Intensive Supervision ProbationINTENSIVE SUPERVISION PROBATION Traditional Incapacitation in Michigan Miracle Anderson CJ #304 01
INTENSIVE SUPERVISION PROBATION The Intensive Supervision Probation section (ISP) is the offender’slast chance at probation while still providing protection for the public.The primary function of the ISP is to provide intense supervision ofoffenders under conditions established by the Juvenile Court (Walker,2003). It is also a community based sentencing option for juvenileoffenders with high needs such as, mental health issues, depressionand other stress related illnesses.
FOUR PHASES Phase 1 is a minimum of one Phase 2 is a minimum of fourmonth. The juvenile offender will months. The Juvenile Intensivebe placed on monitored house Officer will monitor the juvenilearrest. It will include assessments with four face to face contacts per week with additional proceduresto identify the juvenile’s needs in such as random drug test,terms of competency, mental monitoring school attendance, andhealth and educational services. curfew compliance.
CONT… Phase 3 is a minimum of one The last phase is a maximum of nine months in which the probationermonth. It includes face to face will be transferred to a court servicescontacts, approximately two officer handling a regular caseload. This level is based on transfers supervisioncontacts per week, random to the juvenile and the familytesting and random visits. supervision and will decrease as warranted based on the offender’s behavior. (South Dakota Unified Judicial System, 2009).
JUVENILE JUSTICESome of the Goals of the Juvenile Justice System are: To protect the community To hold delinquent youths accountable To provide treatment and positive role models “Balanced approach” to corrections
REQUIREMENTSWhat do the participants have to do?Participants in the JIPS program must comply with several specific conditionsincluding: Participating in one or more of the following activities for not less than 32 hourseach week:•school, •a court-ordered treatment program,•employment •supervised community service work•Paying victim restitution and a monthly probation fee.•Living in a location approved by the JIPS team.•Remaining at home except to go to work, school, perform community service, orparticipate in special activities as approved by the probation officer.•Submitting to drug and alcohol tests when required by the JIPS team.•Completing goals and expectations set by the court.
Evidence suggests that scared straight programs are not effective. A meta-analysis of 9programs funded by the Campbell Collaboration found that these programs cause moreharm than doing nothing and lead to increased rates of delinquency and arrests amongstparticipants131. This is very strong evidence against the effectiveness of scared straightprograms.In the WSIPP 2009 cost-benefit analysis which covered ten evaluations of Scared Straightprograms, Scared Straight programs were found to increase reoffending by 6.1%. Further,this type of program was calculated to result in a net loss to taxpayers of $5,630 perprogram participant which translates to a taxpayer loss of $92.83 for every dollar marginalspent on the program
BOOT CAMPS INEFFECTIVE Boot Camps Boot Camps are specially structured residential institutions which functionalong military lines. The track record of boot camps in reducing recidivism is poor.In a recent evaluation, “scared straight” programs, boot camps were the onlyprograms to have a mean negative impact163.
TRADITIONAL PROBATION INEFFECTIVEEmpirical evidence suggests that traditional probation is not effective in itselfin reducing crime. For in reducing recidivism165. One ofthe most commonly cited reasons for the relative ineffectiveness of traditionalprobation programs is the heavy caseloads of probation officers.
Research has found that ISPs are more effective than incarceration in reducingrecidivism168. However, other research has found that ISPs resulted in noreduction in recidivism and produced greater costs associated with staffnumbers, drug testing, and increased demand on imprisonment services fortechnical violations169. However, there is some evidence that probation can besuccessful if combined with other therapeutic measures such as MST or FFT(ECPN 2006, OJJDP 2009).