find refuge in other countries, but a similar number, including many who were old or poor, stayed to face an uncertain fate. November 8, 1938, at an annual celebration at a beer hall, Hitler was overheard telling Goebbels, Hitler’s Chief of Propaganda, that the “SA should have a fling” The event was described as a “spontaneous” outrage of German anger against the Jewish population because of the murder of the German diplomat. It also served as “proof” that the Jews were depicted honestly in the Nazi propaganda campaign. Nazi offices all over Germany were given specific details as to what to do during this progrom: burn synagogues, smash windows of Jewish businesses, ransack Jewish businesses and homes, and arrest all Jewish males, taking them to concentration camps. Over one hundred Jews were killed that night; others were subjected to torture. An estimated 20,000 children were left homeless and fatherless by the destruction of Kristallnacht and imprisonment of Jewish men.
SLIDE 28 - MAP OF CONCENTRATION CAMPS AND KILLING CENTERS
The slide will automatically place swastikas on the concentration camps and skull/crossbones on the killing centers (also referred to as death camps and extermination camps). There were two kinds of concentration camps: "extermination" and "labor" camps. There were ultimately seven extermination and 10,000 labor camps. This map only shows the major camps The extermination camps were designed for the sole purpose of killing people, mainly Jews. The extermination camps (i.e., Auschwitz, Treblinka, etc.) were all located in Poland. None were located in Germany. The Nazis needed a fast method for the mass killings of the Jews. These were the only camps with the gassing chambers. However, many of the camps such as the labor camps had crematoriums. Prisoners in a labor or work camp (Dachau, Buchenwald, etc.) were worked to death or used in medical experiments.
SLIDE 34 - PILE OF SHOES, PEOPLE SORTING Note the mass amount.
SLIDE 33 - PILE OF EYEGLASSES
When the prisoners were stripped of their clothing, nothing was wasted. This is a pile of eyeglasses - Note the mass amount – thousands were killed daily.
SLIDE 30 - OLDER MAN WITH TATTOO This is a photo of a survivor, showing the tattoo with which he received while at Auschwitz.
SLIDE 32 - YOUNG BABY WITH TATTOO Notice that this baby has a tattoo. Because most children were immediately killed, it is likely this baby was part of a study that used twins for experiments preformed by Nazi doctors.
SLIDE 54 – CAMP
SLIDE 51 – GIRL IN CAR
Mrs. Battles’s lesson on The Holocaust- this is a
SERIOUS topic– Be RESPECTFUL!
Fill in the K section of the KWL
chart! (page 232)
What do you already know about
Holocaust (hol · o · caust): n
1. Great destruction resulting in the extensive loss of life,
especially by fire
2. Greek word that means burnt whole or consumed by fire
• 6 million Jews
• 1.5 million children under 12
• “Other Undesirables”
• 5 million
11 MILLION KILLED
courtesy of USHMM Photo Archives
Photo credit: USHMM Photo Archives
Photo credit: National Archives,
courtesy of USHMM Photo Archives
Adolf Hitler (1889-1945)
• He was a war veteran who
fought in WWI.
• He became the leader of
the Nazi Party in 1921.
• He later became the
absolute dictator of
• He was appointed
Chancellor of Germany in
• He became the President
or Führer of Germany in
Hitler’s Mother—Clara Hitler
Geli Raubel, his niece- Hitler’s first lovedied of a unexplained self inflicted gun shot
She died of cancer—with a Jewish
doctor and experimental treatments
Swastika- The nazi sign
The Swastika is an ancient symbol of life, luck and wellbeing, a solar sign that was sacred to many Gods and
Nazi Swastika- turned the ends upward
instead of down.
The Ban on Jewish Business
The signs read,” Germans, defend yourselves against the Jewish atrocity propaganda, buy only at
German shops!" and "Germans, defend yourselves, buy only at German shops!"
“Night Of Broken Glass”
Photo credits: Hauptstaatsarchiv Stuttgart, courtesy of USHMM Photo Archives
World War II
A military conflict lasting from 1938-1945 involving two opposing alliances:
Additional Axis Nations
United States of America
Soviet Union (USSR/Russia)
Additional Allied Nations
• This is the cover of a
issued during WWII.
• The “J” printed on
the front in black
identified a Jew.
• The eagle printed on
other kennkartes is
• The “J” was also
stamped inside in red
or purple ink.
• Fingerprints and a
the left ear were
required of all Jews .
• All women were
required to add the
Jewish middle name
“Sara” and the men
• This woman’s name is
Erna “Sara” Fromm
The white figures
Aryans; the black
Jews; and the
Hitler Youth Movement
A youth organization that formed in the 1920s for boys
Membership became compulsory in 1936.
One aim was to instill the boys motivation as soldiers,
to fight faithfully for the Third Reich.
Many of the members were drafted into the military
during WWII. Some as young as 12.
The League of German Girls
• Formed in the 1920s for girls
age 10-18. It was the only
organized youth group for
girls in Germany.
• Enrolment grew when the
Nazi Party came to power in
• Membership became
compulsory in 1939 for all
girls age 10-18.
First They Came
In Germany they first came for the Communists,
and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Communist.
Then they came for the Jews,
and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Jew.
Then they came for the trade unionists,
and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a trade unionist.
Then they came for the Catholics,
and I didn't speak up because I was a Protestant.
Then they came for me —
and by that time no one was left to speak up.
- Pastor Martin Niemöller
Date: 1959 or 1960
Pictures of Frankfurt
Fill in some
information in your
Survivors in Mauthausen open one of the crematoria
ovens for American troops who are inspecting the camp.
There were 11 Concentration Camps
• Gross Rosen
• Dora/ Nordhausen
Many sub-camps existed as offshoots to
these main 11 Concentration Camps
There were 4 main Death Camps
There were 2 Labour / Extermination Camps
•Majdanek (KZ Lublin)
There were 2 Reception / Holding Centres
'Angel of Death’ became his nickname
He was a German Schutzstaffel (SS) officer and a physician in the Nazi concentration
He was known for performing bizarre and murderous human experiments on
He also was one responsible for determining who was to be killed and who was to
temporarily become a forced laborer
The 7 Dwarfs of Auschwitz