What’S The Hook


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How to attract teens to reading

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What’S The Hook

  1. 1. What’s the Hook? Students Today and the Books They Read Find the right bait and tackle, learn who young adults are, and start reeling ‘em in!
  2. 2. <ul><li>Who or What is a Young Adult? </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is a young adult? <ul><li>The Young Adult Service Division of the American Library Association (ALA) defines the age range of an adolescent or young adult as ages 10-19. </li></ul><ul><li>Early adolescence (elementary or middle school or grades 5, 6, 7) </li></ul><ul><li>Middle adolescence (junior high or grades 8, 9, 10) </li></ul><ul><li>Later adolescence (high school or grades 11, 12) </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Early Adolescence (11-14) – concern about appearance increases, independence from family becomes more important, rebellious/defiant behavior, importance of friends and peer group, ego dominates view of all issues </li></ul><ul><li>Middle Adolescence (15-16) – becoming less self-absorbed, making own decisions, experimenting with self image, seeking new experiences, developing morals and values, making lasting relationships, becoming sexually aware, maturing skills and interests </li></ul><ul><li>Late Adolescence (17-18) – viewing world idealistically, involved in world outside home and school, stabilizing relationships, adults as equals, independence </li></ul><ul><li>Fenwick, Elizabeth and Tony Smith. Adolescence. DK Publishing, 1994. </li></ul>MILESTONES IN ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT
  5. 5. <ul><li>Havighurst, Robert J. Developmental Tasks and Education. 3rd edition. David McKay Co., 1972. </li></ul><ul><li>Eight developmental tasks: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Develop more appropriate sex roles – what girls do vs. what boys do </li></ul><ul><li>2. Develop new relationship with peers – kids who may have been friends, suddenly they aren’t anymore. You make friends based on your likes and dislikes </li></ul><ul><li>3. Develop and easy relationship with the opposite sex ; a friend who is a boy, not a “boyfriend” and vice versa </li></ul><ul><li>4. Accepting one’s physical body – this is made difficult because the body betrays you. Takes kids a long time to get through it </li></ul><ul><li>5. Changing relationship with parents – mirror image to rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>6. Working for pay – Can I help clean to how much are you going to pay me? </li></ul><ul><li>7. Finding a vocation – finding the “one” you were called to. What am I going to be when I grow up? </li></ul><ul><li>8. Becoming aware of values – what is important to us and hold to be truths in our lives </li></ul>Ever Heard of Havighurst? And no…it’s not a cheese
  6. 6. <ul><li>How do they read?? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Stages of Literary Appreciation
  8. 8. Margaret Early Stages of Literary Development <ul><li>Level One: Birth-Kinder. Pleasure and profit </li></ul><ul><li>Level Two: Primary grades. Decoding </li></ul><ul><li>Level Three: Late elementary. Lose yourself </li></ul>
  9. 9. Stages of Reading Development cont’d <ul><li>Level Four: Junior high. Find self in books </li></ul><ul><li>Level Five: High School. Venture beyond self. </li></ul><ul><li>Level Six: College. Variety in reading </li></ul>
  10. 10. Stages of Literary Development cont’d <ul><li>Level Seven: Adulthood. Aesthetic purposes At this level, books begin to hit the reader in the heart… </li></ul>
  11. 11. What Makes Lifetime Readers (doesn’t occur in order) <ul><li>Unconscious delight – lost in the book you’re reading. Occurs early and with serial reading </li></ul><ul><li>Reading autobiographically – reading about a character or people that you have a personal connection with in your life </li></ul><ul><li>Reading for vicarious experience – you read books that deal with things you don’t have and haven’t experienced </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Philosophical speculation – Questions begin. Why did this have to happen? Why do I exist? This is found particularly in the non-fiction section. Any “What-If” questions </li></ul><ul><li>Reading for aesthetics: reading for the sheer beauty of the language. It is the feeling that the words give you emotionally </li></ul><ul><li>Lesesne, Teri. Naked Reading: Uncovering What Tweens Need to Become Lifelong Readers 2006 </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Gender Reading Differences – </li></ul><ul><li>Easier than You Think </li></ul>
  14. 14. Girls Reading Preferences <ul><li>Prefers female main characters, but will read about guys </li></ul><ul><li>Prefers fewer characters </li></ul><ul><li>Girls enjoy internal characterization (feelings and emotions) </li></ul><ul><li>Girls prefer confined settings </li></ul><ul><li>Prefer linear plots (Day One, Day Two, or whatever the case may be) </li></ul><ul><li>Units of time are neat and compact in girl’s books </li></ul>
  15. 15. Boys Reading Preferences <ul><li>Boys will hardly ever read a book with a girl as a main character (think Babysitter’s Club vs. Goosebumps) </li></ul><ul><li>Guys tend to like many characters, ie fantasy/sci-fi. Romance tends to have fewer characters while fantasy/sci-fi has many visible and important characters </li></ul><ul><li>Boys like physical descriptions and less emotional responses </li></ul>
  16. 16. Boys Reading Preferences cont’d <ul><li>4. Boys like varied settings, which are highly appealing (think Michael Crichton and Tom Clancy) </li></ul><ul><li>5. In regard to time and settings, boys like lengthy amounts of time (ie Michener) </li></ul>Notes from SHSU Young Adult Literature, prof. Teri Lesesne
  17. 17. <ul><li>What Draws Them to Read? </li></ul>
  18. 18. Variables that Affect Reading <ul><li>The Book </li></ul><ul><li>The Environment (teacher/classroom/library) </li></ul><ul><li>Independence </li></ul>Create a hotlist of variables for each one
  19. 19. <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cover </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Title </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Summary in the book </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Length </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>genre </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>The Book:
  20. 20. <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Classroom libraries </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Role models (they see us reading) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Booktalking (teachers and librarians) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reading aloud to students – increases scores on all levels </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Displays </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pop culture </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Research has proven that teachers who have classroom libraries have more proliferate readers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>The Environment :
  21. 21. <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This is the only area you cannot control. It is affected by: </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Intelligence </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>Notes from Young Adult Literature, SHSU – professor Teri Lesesne Independent Readers
  22. 22. Readers <ul><li>Two types of readers: </li></ul><ul><li>Schooltime </li></ul><ul><li>Lifetime </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Schooltime: grades, TAKS, graduation – these are held over them to get them to read more, BUT is it developing life-time readers? </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Booktalking? Who….me? <ul><li>Websites/listservs for finding booktalks and information on how to start </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nancy Keane </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Booktalking listserv </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ALA resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ALAN Review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All sorts of styles, but few basic outlines for all of them </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Okay…..Let’s Focus on Secondary
  25. 25. Population of Young Adults Aronson, Marc. 2001. Exploding the Myth: The Truth About Teenagers and Reading. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press
  26. 26. How Teens Spend Their Time (one or more hours in the past 7 days) <ul><li>Watch TV 90% </li></ul><ul><li>Listen to music on the radio 77% </li></ul><ul><li>Listen to music on CDs/MP3s 75% </li></ul><ul><li>Use the internet 60% </li></ul><ul><li>Play Computer games 37% </li></ul><ul><li>Read a book for pleasure 33% </li></ul><ul><li>Read a magazine 29% </li></ul><ul><li>Read the newspaper 28% </li></ul><ul><li>Read a comic book 7% </li></ul><ul><li>“ Teens’ Leisure Habits.” Gallup Poll </li></ul>
  27. 27. “What’s In” for Teens <ul><li>Cell phones 53 </li></ul><ul><li>DVD’s 53 </li></ul><ul><li>MP3 players 53 </li></ul><ul><li>Digital cameras 54 </li></ul><ul><li>Hoodie sweatshirts 55 </li></ul><ul><li>Plasma TV’s 54 </li></ul><ul><li>Home video games 53 </li></ul><ul><li>HDTV 54 </li></ul><ul><li>Graphic T’s 56 </li></ul><ul><li>Athletic shoes 57 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Consumer Insight: Targeting Teens.” NAA Business Analysis % Research Department, 2007 </li></ul>
  28. 28. Top Social Issues Teens Care About <ul><li>Child abuse 52 </li></ul><ul><li>Drinking and driving 53 </li></ul><ul><li>AIDS 57 </li></ul><ul><li>Abortion 60 </li></ul><ul><li>War 55 </li></ul><ul><li>Education 53 </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual Assault 51 </li></ul><ul><li>Drug abuse 49 </li></ul><ul><li>Racism 55 </li></ul><ul><li>Terrorism 52 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Consumer Insight: Targeting Teens.” NAA Business Analysis % Research Department, 2007 </li></ul>
  29. 29. Source: SmartGirl/ALA Teen Read Week Survey . Reading for Fun
  30. 30. HOW OFTEN DO TEENS READ? Source: SmartGirl/ALA Teen Read Week Survey
  31. 31. Why Read??
  32. 32. What Teens Read Girls Boys There were 2,809 respondents (approx. 2/3 were girls, 1/3 boys). Source: Teen Read Week Survey held by SmartGirl/ALA in October 2001. 1 0 News magazines 2 1 None of these 1 2 All of the above 1 0 Computer manuals 0 1 Puzzle magazines 3 2 The writing on packages 4 2 Comics 3 2 Online reading 9 0 Video magazines 6 4 Newspapers 4 6 Music/entertainment magazines 6 10 Miscellaneous magazines 9 10 Schoolbooks 0 17 Fashion/beauty magazines 30 3 Sports/automotive/hunting magazines 23 41 Books for pleasure
  33. 33. How should we define YA Literature? <ul><li>Definition one: Books written specifically for YA. They have age-related protagonists and are about issues YA deal with or may have to face in the future </li></ul><ul><li>Definition two: What YA are reading during their free time on their own time. This also includes adult authors such as Michael Crichton, Stephen King, Danielle Steel and John Grisham. </li></ul><ul><li>Definition three: any book marketed as YA by a publisher. Could be an adult book pushed to the YA audience or vice versa. </li></ul><ul><li>Wilder, Ann and Alan B. Teasley. “High School Connections: YA: FAQ (We’re Glad you Asked!).” ALAN Review. http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/ejournals/ALAN/v28n1/faq.html </li></ul>
  34. 34. So, what is Young Adult literature? <ul><li>Common Characteristics: </li></ul><ul><li>Conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>Themes are of interest to young people </li></ul><ul><li>Protagonists and most characters are young adults </li></ul><ul><li>The language </li></ul><ul><li>The length of novels </li></ul><ul><li>The diction and syntax </li></ul><ul><li>from Literature for Today’s Young Adults by Kenneth L. Donelson and Alleen Nilsen) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.viterbo.edu/personalpages/faculty/GSmith/Whatisyoungadultlit.html </li></ul>
  35. 35. How to attract bees to honey <ul><li>BLOGS! Let’s look at a few…. </li></ul><ul><li>DISPLAYS! You can keep Austin weird, but there is genius within </li></ul><ul><li>STUDENT –CREATED YA LIT SITES! If they don’t trust you, you who they will… </li></ul>
  36. 36. The problems with teens <ul><li>The “problems” in YA problem novels </li></ul>Evaluating the Problem Novel
  37. 37. Trends in YA lit <ul><li>Moving away from “what’s good” and onto what teens really want to read </li></ul><ul><li>Writing about all types of truths, though they may be ugly </li></ul><ul><li>YA novels written in poetic verse </li></ul><ul><li>Books about multiculturalism in our day and age </li></ul><ul><li>Graphic novels </li></ul><ul><li>Hybrids of genres </li></ul><ul><li>Re-emergence of fantasy and historical novels </li></ul><ul><li>Adult books for Young Adults </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.kellymilnerhalls.com/index.2ts?page=portfolio&catid=279&wrtid=392 </li></ul>
  38. 38. Subliterature <ul><li>Comics </li></ul><ul><li>Magazines </li></ul><ul><li>Serial books </li></ul><ul><li>Non-fiction </li></ul><ul><li>Horror/Supernatural </li></ul><ul><li>Humor </li></ul><ul><li>Mystery </li></ul>Lesesne, Teri. (2006). Naked Reading. Portland: Stenhouse Publishers
  39. 39. Bookcovers Will Appeal to YA
  40. 40. Teen Appeal Publishers Watch for publishers like Simon Pulse and Push
  41. 41. Age Range??
  42. 42. Multiculturalism
  43. 43. TAYSHAS 2007-08
  44. 44. TAYSHAS 2007-08
  45. 45. TAYSHAS 2007-08